|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(Hebrews mittah), for rest at night (Exodus 8:3; 1 Samuel 19:13, 15, 16, etc.); during sickness (Genesis 47:31; 48:2; 49:33, etc.); as a sofa for rest (1 Samuel 28:23; Amos 3:12). Another Hebrew word (er'es) so rendered denotes a canopied bed, or a bed with curtains (Deuteronomy 3:11; Psalm 132:3), for sickness (Psalm 6:6; 41:3).
In the New Testament it denotes sometimes a litter with a coverlet (Matthew 9:2, 6; Luke 5:18; Acts 5:15).
The Jewish bedstead was frequently merely the divan or platform along the sides of the house, sometimes a very slight portable frame, sometimes only a mat or one or more quilts. The only material for bed-clothes is mentioned in 1 Samuel 19:13. Sleeping in the open air was not uncommon, the sleeper wrapping himself in his outer garment (Exodus 22:26, 27; Deuteronomy 24:12, 13).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.
2. (n.) (Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.
3. (n.) A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.
4. (n.) A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals.
5. (n.) The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as, the bed of a river.
6. (n.) A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.
7. (n.) See Gun carriage, and Mortar bed.
8. (n.) The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the upper and lower beds.
9. (n.) A course of stone or brick in a wall.
10. (n.) The place or material in which a block or brick is laid.
11. (n.) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.
12. (n.) The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid or supported; as, the bed of an engine.
13. (n.) The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.
14. (n.) The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.
15. (v. t.) To place in a bed.
16. (v. t.) To make partaker of one's bed; to cohabit with.
17. (v. t.) To furnish with a bed or bedding.
18. (v. t.) To plant or arrange in beds; to set, or cover, as in a bed of soft earth; as, to bed the roots of a plant in mold.
19. (v. t.) To lay or put in any hollow place, or place of rest and security, surrounded or enclosed; to embed; to furnish with or place upon a bed or foundation; as, to bed a stone; it was bedded on a rock.
20. (v. t.) To dress or prepare the surface of stone) so as to serve as a bed.
21. (v. t.) To lay flat; to lay in order; to place in a horizontal or recumbent position.
22. (v. i.) To go to bed; to cohabit.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BED; BEDCHAMBER; BEDSTEAD
For the very poor of the East, in ancient times as now, the "bed" was and is, as a rule, the bare ground; and the bedclothes, the gown, simlah, or "outer garment," worn during the day ("For that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep?" (Exodus 22:27); compare Deuteronomy 24:13, "Thou shalt surely restore to him the pledge when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his garment").
When one was on a journey, or watching his flock by night as a shepherd, such a "bed" was the most natural, and often a stone would serve as a pillow. (See Genesis 28:11, where Jacob "took one of the stones of the place, and put it under his head, and lay down in that place to sleep.")
An advance on this custom, which came in due course of time, or under change of circumstances, was the use of a mat on the floor as a bed, with or without covering. At first it was literally laid on the floor, which was generally of one common level, in some convenient place near the wall; but later it was put on an elevation, either a raised part of the floor on one side, or a bedstead, which gave rise to the expression "going up to the bed" (compare Genesis 49:33 English Versions of the Bible, "He gathered up his feet into the bed," and Psalm 132:3, "go up into my bed").
1. Old Testament Terms for Bed, and Sleeping Customs of the Hebrews:
With a later development and civilization, "beds" came to be built upon supports and constructed in different forms, which fact is reflected in the variety of names given the "bed" in the Hebrew and related languages.
(1) The following Hebrew words are used in the Bible for "bed," and, though it is impossible at this remove of time and place and custom to differentiate them sharply, they will repay study: miTTah (Genesis 48:2, "And Israel strengthened himself and sat upon the bed"; Exodus 8:3, "frogs. shall come into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed"); mishkabh, compare (Genesis 49:4, Jacob to Reuben: "Because thou wentest up to thy father's bed; then defiledst thou it"); `eres (Proverbs 7:16, the "strange woman" says: "I have spread my couch with carpets of tapestry"; compare Psalm 41:3, "Thou makest all his bed in his sickness"); matstsa` (once only, Isaiah 28:20, "For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it; and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it"); and yetsua` (Job 17:13, "I have spread my couch in the darkness"; 1 Chronicles 5:1, "He defiled his father's couch"; compare Genesis 49:4 where the same "father's bed" is mishkabh; Psalm 63:6, "when I remember thee upon my bed"; Psalm 132:3, "nor go up into my bed").
