|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Used to denote the means by which a door is bolted (Nehemiah 3:3); a rock in the sea (Jonah 2:6); the shore of the sea (Job 38:10); strong fortifications and powerful impediments, etc. (Isaiah 45:2; Amos 1:5); defences of a city (1 Kings 4:13). A bar for a door was of iron (Isaiah 45:2), brass (Psalm 107:16), or wood (Nahum 3:13).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and for various other purposes, but especially for a hindrance, obstruction, or fastening; as, the bars of a fence or gate; the bar of a door.
2. (n.) An indefinite quantity of some substance, so shaped as to be long in proportion to its breadth and thickness; as, a bar of gold or of lead; a bar of soap.
3. (n.) Anything which obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.
4. (n.) A bank of sand, gravel, or other matter, esp. at the mouth of a river or harbor, obstructing navigation.
5. (n.) Any railing that divides a room, or office, or hall of assembly, in order to reserve a space for those having special privileges; as, the bar of the House of Commons.
6. (n.) The railing that encloses the place which counsel occupy in courts of justice. Hence, the phrase at the bar of the court signifies in open court.
7. (n.) The place in court where prisoners are stationed for arraignment, trial, or sentence.
8. (n.) The whole body of lawyers licensed in a court or district; the legal profession.
9. (n.) A special plea constituting a sufficient answer to plaintiff's action.
10. (n.) Any tribunal; as, the bar of public opinion; the bar of God.
11. (n.) A barrier or counter, over which liquors and food are passed to customers; hence, the portion of the room behind the counter where liquors for sale are kept.
12. (n.) An ordinary, like a fess but narrower, occupying only one fifth part of the field.
13. (n.) A broad shaft, or band, or stripe; as, a bar of light; a bar of color.
14. (n.) A vertical line across the staff. Bars divide the staff into spaces which represent measures, and are themselves called measures.
15. (n.) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.
16. (n.) The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the center of the sole.
17. (n.) A drilling or tamping rod.
18. (n.) A vein or dike crossing a lode.
19. (n.) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.
20. (n.) A slender strip of wood which divides and supports the glass of a window; a sash bar.
21. (n.) To fasten with a bar; as, to bar a door or gate.
22. (n.) To restrict or confine, as if by a bar; to hinder; to obstruct; to prevent; to prohibit; as, to bar the entrance of evil; distance bars our intercourse; the statute bars my right; the right is barred by time; a release bars the plaintiff's recovery; -- sometimes with up.
23. (n.) To except; to exclude by exception.
24. (n.) To cross with one or more stripes or lines.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
bar (prefix): Aramaic for the Hebrew ben, "son." Compare Aramaic sections of Ezra and Daniel. In the Old Testament the word is found three times in Proverbs 31:2 and once in Syriac Psalm 2:12 (Hier. translates "pure"). In the New Testament "Bar" is frequently employed as prefix to names of persons. Compare Barabbas; Bar-Jesus; Bar-Jonah; Barnabas; Barsabbas; Bartholomew; Bartimeus.
(1) beriach = "a bolt" (Exodus 26:26-29; Exodus 35:11; Exodus 36:31-34; 39:33:00; 40:18 Numbers 3:36; Numbers 4:31 Deuteronomy 3:5; Judges 16:3 1 Samuel 23:7 1 Kings 4:13 2 Chronicles 8:5; 2 Chronicles 14:7 Nehemiah 3:3, 6, 13-15 Job 38:10 "bars and doors" for the sea (the bank or shore of the sea); Psalm 107:16; Psalm 147:13 "the bars of thy gates": the walls of the city were now rebuilt and its gates only closed and barred by night (see Nehemiah 7:3); Proverbs 18:19, "bars of a castle"; Isaiah 45:2 Jeremiah 49:31; Jeremiah 51:30 Lamentations 2:9 Ezekiel 38:11): meaning "a rock in the sea" (Jonah 2:6).
