|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (a.) Of little, or less than the usual, height; Of low growth; as, base shrubs.
2. (a.) Low in place or position.
3. (a.) of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean.
4. (a.) Illegitimate by birth; bastard.
5. (a.) of little comparative value, as metal inferior to gold and silver, the precious metals.
6. (a.) Alloyed with inferior metal; debased; as, base coin; base bullion.
7. (a.) Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations.
8. (a.) Not classical or correct.
9. (a.) Deep or grave in sound; as, the base tone of a violin.
10. (a.) Not held by honorable service; as, a base estate, one held by services not honorable; held by villenage. Such a tenure is called base, or low, and the tenant, a base tenant.
11. (n.) The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue.
12. (n.) Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork.
13. (n.) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented.
14. (n.) The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration.
15. (n.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support.
16. (n.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.
17. (n.) The chief ingredient in a compound.
18. (n.) A substance used as a mordant.
19. (n.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary line which connects the salient angles of two adjacent bastions.
20. (n.) The line or surface constituting that part of a figure on which it is supposed to stand.
21. (n.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms.
22. (n.) A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base.
23. (n.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc.
24. (n.) The smallest kind of cannon.
25. (n.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ.
26. (n.) The basal plane of a crystal.
27. (n.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystalline.
28. (n.) The lower part of the field. See Escutcheon.
29. (n.) The housing of a horse.
30. (n.) A kind of skirt (often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.
31. (n.) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.
32. (n.) An apron.
33. (n.) The point or line from which a start is made; a starting place or a goal in various games.
34. (n.) A line in a survey which, being accurately determined in length and position, serves as the origin from which to compute the distances and positions of any points or objects connected with it by a system of triangles.
35. (n.) A rustic play; -- called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars.
36. (n.) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield.
37. (n.) To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon.
38. (v.) To abase; to let, or cast, down; to lower.
39. (v.) To reduce the value of; to debase.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) Substantive from Latin basis, Greek basis, a foundation.
(a) (mekhonah): the fixed resting-place on which the lavers in Solomon's temple were set (1 Kings 7:27-43 2 Kings 16:17; 2 Kings 25:13, 16 2 Chronicles 4:14 Jeremiah 27:19; Jeremiah 52:17, 20; compare Ezra 3:3 Zechariah 5:11 the American Revised Version, margin).
(b) (ken): pedestal in the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) (1 Kings 7:29, 31) and in the Revised Version (British and American) only (Exodus 30:18, 28; Exodus 31:9; Exodus 35:16; Exodus 38:8; 39:39:00; 40:11 Leviticus 8:11) of the base of the laver of the tabernacle (the King James Version "foot").
(c) (yarekh): "base of candlestick" (the Revised Version (British and American) of Exodus 25:31; Exodus 37:17) the King James Version "shaft."
(d) (yecodh): the Revised Version (British and American) "base of altar"; the King James Version "bottom" (Exodus 29:12; Exodus 38:8 Leviticus 4:7, 18, 25, 30, 34; Leviticus 5:9; Leviticus 8:15; Leviticus 9:9).
(e) (gabh): the Revised Version (British and American) "elevation," i.e. basement of altar; the King James Version "higher place" (Ezekiel 43:13).
(2) Adjective from French bas-low, or Welsh bas-"shallow": of lowly birth or station, of voluntary humility and of moral depravity.
(a) (shaphal, shephal): of David's self-humiliation (2 Samuel 6:22): "a modest unambitious kingdom" (Ezekiel 17:14; Ezekiel 29:14, 15 (BDB); Daniel 4:17 (the American Standard Revised Version "lowest")): compare shephelah = "lowland."
(b) (qalah): men of humble birth and station as opposed to the nobles (Isaiah 3:5).
(c) (beli-shem): "nameless," "of no account": "children of fools, yea, children of base men" (Job 30:8).
(d) the King James Version men, sons, daughters, children of Belial; literally "worthless persons"; in the American Standard Revised Version "base," except 1 Samuel 1:16 "wicked woman"; also the English Revised Version of Deuteronomy 13:13, "base," which elsewhere retains the King James Version rendering.
(e) (tapeinos): "lowly," "humble or abject" (2 Corinthians 10:1); the Revised Version (British and American), "lowly"; so Paul's enemies said he appeared when present in the church at Corinth.
(f) (agenes): "of low birth," "of no account" (1 Corinthians 1:28): "base things of the world."
(g) (agoraios): "belonging to the market-place," loafers, worthless characters (Acts 17:5): "certain lewd fellows of the baser sort"; the Revised Version (British and American) "certain vile fellows of the rabble."
