|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
The curb put into the mouths of horses to restrain them. The Hebrew word (metheg) so rendered in Psalm 32:9 is elsewhere translated "bridle" (2 Kings 19:28; Proverbs 26:3; Isaiah 37:29). Bits were generally made of bronze or iron, but sometimes also of gold or silver. In James 3:3 the Authorized Version translates the Greek word by "bits," but the Revised Version by "bridles."
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The part of a bridle, usually of iron, which is inserted in the mouth of a horse, and having appendages to which the reins are fastened.
2. (v.) Fig.: Anything which curbs or restrains.
3. (v. t.) To put a bridle upon; to put the bit in the mouth of.
4. (v.) imp. & p. p. of Bite.
5. (n.) A part of anything, such as may be bitten off or taken into the mouth; a morsel; a bite. Hence: A small piece of anything; a little; a mite.
6. (v.) Somewhat; something, but not very great.
7. (n.) A tool for boring, of various forms and sizes, usually turned by means of a brace or bitstock. See Bitstock.
8. (n.) The part of a key which enters the lock and acts upon the bolt and tumblers.
9. (n.) The cutting iron of a plane.
10. (v.) In the Southern and Southwestern States, a small silver coin (as the real) formerly current; commonly, one worth about 12 1/2 cents; also, the sum of 12 1/2 cents.
11. (p. p.) 3d sing. pr. of Bid, for biddeth.
12. (imp.) of Bite
13. (p. p.) of Bite
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BIT AND BRIDLE
bri'-d'-l (methegh wa-recen): The two words occur in conjunction (Psalm 32:9 the King James Version, "Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding; whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they come near unto thee"; the Revised Version (British and American)) "else they will not come near unto thee," margin, "that they come not near." Methegh, translated "bit" above, is properly a bridle or halter in which the bit was a loop passed round the under jaw of the animal; recen has a similar meaning. The counsel in the verse is that men should render a willing obedience to God and not be like the animals that man has to bridle and curb in order to get them to do his will. Compare James 3:3, where we have "bit" as translation of chalinos, "a bit" or "curb," "We put bits (the Revised Version (British and American) "bridles") in the horses' mouths that they may obey us." "Bridle" occurs separately as translation of methegh (2 Samuel 8:1), "David took Metheg-ammah," King James Version margin "the bridle of Ammah," the Revised Version (British and American) "the bridle of the mother city," margin, as the King James Version; the meaning may be that he took the control or dominion of it; "I will put. my bridle in thy lips" (2 Kings 19:28 Isaiah 37:29); "a bridle for the ass" (Proverbs 26:3); of recen (Job 30:11), "They have also let loose the bridle before me," the Revised Version (British and American) "and they have cast off the bridle before me" (acted in an unbridled (unrestrained) manner); Job 41:13, said of "leviathan" (the Revised Version (British and American) "the hippopotamus"), "Who can come to him his double bridle?" the American Standard Revised Version "within his jaws?" the English Revised Version "within his double bridle," others, "into the double row of his teeth"; Isaiah 30:28, "a bridle in the jaws of the people causing them to err," the Revised Version (British and American) "a bridle that causeth to err"; of machcom, which means "a muzzle" (Psalm 39:1), "I will keep my mouth with a bridle," King James Version margins "Hebrew, a bridle, or muzzle for my mouth"; so the Revised Version, margin.
To "bridle" occurs (James 1:26, "bridleth not his tongue"; James 3:2 "able to bridle the whole body"; chalinagogeo, "to lead" or "guide with a bit"). In 1 Esdras 3:6, and 2 Maccabees 10:29, we have "bridles of gold" (chrusochalinos).
W. L. Walker
Bit (46 Occurrences)
Matthew 7:3 And why do you take note of the grain of dust in your brother's eye, but take no note of the bit of wood which is in your eye? (BBE)
Matthew 7:4 Or how will you say to your brother, Let me take out the grain of dust from your eye, when you yourself have a bit of wood in your eye? (BBE)
Matthew 7:5 You false one, first take out the bit of wood from your eye, then will you see clearly to take out the grain of dust from your brother's eye. (BBE)
Matthew 9:16 And no man puts a bit of new cloth on an old coat, for by pulling away from the old, it makes a worse hole. (BBE)
Matthew 17:27 But, so that we may not be a cause of trouble to them, go to the sea, and let down a hook, and take the first fish which comes up; and in his mouth you will see a bit of money: take that, and give it to them for me and you. (BBE)
Mark 2:21 No man puts a bit of new cloth on an old coat: or the new, by pulling away from the old, makes a worse hole. (BBE)
Luke 5:36 And he said to them, in a story, No man takes a bit of cloth from a new coat and puts it on to an old coat, for so the new coat would be damaged and the bit from the new would not go well with the old. (BBE)
Luke 6:41 And why do you take note of the grain of dust in your brother's eye, but take no note of the bit of wood which is in your eye? (BBE)
Luke 6:42 How will you say to your brother, Brother, let me take the grain of dust out of your eye, when you yourself do not see the bit of wood in your eye? O false one! first take the wood out of your eye and then you will see clearly to take the dust out of your brother's eye. (BBE)
Luke 15:8 Or what woman, having ten bits of silver, if one bit has gone from her hands, will not get a light, and go through her house, searching with care till she sees it? (Root in BBE)
Luke 15:9 And when she has it again, she gets her friends and neighbours together, saying, Be glad with me, for I have got back the bit of silver which had gone from me. (BBE)
Luke 24:42 And they gave him a bit of cooked fish. (BBE)
John 4:5 So he came to a town of Samaria which was named Sychar, near to the bit of land which Jacob gave to his son Joseph: (BBE)