(2) moT = "a staff," "stick," "pole" (Numbers 4:10, 12 margin); "strong fortification and great impediment" (Isaiah 45:2 Amos 1:5, "the bolt of Damascus": no need here to render prince, as some do (G. A. Smith in the place cited.)).
(3) badh = "staff," "part of body," "strength" (Job 17:16, "bars of Sheol": the gates of the world of the dead; compare Isaiah 38:10; some read, "Will the bars of Sheol fall?").
(4) meTil = "something hammered out, a (forged) bar" (Job 40:18).
See DOOR; GATE; HOUSE.
Frank E. Hirsch
Bar (27 Occurrences)
Matthew 16:17 Jesus answered him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Acts 13:6 When they had gone through the island to Paphos, they found a certain sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was Bar Jesus, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 12:19 You are imagining, all this time, that we are making our defense at your bar. In reality it is as in God's presence and in communion with Christ that we speak; but, dear friends, it is all with a view to your progress in goodness. (WEY)
1 Timothy 6:13 I charge you--as in the presence of God who gives life to all creatures, and of Christ Jesus who at the bar of Pontius Pilate made a noble profession of faith-- (WEY)
Exodus 26:28 The middle bar in the midst of the boards shall pass through from end to end. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 36:33 He made the middle bar to pass through in the midst of the boards from the one end to the other. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 4:10 And they shall put it and all the vessels thereof within a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put it upon a bar. (KJV JPS WBS YLT NAS)
Numbers 4:12 And they shall take all the instruments of ministry, wherewith they minister in the sanctuary, and put them in a cloth of blue, and cover them with a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put them on a bar: (KJV JPS WBS YLT NAS)
Deuteronomy 3:5 All these were cities fortified with high walls, gates, and bars; besides the unwalled towns a great many. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 7:21 I saw among the spoils a beautiful mantle of Shinar, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a golden bar of fifty shekels weight, and I coveted them and took them; and behold, they are hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. (DBY NAS RSV)
Joshua 7:24 Then Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the mantle, and the bar of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had; and they brought them up into the valley of Achor. (DBY NAS RSV)
Judges 16:3 Samson lay until midnight, and arose at midnight, and laid hold of the doors of the gate of the city, and the two posts, and plucked them up, bar and all, and put them on his shoulders, and carried them up to the top of the mountain that is before Hebron. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 23:7 It was told Saul that David had come to Keilah. Saul said, "God has delivered him into my hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that has gates and bars." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 4:13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars: (Root in KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 8:5 Also he built Beth Horon the upper, and Beth Horon the lower, fortified cities, with walls, gates, and bars; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 7:3 I said to them, Don't let the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot; and while they stand on guard, let them shut the doors, and you bar them: and appoint watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, everyone in his watch, and everyone to be over against his house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Job 38:10 marked out for it my bound, set bars and doors, (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 40:18 His bones are like tubes of brass. His limbs are like bars of iron. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 18:19 A brother offended is more difficult than a fortified city; and disputes are like the bars of a castle. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 5:5 I rose up to open to my beloved; And my hands droppeth with myrrh, And my fingers with liquid myrrh, Upon the handles of the bolt. (See JPS)
Isaiah 9:4 For by your hand the yoke on his neck and the rod on his back, even the rod of his cruel master, have been broken, as in the day of Midian. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 28:10 Then Hananiah the prophet took the bar from off the prophet Jeremiah's neck, and broke it. (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
Jeremiah 28:12 Then the word of Yahweh came to Jeremiah, after that Hananiah the prophet had broken the bar from off the neck of the prophet Jeremiah, saying, (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
Jeremiah 49:31 Arise, go up to a nation that is at ease, that dwells without care, says Yahweh; that have neither gates nor bars, that dwell alone. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 38:11 and you shall say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to those who are at rest, who dwell securely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Amos 1:5 I will break the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the valley of Aven, and him who holds the scepter from the house of Eden; and the people of Syria shall go into captivity to Kir," says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Nahum 1:13 Now will I break his yoke from off you, and will burst your bonds apart." (See NAS)