Base (127 Occurrences)
Luke 6:49 But he who gives hearing, without doing, is like a man building a house on the earth without a base for it; and when the force of the river came against it, straight away it came down; and the destruction of that house was great. (BBE)
Acts 16:26 And suddenly there was an earth-shock, so that the base of the prison was moved: and all the doors came open, and everyone's chains came off. (BBE)
Romans 1:28 Even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting; (See RSV)
1 Corinthians 1:28 And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: (KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS)
1 Corinthians 3:10 In the measure of the grace given to me, I, as a wise master-builder, have put the base in position, and another goes on building on it. But let every man take care what he puts on it. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 3:11 For there is no other base for the building but that which has been put down, which is Jesus Christ. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 3:12 But on the base a man may put gold, silver, stones of great price, wood, dry grass, cut stems; (BBE)
2 Corinthians 10:1 Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent am bold toward you: (KJV WBS)
Ephesians 2:20 Resting on the base of the Apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief keystone, (BBE)
1 Timothy 3:8 Deacons, in the same way, must be men of serious demeanour, not double-tongued, nor addicted to much wine, nor greedy of base gain, (WEY DBY)
1 Timothy 3:15 But if I am long in coming, this will make clear to you what behaviour is right for men in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and base of what is true. (BBE DBY)
1 Timothy 6:4 he is conceited, knowing nothing, but obsessed with arguments, disputes, and word battles, from which come envy, strife, reviling, evil suspicions, (See RSV)
2 Timothy 2:19 But God's strong base is unchanging, having this sign, The Lord has knowledge of those who are his: and, Let everyone by whom the name of the Lord is named be turned away from evil. (BBE)
Titus 1:7 For the overseer must be free from all charge against him as God's steward; not headstrong, not passionate, not disorderly through wine, not a striker, not seeking gain by base means; (DBY)
Titus 1:11 who must have their mouths stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which ought not to be taught for the sake of base gain. (DBY RSV)
Hebrews 1:10 You, Lord, at the first did put the earth on its base, and the heavens are the works of your hands: (BBE)
1 Peter 2:16 Be free men, and yet do not make your freedom an excuse for base conduct, but be God's bondservants. (WEY)
1 Peter 5:2 Be shepherds of God's flock which is among you. Exercise the oversight not reluctantly but eagerly, in accordance with the will of God; not for base gain but with cheerful minds; (WEY DBY)
Revelation 21:27 And no unclean thing shall ever enter it, nor any one who is guilty of base conduct or tells lies, but only they whose names stand recorded in the Lamb's Book of Life. (WEY)
Exodus 25:31 "You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work shall the lampstand be made, even its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 26:24 The two are to be joined together at the base and at the top to one ring, forming the two angles. (BBE)
Exodus 29:12 You shall take of the blood of the bull, and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger; and you shall pour out all the blood at the base of the altar. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:18 "You shall also make a basin of brass, and its base of brass, in which to wash. You shall put it between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and you shall put water in it. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 30:28 the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils, and the basin with its base. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT RSV)
Exodus 31:9 the altar of burnt offering with all its vessels, the basin and its base, (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT RSV)
Exodus 35:16 the altar of burnt offering, with its grating of brass, it poles, and all its vessels, the basin and its base; (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT RSV)
Exodus 36:29 These were joined together at the base and at the top to one ring, so forming the two angles. (BBE)
Exodus 37:17 He made the lampstand of pure gold. He made the lampstand of beaten work. Its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers were of one piece with it. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 38:8 He made the basin of brass, and its base of brass, out of the mirrors of the ministering women who ministered at the door of the Tent of Meeting. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 39:39 the bronze altar, its grating of brass, its poles, all of its vessels, the basin and its base, (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT RSV)
Exodus 40:11 You shall anoint the basin and its base, and sanctify it. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT RSV)
Leviticus 4:7 The priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before Yahweh, which is in the Tent of Meeting; and he shall pour out all of rest of the blood of the bull at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 4:18 He shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar which is before Yahweh, that is in the Tent of Meeting; and the rest of the blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering, which is at the door of the Tent of Meeting. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 4:25 The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering. He shall pour out the rest of its blood at the base of the altar of burnt offering. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 4:30 The priest shall take some of its blood with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering; and the rest of its blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 4:34 The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it on the horns of the altar of burnt offering; and all the rest of its blood he shall pour out at the base of the altar. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 5:9 He shall sprinkle some of the blood of the sin offering on the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be drained out at the base of the altar. It is a sin offering. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:11 He sprinkled it on the altar seven times, and anointed the altar and all its vessels, and the basin and its base, to sanctify them. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT RSV)