John 13:26 This was the answer Jesus gave: It is the one to whom I will give this bit of bread after I have put it in the vessel. Then he took the bit of bread, put it into the vessel, and gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. (BBE)
John 13:30 So Judas, having taken the bit of bread, straight away went out: and it was night. (BBE)
John 19:23 And when Jesus was nailed to the cross, the men of the army took his clothing, and made a division of it into four parts, to every man a part, and they took his coat: now the coat was without a join, made out of one bit of cloth. (BBE)
James 3:3 Indeed, we put bits into the horses' mouths so that they may obey us, and we guide their whole body. (Root in WEB KJV WEY BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 18:5 And let me get a bit of bread to keep up your strength, and after that you may go on your way: for this is why you have come to your servant. And they said, Let it be so. (BBE)
Exodus 12:46 It is to be taken in one house; not a bit of the flesh is to be taken out of the house, and no bone of it may be broken. (BBE)
Exodus 29:23 And take one bit of bread and one cake of oiled bread and one thin cake out of the basket of unleavened bread which is before the Lord: (BBE)
Exodus 37:7 And he made two winged ones, hammered out of one bit of gold, for the two ends of the cover; (BBE)
Numbers 21:6 Yahweh sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and many people of Israel died. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 21:9 Moses made a serpent of brass, and set it on the standard: and it happened, that if a serpent had bitten any man, when he looked to the serpent of brass, he lived. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 31:20 And every bit of clothing, and anything made of leather or goats' hair or wood, you are to make clean. (BBE)
Ruth 2:14 And at meal-time Boaz said to her, Come here, and take some of the bread, and put your bit into the wine. And she took her seat among the grain-cutters: and he gave her dry grain, and she took it, and there was more than enough for her meal. (BBE)
Ruth 4:3 Then he said to the near relation, Naomi, who has come back from the country of Moab, is offering for a price that bit of land which was our brother Elimelech's: (BBE)
1 Samuel 2:36 Then it will be that the rest of your family, anyone who has not been cut off, will go down on his knees to him for a bit of silver or a bit of bread, and say, Be pleased to put me into one of the priest's places so that I may have a little food. (BBE)
1 Samuel 3:18 Samuel told him every bit, and hid nothing from him. He said, "It is Yahweh. Let him do what seems good to him." (WEB)
2 Samuel 23:11 After him was Shammah, the son of Ela the Hararite. And the Philistines came together in Lehi, where there was a bit of land full of seed; and the people went in flight from the Philistines. (BBE)
2 Samuel 23:12 But he kept his place in the middle of the bit of land, and kept back their attack and overcame the Philistines: and the Lord gave a great salvation. (BBE)
1 Kings 17:11 And when she was going to get it, he said to her, And get me with it a small bit of bread. (BBE)
2 Kings 19:28 Because of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose, and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way by which you came." (See RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 11:13 He was with David at Pas-dammim, where the Philistines had come together for the fight, near a bit of land full of barley; and the people went in flight before the Philistines. (BBE)
1 Chronicles 11:14 And he took up his position in the middle of the bit of land, and kept back their attack, and overcame the Philistines; and the Lord gave a great salvation. (BBE)
Job 2:8 And he took a broken bit of a pot, and, seated in the dust, was rubbing himself with the sharp edge of it. (BBE)
Job 13:28 Though a man comes to nothing like a bit of dead wood, or like a robe which has become food for the worm. (BBE)
Job 33:6 See, I am the same as you are in the eyes of God; I was cut off from the same bit of wet earth. (BBE)
Job 42:11 And all his brothers and sisters, and his friends of earlier days, came and took food with him in his house; and made clear their grief for him, and gave him comfort for all the evil which the Lord had sent on him; and they all gave him a bit of money and a gold ring. (BBE)
Psalms 32:9 Don't be like the horse, or like the mule, which have no understanding, who are controlled by bit and bridle, or else they will not come near to you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 17:1 Better a bit of dry bread in peace, than a house full of feasting and violent behaviour. (BBE)
Proverbs 28:21 It is not good to have respect for a man's position: for a man will do wrong for a bit of bread. (BBE)
Isaiah 30:14 And he will let it be broken as a potter's vessel is broken: it will be smashed to bits without mercy; so that there will not be a bit in which one may take fire from the fireplace, or water from the spring. (Root in BBE)
Isaiah 30:28 And his breath is as an overflowing stream, coming up even to the neck, shaking the nations for their destruction, like the shaking of grain in a basket: and he will put a cord in the mouths of the people, turning them out of their way. (See NIV)
Isaiah 37:29 Because your wrath against me and your pride have come to my ears, I will put my hook in your nose and my cord in your lips, and I will make you go back by the way you came. (See RSV NIV)
Isaiah 44:19 And no one takes note, no one has enough knowledge or wisdom to say, I have put part of it in the fire, and made bread on it; I have had a meal of the flesh cooked with it: and am I now to make the rest of it into a false god? am I to go down on my face before a bit of wood? (BBE)
Amos 5:19 As if a man fled from a lion, and a bear met him; Or he went into the house and leaned his hand on the wall, and a snake bit him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)