|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) A pocket of a cone-like shape in which Naaman bound two pieces of silver for Gehazi (2 Kings 5:23). The same Hebrew word occurs elsewhere only in Isaiah 3:22, where it is rendered "crisping-pins," but denotes the reticules (or as R.V., "satchels") carried by Hebrew women.
(2.) Another word (kees) so rendered means a bag for carrying weights (Deuteronomy 25:13; Proverbs 16:11; Micah 6:11). It also denotes a purse (Proverbs 1:14) and a cup (23:31).
(3.) Another word rendered "bag" in 1 Samuel 17:40 is rendered "sack" in Genesis 42:25; and in 1 Samuel 9:7; 21:5 "vessel," or wallet for carrying food.
(4.) The word rendered in the Authorized Version "bags," in which the priests bound up the money contributed for the restoration of the temple (2 Kings 12:10), is also rendered "bundle" (Genesis 42:35; 1 Samuel 25:29). It denotes bags used by travellers for carrying money during a journey (Proverbs 7:20; Haggai 1:6).
(5.) The "bag" of Judas was a small box (John 12:6; 13:29).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A sack or pouch, used for holding anything; as, a bag of meal or of money.
2. (n.) A sac, or dependent gland, in animal bodies, containing some fluid or other substance; as, the bag of poison in the mouth of some serpents; the bag of a cow.
3. (n.) A sort of silken purse formerly tied about men's hair behind, by way of ornament.
4. (n.) The quantity of game bagged.
5. (n.) A certain quantity of a commodity, such as it is customary to carry to market in a sack; as, a bag of pepper or hops; a bag of coffee.
6. (v. t.) To put into a bag; as, to bag hops.
7. (v. t.) To seize, capture, or entrap; as, to bag an army; to bag game.
8. (v. t.) To furnish or load with a bag or with a well filled bag.
9. (v. i.) To swell or hang down like a full bag; as, the skin bags from containing morbid matter.
10. (v. i.) To swell with arrogance.
11. (v. i.) To become pregnant.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Bags of various kinds are mentioned in the English Bible, but often in a way to obscure rather than tr the original.
(1) "Bag" is used for a Hebrew word which means a shepherd's "bag," rendered "wallet" in the Revised Version (British and American). This "bag" of the shepherd or "haversack" of the traveler was of a size sufficient for one or more days' provisions. It was made of the skin of animals, ordinarily undressed, as most of the other "bags" of ancient times were, and was carried slung across the shoulder. This is the "scrip for the journey" pera mentioned in Matthew 10:10 and its parallel (the King James Version). ("Scrip" is Old English, now obsolete.) A unique word appears in 1 Samuel 17:40, 49 which had to be explained even to Hebrew readers by the gloss, "the shepherd's bag," but which is likewise rendered "wallet" by the American Standard Revised Version.
(2) "Bag" translates also a word ballantion which stands for the more finished leather pouch, or satchel which served as a "purse" (see Christ's words, Luke 10:4 King James Version: "Carry neither purse, nor scrip," and 12:33 King James Version: "Provide yourselves bags which wax not old"). The word rendered "purse" in Matthew 10:9: "Get you no gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses"; Mark 6:8: "No money in their purse," is a different word entirely zone, the true rendering of which is "girdle" (Revised Version, margin). The oriental "girdle," though sometimes of crude leather, or woven camel's hair (see GIRDLE), was often of fine material and elegant workmanship, and was either made hollow so to carry money, or when of silk or cloth, worn in folds, when the money was carried in the folds.
(3) The small "merchant's bag" often knotted in a handkerchief for carrying the weights, such as is mentioned in Deuteronomy 25:13: "Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small," was another variety. This too was used as "purse," as in the case of the proposed common purse of the wicked mentioned in Proverbs 1:14: "We will all have one purse," and sometimes carried in the girdle (compare Isaiah 46:6).
(4) Then there was the "bag" tseror, rendered "bundle" in Genesis 42:35 which was the favorite receptacle for valuables, jewels, as well as money, used figuratively with fine effect in 1 Samuel 25:29: "The soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life"-"life's jewel-case" (see 2 Kings 12:10 where the money of the temple was said to be put up "tied up" in bags). This was a "bag" that could be tied with a string: "Behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack," and with (compare Proverbs 7:20) "He hath taken a bag of money with him" (compare Haggai 1:6: "earneth wages to put it into a bag holes"). A seal was sometimes put on the knot, which occasions the figure of speech used in Job 14:16, 17, "Dost thou not watch over my sin? My transgression is sealed up in a bag," i.e. it is securely kept and reckoned against me (compare also 1 Samuel 9:7; 1 Samuel 21:5 where the Hebrew keli, is rendered by "vessels" and stands for receptacles for carrying food, not necessarily bags).