(2) It is a far cry from the simple sleeping customs of Deuteronomy 24:13 to the luxurious arts and customs of the post-exilic days, when beds of fine wood and ivory are found in use among the Hebrews, as well as pillows of the most costly materials elaborately embroidered (see Judith 10:21; Esther 1:6; compare Songs 3:10); but it all came about as a natural, as well as artificial development, with changed conditions and contacts and increasing civilization and luxury. As marking the several stages of that development, we find pictures of the poor, first sleeping upon the ground without mat or mattress, then in a single sleeping-room for the whole family, often without a separate bed, then with "beds" that were simply wadded quilts, or thin mattresses, and mats for keeping them off the ground; then with still better "beds" laid upon light portable, wooden frames, or upon more elevated bedsteads (compare Psalm 132:3 and Mark 4:21 the Revised Version (British and American) "under the bed"). The degree of richness depended, of course, upon time and place, in a measure, but more upon the wealth and station of the family and the style of the house or tent in which they lived, as it does even with the Bedouin of today. The prophet Amos gives a vivid and significant picture of the luxury of certain children of Israel, "that sit in Samaria in the corner of a couch, and on the silken cushions of a bed" (Amos 3:12); and of certain children of luxury "that lie upon beds of ivory, and stretch themselves upon their couches, and eat the lambs out of the flock. that drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief oils; but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph" (Amos 6:4-6; compare Revelation 18:10-13).
(3) We find that the poor, while sleeping for the most part in their ordinary clothing, often, in cold weather, made their beds of the skins of animals, old cloaks, or rugs, as they do still in the East. The "beds" and "bedding" now in ordinary use among Orientals are much the same, we may be sure, as they were in olden times. "Bedsteads" of any pretention were and are rare among the common people; but the richness of "beds" and "bedsteads" among Asiatics of wealth and rank was quite equal to that of the Greeks and Romans (compare Proverbs 7:16, 17, "I have spread my couch with carpets of tapestry, with striped cloths of the yarn of Egypt. I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon"); Songs 1:16, 17: "The beams of our house are cedars, and our rafters are firs. also our couch is green." Compare the "palanquin" of Solomon, "of the wood of Lebanon," "the pillars thereof of silver," "the bottom of gold," and "the seat of purple" (Songs 3:9, 10).
(4) As soon as any family could afford it, a special bedroom would be set apart, and the whole family would sleep in it (see Luke 11:5-8, "My children are with me in bed"). When the house had two stories the upper story was used for sleeping, or, during very hot weather, preferably the roof, or the room on the roof. See HOUSE. When morning came the "bed," a wadded quilt or mattress, used with or without covering according to the season, was rolled up, aired and sunned, and then put aside on the raised platform, or packed away in a chest or closet.
The words mishkabh and miTTah came to have a figurative meaning signifying the final resting-place; and `eres used of the "bedstead" of the King of Og (Deuteronomy 3:11) is thought by some to mean his sarcophagus (Benzinger, Hebrew Arch., 123; Nowack, I, 143). Genesis 47:31, "And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head" is not rightly rendered (see STAFF, and Crit. Commentary in the place cited.).
2. New Testament Terms for Bed, Their Meaning, etc.:
(1) We find several Greek words, kline, krabbatos, and koitte, used in the New Testament somewhat indiscriminately and rendered English Versions of the Bible by "bed," "couch," etc.; but, as with the Hebrew words noted, there is little to indicate just exactly what they severally stand for, or how they are related to the Hebrew terms rendered "bed" or "couch" in the Old Testament. Of one thing we can be sure, reasoning from what we know of "the unchanging East," the "beds" and sleeping customs of the Hebrews in Christ's time were in the main about what they were in later Old Testament times.
(2) An interesting case for study is that of the man "sick of the palsy" whom they brought to Jesus "lying on a bed," and who when healed "took up the bed, and went forth before them all" (Matthew 9:2, 6 Mark 2:4, 12 Luke 5:18, 19; compare John 5:8-12). Here the "bed" on which the sick of the palsy lay was let down from the housetop "through the tiles with his couch into the midst before Jesus" (Luke 5:18, 19); and when the man was healed Jesus commanded him, as Luke says, to "take up (his) couch and go unto (his) house," and he "took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his house, glorifying God" (Luke 5:24, 25). It seems, therefore, that this "bed" was a "pallet" and "couch" combined, a thin mattress upon a light portable frame, such as we have already seen was in use among the ancients. Another kindred case was that of the sick man at the pool of Bethesda (John 5:2) whom Jesus healed and commanded to "take up his bed and walk," and he "took up his bed and walked"; only in this case the "bed" is a "pallet" without the frame, it would seem.