Leviticus 8:15 He killed it; and Moses took the blood, and put it around on the horns of the altar with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar, and sanctified it, to make atonement for it. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 9:9 The sons of Aaron presented the blood to him; and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it on the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar: (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 8:4 This was the workmanship of the lampstand, beaten work of gold. From its base to its flowers, it was beaten work: according to the pattern which Yahweh had shown Moses, so he made the lampstand. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain base fellows are gone out from the midst of you, and have drawn away the inhabitants of their city, saying, "Let us go and serve other gods," which you have not known; (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there not be a base thought in your heart, saying, "The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand;" and your eye be evil against your poor brother, and you give him nothing; and he cry to Yahweh against you, and it be sin to you. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV)
Judges 9:49 All the people likewise each cut down his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put them at the base of the stronghold, and set the stronghold on fire on them; so that all the people of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women. (WEB)
Judges 19:22 As they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain base fellows, surrounded the house, beating at the door; and they spoke to the master of the house, the old man, saying, "Bring out the man who came into your house, that we may have sex with him!" (WEB JPS ASV DBY RSV)
Judges 20:13 Now therefore deliver up the men, the base fellows, who are in Gibeah, that we may put them to death, and put away evil from Israel." But Benjamin would not listen to the voice of their brothers the children of Israel. (WEB JPS ASV DBY RSV)
1 Samuel 1:16 Don't count your handmaid for a wicked woman; for I have been speaking out of the abundance of my complaint and my provocation." (See RSV)
1 Samuel 2:8 Lifting the poor out of the dust, and him who is in need out of the lowest place, to give them their place among rulers, and for their heritage the seat of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the Lord's and he has made them the base of the world. (BBE)
1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were base men; they didn't know Yahweh. (WEB JPS ASV)
1 Samuel 5:4 And when they got up early on the morning after, Dagon had come down to the earth on his face before the ark of the Lord; and his head and his hands were broken off on the doorstep; only the base was in its place. (BBE)
1 Samuel 7:17 And his base was at Ramah, where his house was; there he was judge of Israel and there he made an altar to the Lord. (BBE)
1 Samuel 10:27 But certain worthless fellows said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no present. But he held his peace. (See JPS)
1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his house: for he is such a worthless fellow, that one cannot speak to him. (See JPS)
1 Samuel 25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this worthless fellow, even Nabal; for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I thy handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send. (See JPS)
1 Samuel 30:22 Then all the wicked men and base fellows, of those who went with David, answered and said, "Because they didn't go with us, we will not give them anything of the spoil that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children, that he may lead them away, and depart." (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
2 Samuel 6:22 I will be yet more vile than this, and will be base in my own sight. But of the handmaids of whom you have spoken, they shall honor me." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
2 Samuel 13:13 And I, whither shall I carry my shame? and as for thee, thou wilt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee. (See JPS)
2 Samuel 16:7 Shimei said when he cursed, "Be gone, be gone, you man of blood, and base fellow! (WEB JPS ASV)
2 Samuel 20:1 There happened to be there a base fellow, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew the trumpet, and said, "We have no portion in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse. Every man to his tents, Israel!" (WEB JPS ASV)
1 Kings 5:17 By the king's orders great stones, stones of high price, were cut out, so that the base of the house might be made of squared stone. (BBE)
1 Kings 6:37 In the fourth year the base of the house was put in its place, in the month Ziv. (BBE)
1 Kings 7:9 All these buildings were made, inside and out, from base to crowning stone, and outside to the great walled square, of highly priced stone, cut to different sizes with cutting-instruments. (BBE)
1 Kings 7:10 And the base was of great masses of highly priced stone, some ten cubits and some eight cubits square. (BBE)
1 Kings 7:27 He made the ten bases of brass; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits its breadth, and three cubits its height. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:28 The work of the bases was on this manner: they had panels; and there were panels between the ledges; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:30 Every base had four bronze wheels, and axles of brass; and the four feet of it had supports: beneath the basin were the supports molten, with wreaths at the side of each. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:31 And the mouth of it within the chapiter and above was a cubit: but the mouth thereof was round after the work of the base, a cubit and an half: and also upon the mouth of it were gravings with their borders, foursquare, not round. (KJV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
