|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
There are five different Hebrew words so rendered in the Authorized Version:
(1.) A basket (Hebrews sal, a twig or osier) for holding bread (Genesis 40:16; Exodus 29:3, 23; Leviticus 8:2, 26, 31; Numbers 6:15, 17, 19). Sometimes baskets were made of twigs peeled; their manufacture was a recognized trade among the Hebrews.
(2.) That used (Hebrews salsilloth') in gathering grapes (Jeremiah 6:9).
(3.) That in which the first fruits of the harvest were presented, Hebrews tene, (Deuteronomy 26:2, 4). It was also used for household purposes. In form it tapered downwards like that called corbis by the Romans.
(4.) A basket (Hebrews kelub) having a lid, resembling a bird-cage. It was made of leaves or rushes. The name is also applied to fruit-baskets (Amos 8:1, 2).
(5.) A basket (Hebrews dud) for carrying figs (Jeremiah 24:2), also clay to the brick-yard (R.V., Psalm 81:6), and bulky articles (2 Kings 10:7). This word is also rendered in the Authorized Version "kettle" (1 Samuel 2:14), "caldron" (2 Chronicles 35:13), "seething-pot" (Job 41:20).
In the New Testament mention is made of the basket (Gr. kophinos, small "wicker-basket") for the "fragments" in the miracle recorded Mark 6:43, and in that recorded Matthew 15:37 (Gr. spuris, large "rope-basket"); also of the basket in which Paul escaped (Acts 9:25, Gr. spuris; 2 Corinthians 11: 33, Gr. sargane, "basket of plaited cords").
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A vessel made of osiers or other twigs, cane, rushes, splints, or other flexible material, interwoven.
2. (n.) The contents of a basket; as much as a basket contains; as, a basket of peaches.
3. (n.) The bell or vase of the Corinthian capital.
4. (n.) The two back seats facing one another on the outside of a stagecoach.
5. (v. t.) To put into a basket.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
bas'-ket: Four kinds of "baskets" come to view in the Old Testament under the Hebrew names, dudh, Tene', cal and kelubh. There is little, however, in these names, or in the narratives where they are found, to indicate definitely what the differences of size and shape and use were. The Mishna renders us some help in our uncertainty, giving numerous names and descriptions of "baskets" in use among the ancient Hebrews (see Kreugel, Dasse Hausgerat in der Mishna, 39-45). They were variously m ade of willow, rush, palm-leaf, etc., and were used for various purposes, domestic and agricultural, for instance, in gathering and serving fruit, collecting alms in kind for the poor, etc. Some had handles, others lids, some both, others neither.
1. Meaning of Old Testament Terms:
(1) Dudh was probably a generic term for various kinds of baskets. It was probably the "basket" in which the Israelites in Egypt carried the clay for bricks (compare Psalm 81:6, where it is used as a symbol of Egyptian bondage), and such as the Egyptians themselves used for that purpose (Wilkinson, Ancient Egyptians, I, 379), probably a large, shallow basket, made of wicker-work. It stood for a basket that was used in fruit-gathering (see Jeremiah 24:1), but how it differed from Amos' "basket of summer fruit" (Amos 8:1) we do not know. Dudh is used for the "pot" in which meat was boiled (1 Samuel 2:14), showing probably that a pot-shaped "basket" was known by this name. Then it seems to have stood for a basket tapering toward the bottom like the calathus of the Romans. So we seem forced to conclude that the term was generic, not specific.
(2) The commonest basket in use in Old Testament times was the cal. It was the "basket" in which the court-baker of Egypt carried about his confectionery on his head (Genesis 40:16). It was made in later times at least of peeled willows, or palm leaves, and was sometimes at least large and flat like the canistrum of the Romans, and, like it, was used for carrying bread and other articles of food (Genesis 40:16 Judges 6:19). Meat for the meat offerings and the unleavened bread, were placed in it (Exodus 29:3 Leviticus 8:2 Numbers 6:15). It is expressly required that the unleavened cakes be placed and offered in such a "basket." While a "basket," it was dish-shaped, larger or smaller in size, it would seem, according to demand, and perhaps of finer texture than the dudh.