(3) Jesus in His teaching (Mark 4:21; compare Luke 8:16) asks, in language which is significant in this connection: "Is the lamp brought to be put under. the bed?" (Luke 8:16: "No man, when he hath lighted a lamp, covereth it with a vessel, or putteth it under a bed"). Here, clearly, "the bed" is the "bedstead," bedclothes, draperies and all, under which "the lamp" would be obscured and hindered in its function of "giving light to all in the room." Again (Luke 17:34) Jesus says, "In that night there shall be two men on one bed," which is incidental evidence that the "beds" of that day were not all "pallets" or "couches" for one only (compare Luke 11:7, "My children are with me in bed"; Songs 1:16; Songs 3:10 Proverbs 7:16, 18).
(4) For figurative use in the prophets (e.g. Ezekiel 23:17) and in the New Testament (e.g. "Let the bed be undefiled," Hebrews 13:4), see commentaries in the place cited
George B. Eager
Bed (142 Occurrences)
Matthew 8:6 Saying, Lord, my servant is ill in bed at the house, with no power in his body, and in great pain. (BBE)
Matthew 8:14 After this Jesus went to the house of Peter, whose mother-in-law he found ill in bed with fever. (WEY BBE NAS NIV)
Matthew 9:2 Behold, they brought to him a man who was paralyzed, lying on a bed. Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the paralytic, "Son, cheer up! Your sins are forgiven you." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Matthew 9:6 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (then saith he to the sick of the palsy,) Arise, take up thy bed, and go unto thine house. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Mark 1:30 Now Simon's mother-in-law was ill in bed with a fever, and without delay they informed Him about her. (WEY NIV)
Mark 2:3 And four men came to him with one on a bed who had no power of moving. (BBE)
Mark 2:4 And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
Mark 2:9 Which is easier, to tell the paralytic,'Your sins are forgiven;' or to say,'Arise, and take up your bed, and walk?' (WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS)
Mark 2:11 I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
Mark 2:12 And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
Mark 4:21 He said to them, "Is the lamp brought to be put under a basket or under a bed? Isn't it put on a stand? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 4:27 and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should spring up and grow, he doesn't know how. (See NAS)
Mark 7:30 She went away to her house, and found the child having been laid on the bed, with the demon gone out. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 5:18 And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him. (KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV)
Luke 5:19 But when they could find no way of doing so because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down through the tiling--bed and all--into the midst, in front of Jesus. (WEY BBE RSV)
Luke 5:24 But to prove to you that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins" --Turning to the paralytic He said, "I bid you, Rise, take up your bed, and go home." (WEY BBE RSV)
Luke 5:25 And straight away he got up before them, and took up his bed and went away to his house giving praise to God. (BBE)
Luke 8:16 "No one, when he has lit a lamp, covers it with a container, or puts it under a bed; but puts it on a stand, that those who enter in may see the light. (WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 11:7 and he from within will answer and say,'Don't bother me. The door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I can't get up and give it to you'? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 17:34 I tell you, in that night there will be two people in one bed. The one will be taken, and the other will be left. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
John 5:8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
John 5:9 And immediately the man was made whole, and took up his bed, and walked: and on the same day was the sabbath. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
John 5:10 The Jews therefore said unto him that was cured, It is the sabbath day: it is not lawful for thee to carry thy bed. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
John 5:11 He answered them, He that made me whole, the same said unto me, Take up thy bed, and walk. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
John 5:12 Then asked they him, What man is that which said unto thee, Take up thy bed, and walk? (KJV ASV WBS)
Acts 9:33 There he found a certain man named Aeneas, who had been bedridden for eight years, because he was paralyzed. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 9:34 Peter said to him, "Aeneas, Jesus Christ heals you. Get up and make your bed!" Immediately he arose. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV)
Acts 28:8 It happened that the father of Publius lay sick of fever and dysentery. Paul entered in to him, prayed, and laying his hands on him, healed him. (See NAS NIV)
Hebrews 13:4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the bed be undefiled: but God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterers. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 2:22 Behold, I will throw her into a bed, and those who commit adultery with her into great oppression, unless they repent of her works. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 19:4 But before they had gone to bed, the men of the town, all the men of Sodom, came round the house, young and old, from every part of the town; (BBE NIV)
Genesis 19:32 Come, let us give our father much wine, and we will go into his bed, so that we may have offspring by our father, (BBE)
Genesis 19:33 And that night they made their father take much wine; and the older daughter went into his bed; and he had no knowledge of when she went in or when she went away. (BBE)
Genesis 19:35 And that night again they made their father take much wine; and the younger daughter went into his bed; and he had no knowledge of when she went in or when she went away. (BBE)
Genesis 39:7 It happened after these things, that his master's wife cast her eyes on Joseph; and she said, "Lie with me." (See NIV)
