|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Properly the absence of all colour. In Proverbs 7:9 the Hebrew word means, as in the margin of the Revised Version, "the pupil of the eye." It is translated "apple" of the eye in Deuteronomy 32:10; Psalm 17:8; Proverbs 7:2. It is a different word which is rendered "black" in Leviticus 13:31,37; Cant. 1:5; 5:11; and Zechariah 6:2, 6. It is uncertain what the "black marble" of Esther 1:6 was which formed a part of the mosaic pavement.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (a.) Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark color, the opposite of white; characterized by such a color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
2. (a.) In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the heavens black with clouds.
3. (a.) Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness; destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked; cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible.
4. (a.) Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen; foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
5. (adv.) Sullenly; threateningly; maliciously; so as to produce blackness.
6. (n.) That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, a cloth has a good black.
7. (n.) A black pigment or dye.
8. (n.) A negro; a person whose skin is of a black color, or shaded with black; esp. a member or descendant of certain African races.
9. (n.) A black garment or dress; as, she wears black
10. (n.) Mourning garments of a black color; funereal drapery.
11. (n.) The part of a thing which is distinguished from the rest by being black.
12. (n.) A stain; a spot; a smooch.
13. (v.) To make black; to blacken; to soil; to sully.
14. (v.) To make black and shining, as boots or a stove, by applying blacking and then polishing with a brush.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(hippos melas): Symbolic of famine ("balance. measure of wheat for a shilling," etc., Revelation 6:5, 6; compare Zechariah 6:2, 6).
See REVELATION OF JOHN.
Black (52 Occurrences)
Matthew 5:36 Neither shall you swear by your head, for you can't make one hair white or black. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 12:18 For you have not come to a mountain that might be touched, and that burned with fire, and to blackness, darkness, storm, (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS YLT)
2 Peter 2:17 These are wells without water, clouds driven by a storm; for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved forever. (Root in WEB ASV NAS NIV)
Jude 1:13 wild waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, for whom the blackness of darkness has been reserved forever. (Root in WEB KJV ASV WBS NAS NIV)
Revelation 6:5 When he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, "Come and see!" And behold, a black horse, and he who sat on it had a balance in his hand. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 6:12 I saw when he opened the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake. The sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became as blood. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 30:32 I will pass through all your flock today, removing from there every speckled and spotted one, and every black one among the sheep, and the spotted and speckled among the goats. This will be my hire. (WEB ASV BBE NAS RSV)
Genesis 30:33 So my righteousness will answer for me hereafter, when you come concerning my hire that is before you. Every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats, and black among the sheep, that might be with me, will be counted stolen." (WEB ASV BBE NAS RSV)
Genesis 30:35 That day, he removed the male goats that were streaked and spotted, and all the female goats that were speckled and spotted, every one that had white in it, and all the black ones among the sheep, and gave them into the hand of his sons. (WEB ASV BBE NAS RSV)
Genesis 30:40 Jacob separated the lambs, and set the faces of the flocks toward the streaked and all the black in the flock of Laban: and he put his own droves apart, and didn't put them into Laban's flock. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Exodus 10:15 For all the face of the earth was covered with them, so that the land was black; and every green plant and all the fruit of the trees which was untouched by the ice-storm they took for food: not one green thing, no plant or tree, was to be seen in all the land of Egypt. (BBE NIV)
Leviticus 11:13 "'These you shall detest among the birds; they shall not be eaten, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the vulture, and the black vulture, (WEB NIV)
Leviticus 11:14 and the red kite, any kind of black kite, (WEB NIV)
Leviticus 13:31 If the priest examines the plague of itching, and behold, its appearance isn't deeper than the skin, and there is no black hair in it, then the priest shall isolate him the person infected with itching seven days. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 13:37 But if in his eyes the itch is arrested, and black hair has grown in it; the itch is healed, he is clean. The priest shall pronounce him clean. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 4:11 And you came near, waiting at the foot of the mountain; and flames of fire went up from the mountain to the heart of heaven, with dark clouds, and all was black as night. (BBE NIV)