(3) The Tene' was a large, deep basket, in which grain and other products of garden or field were carried home, and kept (Deuteronomy 28:5, 17), in which the first-fruits were preserved (Deuteronomy 26:2), and the tithes transported to the sanctuary (Deuteronomy 26:2 f). It has been thought probable that the chabya, the basket of clay and straw of the Palestine peasantry of today, is a sort of survival or counterpart of it. It has the general shape of a jar, and is used for storing and keeping wheat, barley, oats, etc. At the top is the mouth into which the grain is poured, and at the bottom is an orifice through which it can be taken out as needed, when the opening is again closed with a rag. The Septuagint translates Tene' by kartallos, which denotes a basket of the shape of an inverted cone.
(4) The term kelubh, found in Amos 8:1 for a "fruit-basket," is used in Jeremiah 5:27 (the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "cage") for a bird-cage. But it is not at all unreasonable to suppose that a coarsely woven basket with a cover would be used by a fowler to carry home his feathered captives.
2. Meaning of New Testament Terms:
In the New Testament interest centers in two kinds of "basket," distinguished by the evangelists in their accounts of the feeding of the 5,000 and of the 4,000, called in Greek kophinos and spuris (Westcott-Hort sphuris).
(1) The kophinos (Matthew 14:20 Mark 6:43 Luke 9:17 John 6:13) may be confidently identified with the kuphta' of the Mishna which was provided with a cord for a handle by means of which it could be carried on the back with such provisions as the disciples on the occasions under consideration would naturally have with them (of Kreugel, and Broadus, Commentary in the place cited.). The Jews of Juvenal's day carried such a specific "provision-basket" with them on their journeys regularly, and the Latin for it is a transliteration of this Greek word, cophinus (compare Juvenal iii.14, and Jastrow, Dictionary, article "Basket"). Some idea of its size may be drawn from the fact that in CIG, 1625, 46, the word denotes a Beotian measure of about two gallons.
(2) The sphuris or spuris (Matthew 15:37 Mark 8:8) we may be sure, from its being used in letting Paul down from the wall at Damascus (Acts 9:25, etc.), was considerably larger than the kophinos and quite different in shape and uses. It might for distinction fitly be rendered "hamper," as Professor Kennedy suggests. Certainly neither the Greek nor ancient usage justifies any confusion.
(3) The sargane (2 Corinthians 11:33) means anything plaited, or sometimes more specifically a fish-basket.
George B. Eager
Basket (40 Occurrences)
Matthew 5:15 Neither do you light a lamp, and put it under a measuring basket, but on a stand; and it shines to all who are in the house. (WEB NAS)
Mark 4:21 He said to them, "Is the lamp brought to be put under a basket or under a bed? Isn't it put on a stand? (WEB NAS)
Luke 11:33 "No one, when he has lit a lamp, puts it in a cellar or under a basket, but on a stand, that those who come in may see the light. (WEB NAS)
Acts 9:25 but his disciples took him by night, and let him down through the wall, lowering him in a basket. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 11:33 Through a window I was let down in a basket by the wall, and escaped his hands. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 31:34 Now Rachel had taken the images, and had put them in the camels' basket, and was seated on them. And Laban, searching through all the tent, did not come across them. (BBE)
Genesis 40:17 In the uppermost basket there was all kinds of baked food for Pharaoh, and the birds ate them out of the basket on my head." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 2:3 When she could no longer hide him, she took a papyrus basket for him, and coated it with tar and with pitch. She put the child in it, and laid it in the reeds by the river's bank. (WEB BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 2:5 Pharaoh's daughter came down to bathe at the river. Her maidens walked along by the riverside. She saw the basket among the reeds, and sent her handmaid to get it. (WEB BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:3 You shall put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:23 and one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread that is before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:32 Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, at the door of the Tent of Meeting. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:2 "Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and the bull of the sin offering, and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:26 and out of the basket of unleavened bread, that was before Yahweh, he took one unleavened cake, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat, and on the right thigh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:31 Moses said to Aaron and to his sons, "Boil the flesh at the door of the Tent of Meeting, and there eat it and the bread that is in the basket of consecration, as I commanded, saying,'Aaron and his sons shall eat it.