Genesis 39:10 As she spoke to Joseph day by day, he didn't listen to her, to lie by her, or to be with her. (See NIV)
Genesis 39:12 And pulling at his coat, she said, Come to my bed; but slipping out of his coat, he went running away. (BBE NIV)
Genesis 39:14 She sent for the men of her house and said to them, See, he has let a Hebrew come here and make sport of us; he came to my bed, and I gave a loud cry; (BBE)
Genesis 47:31 He said, "Swear to me," and he swore to him. Israel bowed himself on the bed's head. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Genesis 48:2 Someone told Jacob, and said, "Behold, your son Joseph comes to you," and Israel strengthened himself, and sat on the bed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 49:4 Boiling over as water, you shall not excel; because you went up to your father's bed, then defiled it. He went up to my couch. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 49:33 When Jacob made an end of charging his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the spirit, and was gathered to his people. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 8:3 and the river shall swarm with frogs, which shall go up and come into your house, and into your bedchamber, and on your bed, and into the house of your servants, and on your people, and into your ovens, and into your kneading troughs: (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 21:18 "If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 15:4 "'Every bed whereon he who has the discharge lies shall be unclean; and everything he sits on shall be unclean. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 15:5 Whoever touches his bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 15:21 Whoever touches her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the evening. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 15:23 If it is on the bed, or on anything whereon she sits, when he touches it, he shall be unclean until the evening. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 15:24 "'If any man lies with her, and her monthly flow is on him, he shall be unclean seven days; and every bed whereon he lies shall be unclean. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 15:26 Every bed whereon she lies all the days of her discharge shall be to her as the bed of her period: and everything whereon she sits shall be unclean, as the uncleanness of her period. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 3:11 (For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the Rephaim; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; isn't it in Rabbah of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was its length, and four cubits its breadth, after the cubit of a man.) (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 22:30 A man shall not take his father's wife, and shall not uncover his father's skirt. (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 27:20 'Cursed is he who lies with his father's wife, because he has uncovered his father's skirt.' All the people shall say,'Amen.' (See NIV)
Judges 8:7 Then Gideon said, Because of this, when the Lord has given Zebah and Zalmunna into my hands, I will have you stretched on a bed of thorns of the waste land and on sharp stems, and have you crushed as grain is crushed on a grain-floor. (BBE)
Judges 8:16 Then he took the responsible men of the town and had them crushed on a bed of thorns and sharp stems. (BBE)
1 Samuel 3:5 And running to Eli he said, Here am I, for you said my name. And Eli said, I did not say your name; go to your rest again. So he went back to his bed. (BBE)
1 Samuel 3:9 So Eli said to Samuel, Go back: and if the voice comes again, let your answer be, Say on, Lord; for the ears of your servant are open. So Samuel went back to his bed. (BBE)
1 Samuel 9:25 And when they had come down from the high place into the town, where a bed was made ready for Saul, he went to rest. (BBE RSV)
1 Samuel 17:40 Then he took his stick in his hand, and got five smooth stones from the bed of the stream and put them in a bag such as is used by sheep-keepers; and in his hand was a leather band used for sending stones: and so he went in the direction of the Philistine. (BBE)
1 Samuel 19:13 Michal took the teraphim, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats' hair at its head, and covered it with the clothes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 19:15 Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying, "Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may kill him." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 19:16 When the messengers came in, behold, the teraphim was in the bed, with the pillow of goats' hair at its head. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 28:23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, constrained him; and he listened to their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat on the bed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Samuel 4:5 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at noon. (KJV WBS)
2 Samuel 4:7 Now when they came into the house, as he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, they struck him, and killed him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and went by the way of the Arabah all night. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 4:11 How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house on his bed, shall I not now require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 11:2 It happened at evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful to look on. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 11:4 And David sent and took her; and she came to him, and he took her to his bed: (for she had been made clean;) then she went back to her house. (BBE)
2 Samuel 11:11 And Uriah said to David, Israel and Judah with the ark are living in tents, and my lord Joab and the other servants of my lord are sleeping in the open field; and am I to go to my house and take food and drink, and go to bed with my wife? By the living Lord, and by the life of your soul, I will not do such a thing. (BBE)
2 Samuel 11:13 When David had called him, he ate and drink before him; and he made him drunk. At evening, he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but didn't go down to his house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS)
