|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(Hebrews hargol, meaning "leaper"). Mention of it is made only in Leviticus 11:22, where it is obvious the word cannot mean properly the beetle. It denotes some winged creeper with at least four feet, "which has legs above its feet, to leap withal." The description plainly points to the locust (q.v.). This has been an article of food from the earliest times in the East to the present day. The word is rendered "cricket" in the Revised Version.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A heavy mallet, used to drive wedges, beat pavements, etc.
2. (n.) A machine in which fabrics are subjected to a hammering process while passing over rollers, as in cotton mills; -- called also beetling machine.
3. (v. t.) To beat with a heavy mallet.
4. (v. t.) To finish by subjecting to a hammering process in a beetle or beetling machine; as, to beetle cotton goods.
5. (v. t.) Any insect of the order Coleoptera, having four wings, the outer pair being stiff cases for covering the others when they are folded up. See Coleoptera.
6. (v. i.) To extend over and beyond the base or support; to overhang; to jut.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
be'-t'-l (the Revised Version (British and American) CRICKET; chargol; See LOCUST): This name occurs only in Leviticus 11:22 as one of four winged Jumping insects (sherets ha-`oph) which may be eaten. It certainly is not a beetle and is probably not a cricket. Probably all four are names of locusts, of which more than 30 species have been described from Syria and Palestine, and for which there are at least 8 Arabic names in use, though with little distinction of species. Closely allied to chargol are the Arabic charjalet, a troop of horses or a flight of locusts, from charjal, "to gallop," and harjawan, "a wingless locust."
Alfred Ely Day
Beetle (7 Occurrences)
Exodus 8:21 for, if thou art not sending My people away, lo, I am sending against thee, and against thy servants, and against thy people, and against thy houses, the beetle, and the houses of the Egyptians have been full of the beetle, and also the ground on which they are. (YLT)
Exodus 8:22 And I have separated in that day the land of Goshen, in which My people are staying, that the beetle is not there, so that thou knowest that I 'am' Jehovah in the midst of the land, (YLT)
Exodus 8:24 And Jehovah doth so, and the grievous beetle entereth the house of Pharaoh, and the house of his servants, and in all the land of Egypt the land is corrupted from the presence of the beetle. (YLT)
Exodus 8:31 and Jehovah doth according to the word of Moses, and turneth aside the beetle from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people -- there hath not been left one; (YLT)
Leviticus 11:22 Even these of them ye may eat; the locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, and the beetle after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind. (KJV WBS YLT)
Psalms 78:45 He sendeth among them the beetle, and it consumeth them, And the frog, and it destroyeth them, (YLT)
Psalms 105:31 He hath said, and the beetle cometh, Lice into all their border. (YLT)