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 6:15 and a basket of unleavened bread, cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and their meal offering, and their drink offerings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 6:17 He shall offer the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings to Yahweh, with the basket of unleavened bread. The priest shall offer also its meal offering, and its drink offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 6:19 The priest shall take the boiled shoulder of the ram, and one unleavened cake out of the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them on the hands of the Nazirite, after he has shaved the head of his separation; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 23:24 When you come into your neighbor's vineyard, then you may eat of grapes your fill at your own pleasure; but you shall not put any in your vessel. (See NAS NIV)
Deuteronomy 26:2 that you shall take of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which you shall bring in from your land that Yahweh your God gives you; and you shall put it in a basket, and shall go to the place which Yahweh your God shall choose, to cause his name to dwell there. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 26:4 The priest shall take the basket out of your hand, and set it down before the altar of Yahweh your God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 26:10 Now, behold, I have brought the first of the fruit of the ground, which you, Yahweh, have given me." You shall set it down before Yahweh your God, and worship before Yahweh your God. (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:5 Your basket and your kneading trough shall be blessed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:17 Your basket and your kneading trough shall be cursed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 6:19 Gideon went in, and prepared a young goat, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of meal. He put the meat in a basket and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it out to him under the oak, and presented it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 81:6 "I removed his shoulder from the burden. His hands were freed from the basket. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 126:6 Whoso goeth on and weepeth, Bearing the basket of seed, Surely cometh in with singing, bearing his sheaves! (YLT)
Isaiah 30:24 And the oxen and the young asses which are used for ploughing, will have salted grain which has been made free from the waste with fork and basket. (BBE)
Isaiah 30:28 And his breath is as an overflowing stream, coming up even to the neck, shaking the nations for their destruction, like the shaking of grain in a basket: and he will put a cord in the mouths of the people, turning them out of their way. (BBE)
Isaiah 40:12 In the hollow of whose hand have the waters been measured? and who is able to take the heavens in his stretched-out fingers? who has got together the dust of the earth in a measure? who has taken the weight of the mountains, or put the hills into the scales? (See NIV)
Jeremiah 5:27 As the fowl-house is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: for this reason they have become great and have got wealth. (See RSV)
Jeremiah 24:2 One basket had very good figs, like the figs that are first-ripe; and the other basket had very bad figs, which could not be eaten, they were so bad. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Amos 8:1 Thus the Lord Yahweh showed me: behold, a basket of summer fruit. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Amos 8:2 He said, "Amos, what do you see?" I said, "A basket of summer fruit." Then Yahweh said to me, "The end has come on my people Israel. I will not again pass by them any more. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Zechariah 5:6 I said, "What is it?" He said, "This is the ephah basket that is appearing." He said moreover, "This is their appearance in all the land (WEB NIV)
Zechariah 5:7 (and behold, a talent of lead was lifted up); and this is a woman sitting in the midst of the ephah basket." (WEB NIV)
Zechariah 5:8 He said, "This is Wickedness;" and he threw her down into the midst of the ephah basket; and he threw the weight of lead on its mouth. (WEB NIV)
Zechariah 5:9 Then lifted I up my eyes, and saw, and behold, there were two women, and the wind was in their wings. Now they had wings like the wings of a stork, and they lifted up the ephah basket between earth and the sky. (WEB NIV)
Zechariah 5:10 Then said I to the angel who talked with me, "Where are these carrying the ephah basket?" (WEB NIV)
Zechariah 5:11 And he saith unto me, 'To build to it a house in the land of Shinar.' And it hath been prepared and hath been placed there on its base. (See NIV)