(5) Another Hebrew word chariT; Arabic charitat, is used, on the one hand, for a "bag" large enough to hold a talent of silver (see 2 Kings 5:23, "bound two talents of silver in two bags"), and on the other, for a dainty lady's satchel, such as is found in Isaiah 3:22 (wrongly rendered "crisping pins" in the King James Version). This is the most adequate Hebrew word for a large bag. (6) The "bag" which Judas carried (see John 12:6 the King James Version, "He was a thief and had the bag"; compare John 13:29) was in reality the small "box" (Revised Version, margin) originally used for holding the mouthpieces of wind instruments (Kennedy, in the 1-volume HDB). The Hebrew 'argaz, (found only here) of 1 Samuel 6:8, rendered "coffer" in English Versions of the Bible and translated glossokomon, by Josephus, appears to stand for a small "chest" used to hold the gold figures sent by the Philistines as a guilt offering. It is from a word that means "to wag," "to move to and fro"; compare the similar word in Arabic meaning a bag filled with stones hung at the side of the camel to "preserve" equilibrium (Gesenius). But the same word Josephus uses is found in modern Greek and means "purse" or "bag" (Hatch). Later to "carry the bag" came to mean to be treasurer.
George B. Eager
Bag (52 Occurrences)
Matthew 10:10 Take no bag for your journey, neither two coats, nor shoes, nor staff: for the laborer is worthy of his food. (WEB WEY BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 6:8 He charged them to take nothing for the journey except a stick; no bread, no bag, and not a penny in their pockets, (WEY BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 9:3 And He commanded them, "Take nothing for your journey; neither stick nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have an extra under garment. (WEY BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 10:4 Carry no purse, bag, nor change of shoes; and salute no one on your way." (WEY BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:35 Then He asked them, "When I sent you out without purse or bag or shoes, was there anything you needed?" "No, nothing," they replied. (WEY BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:36 "But now," said He, "let the one who has a purse take it, and he who has a bag must do the same. And let him who has no sword sell his outer garment and buy one. (WEY BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 12:6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein. (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NIV)
John 13:29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor. (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 42:25 Then Joseph gave a command to fill their bags with grain, and to restore every man's money into his sack, and to give them food for the way. So it was done to them. (Root in WEB BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 42:27 Now at their night's resting-place one of them, opening his bag to give his ass some food, saw his money in the mouth of the bag. (BBE YLT)
Genesis 42:28 And he said to his brothers, My money has been given back: it is in my bag; then their hearts became full of fear, and turning to one another they said, What is this which God has done to us? (BBE YLT)
Genesis 42:35 And when they took the grain out of their bags, it was seen that every man's parcel of money was in his bag; and when they and their father saw the money, they were full of fear. (Root in BBE)
Genesis 43:21 And when we came to our night's resting-place, on opening our bags we saw that every man's money was in the mouth of his bag, all our money in full weight: and we have it with us to give it back; (Root in BBE YLT)
Genesis 44:1 Then he gave orders to the servant who was over his house, saying, Put as much food into the men's bags as will go into them, and put every man's money in the mouth of his bag; (Root in BBE YLT)
Genesis 44:2 And put my cup, my silver cup, in the youngest one's bag, with his money. So he did as Joseph said. (BBE YLT)
Genesis 44:10 And he said, Let it be as you say: he in whose bag it is seen will become my servant; and you will not be responsible. (BBE)
Genesis 44:11 Then every man quickly got his bag down and undid it. (BBE YLT)
Genesis 44:12 And he made a search, starting with the oldest and ending with the youngest; and the cup was in Benjamin's bag. (BBE YLT)
Genesis 44:16 And Judah said, What are we to say to my lord? how may we put ourselves right in his eyes? God has made clear the sin of your servants: now we are in your hands, we and the man in whose bag your cup was seen. (BBE)
Exodus 25:7 Beryls and stones of value to be put on the ephod and on the priest's bag. (BBE)
Exodus 28:4 This is what they are to make: a priest's bag, an ephod, and a robe, and a coat of coloured needlework, a head-dress, and a linen band; they are to make holy robes for Aaron your brother and for his sons, so that they may do the work of priests for me. (BBE)
