|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
The rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew word tarshish, a precious stone; probably so called as being brought from Tarshish. It was one of the stones on the breastplate of the high priest (Exodus 28:20; R.V. marg., "chalcedony;39:13). The colour of the wheels in Ezekiel's vision was as the colour of a beryl stone (1:16; 10:9; R.V., "stone of Tarshish"). It is mentioned in Cant. 5:14; Dan. 10:6; Revelation 21:20. In Ezek. 28:13 the LXX. render the word by "chrysolite," which the Jewish historian Josephus regards as its proper translation. This also is the rendering given in the Authorized Version in the margin. That was a gold-coloured gem, the topaz of ancient authors.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) A mineral of great hardness, and, when transparent, of much beauty. It occurs in hexagonal prisms, commonly of a green or bluish green color, but also yellow, pink, and white. It is a silicate of aluminium and glucinum (beryllium). The aquamarine is a transparent, sea-green variety used as a gem. The emerald is another variety highly prized in jewelry, and distinguished by its deep color, which is probably due to the presence of a little oxide of chromium.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
See STONES, PRECIOUS.
Beryl (12 Occurrences)
Revelation 21:20 the fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, topaz; the tenth, chrysoprasus; the eleventh, jacinth; and the twelfth, amethyst. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 28:9 You are to take two beryl stones, on which the names of the children of Israel are to be cut: (BBE)
Exodus 28:17 You shall set in it settings of stones, four rows of stones: a row of ruby, topaz, and beryl shall be the first row; (WEB NIV)
Exodus 28:20 And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. (KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 39:6 Then they made the beryl stones, fixed in twisted frames of gold and cut like the cutting of a stamp, with the names of the children of Israel. (BBE)
Exodus 39:10 They set in it four rows of stones. A row of ruby, topaz, and beryl was the first row; (WEB NIV)
Exodus 39:13 And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings. (KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Song of Songs 5:14 His hands are like rings of gold set with beryl. His body is like ivory work overlaid with sapphires. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 1:16 The appearance of the wheels and their work was like a beryl: and they four had one likeness; and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel within a wheel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 10:9 I looked, and behold, four wheels beside the cherubim, one wheel beside one cherub, and another wheel beside another cherub; and the appearance of the wheels was like a beryl stone. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 28:13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone adorned you: ruby, topaz, emerald, chrysolite, onyx, jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and beryl. Gold work of tambourines and of pipes was in you. In the day that you were created they were prepared. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 10:6 his body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as flaming torches, and his arms and his feet like burnished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)