|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Worthlessness, frequently used in the Old Testament as a proper name. It is first used in Deuteronomy 13:13. In the New Testament it is found only in 2 Corinthians 6:15, where it is used as a name of Satan, the personification of all that is evil. It is translated "wicked" in Deuteronomy 15:9; Psalm 41:8 (R.V. marg.); 101:3; Proverbs 6:12, etc. The expression "son" or "man of Belial" means simply a worthless, lawless person (Judges 19:22; 20:13; 1 Samuel 1:16; 2:12).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) An evil spirit; a wicked and unprincipled person; the personification of evil.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
be'-li-al, bel'-yal (beliya`al; Beliar): This name, occurring very frequently in the Old Testament, has the sense of "worthlessness" (compare 2 Samuel 23:6 margin); accordingly in such phrases as "sons of Belial" (Judges 20:13 1 Samuel 10:27, etc.), "men of Belial" (1 Samuel 30:22 1 Kings 21:13, etc.), which the English Revised Version usually retains, the American Standard Revised Version more correctly renders, "base fellows" (so "daughter of Belial" 1 Samuel 1:16, "wicked woman"). There is here no suggestion a proper name. Afterward, however, "Belial" became a proper name for Satan, or for Antichrist (thus frequently in the Jewish Apocalyptic writings, e.g. in XII the Priestly Code (P), Book Jubilees, Ascension of Isaiah, Sibyllene Oracles). In this sense Paul used the word in 2 Corinthians 6:15, "What concord hath Christ with Belial?" (Beliar). Bousset thinks that Paul's "man of sin" in 2 Thessalonians 2:3, where some authorities read "man of lawlessness," is a translation of this term. The sense at least is similar.
See ANTICHRIST; MAN OF SIN.
Belial (23 Occurrences)
2 Corinthians 6:15 What agreement has Christ with Belial? Or what portion has a believer with an unbeliever? (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known; (KJV DBY WBS)
Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house round about, and beat at the door, and spake to the master of the house, the old man, saying, Bring forth the man that came into thine house, that we may know him. (KJV WBS)
Judges 20:13 Now therefore deliver us the men, the children of Belial, which are in Gibeah, that we may put them to death, and put away evil from Israel. But the children of Benjamin would not hearken to the voice of their brethren the children of Israel. (KJV WBS)
1 Samuel 1:16 Count not thine handmaid for a daughter of Belial: for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief have I spoken hitherto. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Samuel 2:12 Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Samuel 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot speak to him. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Samuel 25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal is his name, and folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Samuel 30:22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart. (KJV DBY WBS)
2 Samuel 16:7 And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial: (KJV DBY WBS)
2 Samuel 22:5 For the waves of death encompassed me, Torrents of Belial made me afraid. (DBY JPS)
2 Samuel 23:6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Kings 21:10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Kings 21:13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died. (KJV DBY WBS)
2 Chronicles 13:7 And there are gathered unto him vain men, the children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them. (KJV DBY WBS)
Job 34:18 Shall one say to a king, Belial? to nobles, Wicked? (DBY)
Psalms 18:4 The bands of death encompassed me, and torrents of Belial made me afraid. (DBY JPS)
Psalms 41:8 A thing of Belial cleaveth fast unto him; and now that he is laid down, he will rise up no more. (DBY YLT)
Psalms 101:3 I will set no thing of Belial before mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not cleave to me. (DBY)
Proverbs 6:12 A man of Belial, a wicked person, is he that goeth about with a perverse mouth; (DBY)
Proverbs 16:27 A man of Belial diggeth up evil, and on his lips there is as a scorching fire. (DBY)
Proverbs 19:28 A witness of Belial scorneth judgment, and the mouth of the wicked swalloweth down iniquity. (DBY)