1 Kings 7:32 The four wheels were underneath the panels; and the axles of the wheels were in the base: and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:34 There were four supports at the four corners of each base: its supports were of the base itself. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:35 In the top of the base was there a round compass half a cubit high; and on the top of the base its stays and its panels were of the same. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:38 He made ten basins of brass: one basin contained forty baths; and every basin was four cubits; and on every one of the ten bases one basin. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 16:34 In his days Hiel made Jericho; he put its base in position at the price of Abiram, his oldest son, and he put its doors in place at the price of his youngest son Segub; even as the Lord had said by Joshua, the son of Nun. (BBE)
1 Kings 21:10 Set two men, base fellows, before him, and let them testify against him, saying,'You cursed God and the king!' Then carry him out, and stone him to death." (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
1 Kings 21:13 The two men, the base fellows, came in and sat before him. The base fellows testified against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, "Naboth cursed God and the king!" Then they carried him out of the city, and stoned him to death with stones. (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
2 Kings 16:17 King Ahaz cut off the panels of the bases, and removed the basin from off them, and took down the sea from off the bronze oxen that were under it, and put it on a pavement of stone. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NIV)
2 Chronicles 3:3 And Solomon put the base of the house of God in position; by the older measure it was sixty cubits long and twenty cubits wide. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 8:16 And all the work of Solomon was complete, from the day when he put the base of the Lord's house in position, till Solomon had come to the end of building the Lord's house. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 13:7 There were gathered to him worthless men, base fellows, who strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them. (WEB JPS ASV)
Ezra 2:68 And some of the heads of the fathers in their coming in to the house of Jehovah that 'is' in Jerusalem, have offered willingly for the house of God, to establish it on its base; (YLT)
Ezra 3:3 They set the altar on its base; for fear was on them because of the peoples of the countries: and they offered burnt offerings thereon to Yahweh, even burnt offerings morning and evening. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Ezra 3:6 From the first day of the seventh month they made a start with the burned offerings, but the base of the Temple of the Lord had still not been put in its place. (BBE)
Ezra 3:10 And when the builders put in position the base of the Temple of the Lord, the priests, dressed in their robes, took their places with horns, and the Levites, the sons of Asaph, with brass instruments, to give praise to the Lord in the way ordered by David, king of Israel. (BBE)
Ezra 3:11 And they gave praise to the Lord, answering one another in their songs and saying, For he is good, for his mercy to Israel is eternal. And all the people gave a great cry of joy, when they gave praise to the Lord, because the base of the Lord's house was put in place. (BBE)
Ezra 3:12 But a number of the priests and Levites and the heads of families, old men who had seen the first house, when the base of this house was put down before their eyes, were overcome with weeping; and a number were crying out with joy: (BBE)
Ezra 4:12 We give news to the king that the Jews who came from you have come to us at Jerusalem; they are building up again that uncontrolled and evil town; the walls are complete and they are joining up the bases. (Root in BBE YLT)
Job 28:9 He puts forth his hand on the flinty rock, and he overturns the mountains by the roots. (See NAS)
Job 30:8 They are children of fools, yes, children of base men. They were flogged out of the land. (WEB KJV ASV WBS NIV)
Job 31:22 May my arm be pulled from my body, and be broken from its base. (BBE)
Job 34:18 Him that saith to a king, Thou art vile, Or to nobles, Ye are wicked; (See JPS)
Job 38:4 Where were you when I put the earth on its base? Say, if you have knowledge. (BBE)
Psalms 39:8 Deliver me from all my transgressions: Make me not the reproach of the foolish. (See JPS)
Psalms 74:18 Remember this, that the enemy hath reproached, O Jehovah, And that a foolish people hath blasphemed thy name. (See JPS)
Psalms 74:22 Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: Remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee all the day. (See JPS)
Psalms 101:3 I will set no base thing before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; It shall not cleave unto me. (ASV JPS RSV)
Psalms 102:25 In the past you put the earth on its base, and the heavens are the work of your hands. (BBE)
Psalms 137:7 O Lord, keep in mind against the children of Edom the day of Jerusalem; how they said, Let it be uncovered, uncovered even to its base. (BBE)
Song of Songs 3:10 He made its pillars of silver, its base of gold, its seat of purple, the middle of it of ebony. (BBE NIV)
Song of Songs 5:15 His legs are as pillars of stone on a base of delicate gold; his looks are as Lebanon, beautiful as the cedar-tree. (BBE DBY RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 8:9 If she is a wall, we will make on her a strong base of silver; and if she is a door, we will let her be shut up with cedar-wood. (BBE)
Isaiah 3:5 The people will be oppressed, everyone by another, and everyone by his neighbor. The child will behave himself proudly against the old man, and the base against the honorable. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)