Exodus 28:22 And you are to make two chains of gold, twisted like cords, to be fixed to the priest's bag. (BBE)
Exodus 28:23 And put two gold rings on the two ends of the bag. (BBE)
Exodus 28:24 Put the two gold chains on the two rings at the ends of the bag; (BBE)
Exodus 28:26 Then make two gold rings and put them on the lower ends of the bag, at the edge of it on the inner side nearest to the ephod. (BBE)
Exodus 28:28 So that the rings on the bag may be fixed to the rings of the ephod by a blue cord and on to the band of the ephod, so that the bag may not come loose from the ephod. (BBE)
Exodus 28:29 And so Aaron will have the names of the children of Israel on the priest's bag over his heart whenever he goes into the holy place, to keep the memory of them before the Lord. (BBE)
Exodus 28:30 And in the bag you are to put the Urim and Thummim, so that they may be on Aaron's heart whenever he goes in before the Lord; and Aaron may have the power of making decisions for the children of Israel before the Lord at all times. (BBE)
Exodus 35:9 And beryls and jewels to be cut for the ephod and for the priest's bag. (BBE)
Exodus 35:27 And the rulers gave the beryls and the cut jewels for the ephod and the priest's bag; (BBE)
Exodus 39:8 The priest's bag was designed like the ephod, of the best linen worked with gold and blue and purple and red. (BBE)
Exodus 39:15 And on the bag they put gold chains, twisted like cords. (BBE)
Exodus 39:16 And they made two gold frames and two gold rings, the rings being fixed to the ends of the priest's bag; (BBE)
Exodus 39:17 And they put the two twisted chains on the two rings at the ends of the priest's bag; (BBE)
Exodus 39:19 And they made two rings of gold and put them on the two lower ends of the bag, on the inner side nearest to the ephod. (BBE)
Exodus 39:21 And the rings on the bag were fixed to the rings of the ephod by a blue cord, keeping it in place over the band, so that the bag might not get loose, as the Lord gave orders to Moses. (BBE)
Leviticus 8:8 And he put the priest's bag on him, and in the bag he put the Urim and Thummim. (BBE)
Leviticus 11:32 The dead body of any of these, falling on anything, will make that thing unclean; if it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or bag, whatever it is, if it is used for any purpose, it will have to be put into water, and will be unclean till evening; after that it will be clean. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 25:13 You shall not have in your bag diverse weights, a great and a small. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 17:40 He took his staff in his hand, and chose for himself five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet. His sling was in his hand; and he drew near to the Philistine. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 17:49 David put his hand in his bag, took a stone, and slung it, and struck the Philistine in his forehead; and the stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 25:29 And though a man has taken up arms against you, putting your life in danger, still the soul of my lord will be kept safe among the band of the living with the Lord your God; and the souls of those who are against you he will send violently away from him, like stones from a bag. (BBE)
2 Kings 4:42 Now a man came from Baal-shalishah with an offering of first-fruits for the man of God, twenty barley cakes and garden fruit in his bag. And he said, Give these to the people for food. (BBE)
Job 14:17 My disobedience is sealed up in a bag. You fasten up my iniquity. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 126:6 Though a man may go out weeping, taking his vessel of seed with him; he will come again in joy, with the corded stems of grain in his arms. (See NAS)
Proverbs 7:20 He has taken a bag of money with him. He will come home at the full moon." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 16:11 Honest balances and scales are Yahweh's; all the weights in the bag are his work. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 26:8 As a bag of gems in a stoneheap, so is he that giveth honour to a fool. (DBY)
Song of Songs 1:13 As a bag of myrrh is my well-loved one to me, when he is at rest all night between my breasts. (BBE JPS RSV)
Isaiah 46:6 Some pour out gold from the bag, and weigh silver in the balance. They hire a goldsmith, and he makes it a god. They fall down-yes, they worship. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS
Micah 6:11 Shall I be pure with dishonest scales, and with a bag of deceitful weights? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Haggai 1:6 You have sown much, and bring in little. You eat, but you don't have enough. You drink, but you aren't filled with drink. You clothe yourselves, but no one is warm, and he who earns wages earns wages to put them into a bag with holes in it." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)