Deuteronomy 14:12 But these are they of which you shall not eat: the eagle, and the vulture, and the osprey, (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 14:13 and the falcon, and the kite, and the black kite after its kind; (DBY NIV)
1 Kings 18:45 It happened in a little while, that the sky grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Esther 1:6 There were hangings of white, green, and blue material, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. The couches were of gold and silver, on a pavement of red, white, yellow, and black marble. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Job 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death claim it for their own. Let a cloud dwell on it. Let all that makes black the day terrify it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 6:16 Which are black by reason of the ice, in which the snow hides itself. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Job 10:21 Before I go to the place from which I will not come back, to the land where all is dark and black, (BBE)
Job 23:17 For I am overcome by the dark, and by the black night which is covering my face. (BBE)
Job 30:30 My skin grows black and peels from me. My bones are burned with heat. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 105:28 He sent black night and made it dark; and they did not go against his word. (BBE)
Psalms 107:10 Those who were in the dark, in the black night, in chains of sorrow and iron; (BBE)
Psalms 107:14 He took them out of the dark and the black night, and all their chains were broken. (BBE)
Psalms 119:83 For I have become like a wine-skin black with smoke; but I still keep the memory of your rules. (BBE)
Proverbs 7:9 In the twilight, in the evening, in the black and dark night: (KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Song of Songs 1:5 I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS)
Song of Songs 1:6 Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept. (KJV DBY WBS)
Song of Songs 5:11 His head is like the purest gold. His hair is bushy, black as a raven. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 8:22 And he will be looking down on the earth, and there will be trouble and dark clouds, black night where there is no seeing. (BBE)
Isaiah 28:25 When he hath levelled the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and put in the wheat in rows, and the barley in the appointed place, and the spelt in the border thereof? (See JPS)
Isaiah 50:3 I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 4:28 For this shall the earth mourn, and the heavens above be black; because I have spoken it, I have purposed it, and I have not repented, neither will I turn back from it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Jeremiah 8:21 For the hurt of the daughter of my people am I hurt; I am black; astonishment hath taken hold on me. (KJV JPS WBS YLT)
Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the Lord your God, before he makes it dark, and before your feet are slipping on the dark mountains, and, while you are looking for a light, he makes it into deep dark, into black night. (BBE)
Jeremiah 14:2 Judah mourns, and its gates languish, they sit in black on the ground; and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS)
Lamentations 5:10 Our skin is black like an oven, Because of the burning heat of famine. (WEB KJV ASV WBS)
Ezekiel 31:15 Thus saith the Lord Jehovah: In the day when he went down to Sheol, I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed; and I made Lebanon black for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him. (DBY YLT)
Ezekiel 32:7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heavens, and make the stars thereof black; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. (DBY JPS YLT)
Ezekiel 32:8 All the bright lights of the heavens will I make black over thee, and bring darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord Jehovah. (DBY JPS YLT)
Joel 2:2 A day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, as blackness spread upon the mountains; a great people and a mighty, there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after them, even to the years of many generations. (Root in JPS BBE RSV NIV)
Joel 2:10 The earth quaketh before them; the heavens tremble; the sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. (See JPS YLT)
Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. (See JPS YLT)
Micah 3:6 "Therefore night is over you, with no vision, and it is dark to you, that you may not divine; and the sun will go down on the prophets, and the day will be black over them. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT RSV)
Zechariah 1:8 I saw in the night a man on a red horse, between the mountains in the valley, and at his back were horses, red, black, white, and of mixed colours. (BBE)
Zechariah 6:2 In the first chariot were red horses; in the second chariot black horses; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Zechariah 6:6 The one with the black horses goes out toward the north country; and the white went out after them; and the dappled went forth toward the south country." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Malachi 3:14 Ye have said, 'A vain thing to serve God! And what gain when we kept His charge? And when we have gone in black, Because of Jehovah of Hosts? (YLT)