2 Samuel 12:11 The Lord says, From those of your family I will send evil against you, and before your very eyes I will take your wives and give them to your neighbour, and he will take your wives to his bed by the light of this sun. (BBE)
2 Samuel 13:5 Jonadab said to him, "Lay down on your bed, and pretend to be sick. When your father comes to see you, tell him,'Please let my sister Tamar come and give me bread to eat, and dress the food in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it from her hand.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 13:6 So Amnon went to bed and made himself seem ill: and when the king came to see him, Amnon said to the king, Please let my sister Tamar come and make me one or two cakes before my eyes, so that I may take food from her hand. (BBE)
2 Samuel 13:8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was in bed. And she took paste and made cakes before his eyes, cooking them over the fire. (BBE)
2 Samuel 13:11 And when she took them to give them to him, he put his arms round her and said, Come to bed, my sister. (BBE NIV)
2 Samuel 21:10 And Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah, took haircloth, placing it on the rock as a bed for herself, from the start of the grain-cutting till rain came down on them from heaven; and she did not let the birds of the air come near them by day, or the beasts of the field by night. (BBE)
1 Kings 1:47 Moreover the king's servants came to bless our lord king David, saying,'May your God make the name of Solomon better than your name, and make his throne greater than your throne;' and the king bowed himself on the bed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 17:19 He said to her, "Give me your son." He took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into the room where he stayed, and laid him on his own bed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 21:4 Ahab came into his house sullen and angry because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him; for he had said, "I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers." He laid himself down on his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 1:4 Now therefore thus says Yahweh, "You shall not come down from the bed where you have gone up, but shall surely die."'" Elijah departed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 1:6 They said to him, "A man came up to meet us, and said to us,'Go, return to the king who sent you, and tell him, "Thus says Yahweh,'Is it because there is no God in Israel, that you send to inquire of Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed where you have gone up, but shall surely die.'"'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 1:16 He said to him, "Thus says Yahweh,'Because you have sent messengers to inquire of Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron, is it because there is no God in Israel to inquire of his word? Therefore you shall not come down from the bed where you have gone up, but shall surely die." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 4:10 Let us make, please, a little chamber on the wall. Let us set for him there a bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp stand. It shall be, when he comes to us, that he shall turn in there." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 4:21 She went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door on him, and went out. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 4:32 When Elisha had come into the house, behold, the child was dead, and laid on his bed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 4:34 Then he got up on the bed, stretching himself out on the child, and put his mouth on the child's mouth, his eyes on his eyes and his hands on his hands; and the child's body became warm. (BBE NIV)
2 Kings 4:35 Then he returned, and walked in the house once back and forth; and went up, and stretched himself on him. Then the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes. (See NIV)
2 Kings 9:16 So Jehu got into his carriage and went to Jezreel, for Joram was ill in bed there; and Ahaziah, king of Judah, had come down to see Joram. (BBE)
1 Chronicles 5:1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright. (KJV BBE DBY WBS NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 16:14 They buried him in his own tombs, which he had dug out for himself in the city of David, and laid him in the bed which was filled with sweet odors and various kinds of spices prepared by the perfumers' art: and they made a very great burning for him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 22:11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who were slain, and put him and his nurse in the bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah, so that she didn't kill him. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 24:25 When they were departed for him (for they left him very sick), his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and killed him on his bed, and he died; and they buried him in the city of David, but they didn't bury him in the tombs of the kings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was fallen upon the bed whereon Esther was. Then said the king, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of king's mouth, they covered Haman's face. (KJV WBS)
Job 7:4 When I go to my bed, I say, When will it be time to get up? but the night is long, and I am turning from side to side till morning light. (BBE)
Job 7:13 When I say,'My bed shall comfort me. My couch shall ease my complaint;' (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 17:13 If I wait, the grave is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness. (KJV BBE DBY WBS NAS NIV)
Job 22:24 Lay your treasure in the dust, the gold of Ophir among the stones of the brooks. (See RSV)
Job 27:19 He lies down rich, but he shall not do so again. He opens his eyes, and he is not. (See RSV)
Job 33:15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falls on men, in slumbering on the bed; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 33:19 He is chastened also with pain on his bed, with continual strife in his bones; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)