|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (prep.) In front of; preceding in space; ahead of; as, to stand before the fire; before the house.
2. (prep.) Preceding in time; earlier than; previously to; anterior to the time when; -- sometimes with the additional idea of purpose; in order that.
3. (prep.) An advance of; farther onward, in place or time.
4. (prep.) Prior or preceding in dignity, order, rank, right, or worth; rather than.
5. (prep.) In presence or sight of; face to face with; facing.
6. (prep.) Under the cognizance or jurisdiction of.
7. (prep.) Open for; free of access to; in the power of.
8. (adv.) On the fore part; in front, or in the direction of the front; -- opposed to in the rear.
9. (adv.) In advance.
10. (adv.) In time past; previously; already.
11. (adv.) Earlier; sooner than; until then.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
be-for': The translation of a great variety of Hebrew and Greek words. "Haran died before (the English Revised Version "in the presence of," literally "before the face of") his father Terah" (Genesis 11:28). To be "before" God is to enjoy His favor (Psalm 31:22). "The Syrians before" (Isaiah 9:12 the Revised Version, margin "on the east," as "behind," owing to the position of Canaan, relative to Syria, implies the west).
DAY BEFORE THE SABBATH
(he paraskeue, "preparation"): Considered as a day of preparation, in accordance with Exodus 16:23, both before the regular Sabbath and before a feast Sabbath (Matthew 27:62 Mark 15:42 Luke 23:54 John 19:14, 31, 42). At 3 p.m., the Hebrews began to prepare their food for the next day, and to perform all labors which were forbidden to be done on the Sabbath and yet must be done. They bathed and purified themselves, dressed in festive apparel, set their tables, and lighted their lamps. On the day before Easter, the Hebrews of the later period made it their chief business to remove all leaven from the house (1 Corinthians 5:7). This custom of converting at least a portion of the day before the Sabbath into a holy day was recognized by the Romans to such an extent that, according to a rescript of Augustus, Jews need not appear in court after 3 p.m. on such days. Criminal cases were not brought before court on this day, and journeys exceeding 12 Roman miles were prohibited. The signal for the preparations was given by the priests by means of trumpets blown six times at intervals.
Frank E. Hirsch
SABBATH, DAY BEFORE THE
See DAY BEFORE THE SABBATH.
Before (18954 Occurrences)
Before appears 18954 times in 12 translations.
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