|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) A violent gust of wind.
2. (n.) A forcible stream of air from an orifice, as from a bellows, the mouth, etc. Hence: The continuous blowing to which one charge of ore or metal is subjected in a furnace; as, to melt so many tons of iron at a blast.
3. (n.) The exhaust steam from and engine, driving a column of air out of a boiler chimney, and thus creating an intense draught through the fire; also, any draught produced by the blast.
4. (n.) The sound made by blowing a wind instrument; strictly, the sound produces at one breath.
5. (n.) A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on animals and plants; a blight.
6. (n.) The act of rending, or attempting to rend, heavy masses of rock, earth, etc., by the explosion of gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; also, the charge used for this purpose.
7. (n.) A flatulent disease of sheep.
8. (v. t.) To injure, as by a noxious wind; to cause to wither; to stop or check the growth of, and prevent from fruit-bearing, by some pernicious influence; to blight; to shrivel.
9. (v. t.) Hence, to affect with some sudden violence, plague, calamity, or blighting influence, which destroys or causes to fail; to visit with a curse; to curse; to ruin; as, to blast pride, hopes, or character.
10. (v. t.) To confound by a loud blast or din.
11. (v. t.) To rend open by any explosive agent, as gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; to shatter; as, to blast rocks.
12. (v. i.) To be blighted or withered; as, the bud blasted in the blossom.
13. (v. i.) To blow; to blow on a trumpet.
27. (n.) A suffix or terminal formative, used principally in biological terms, and signifying growth, formation; as, bioblast, epiblast, mesoblast, etc.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) The blowing of the breath of Yahweh, expressive of the manifestation of God's power in Nature and Providence. "With the blast of thy nostrils the waters were piled up" (Exodus 15:8), referring to the east wind (Exodus 14:21; compare 2 Samuel 22:16 and Psalm 18:15). "I will send a blast upon him" (2 Kings 19:7 the King James Version; the Revised Version (British and American) "put a spirit in him," i.e. "an impulse of fear" (Dummelow in the place cited.); compare Isaiah 37:7). "By the blast of his anger are they consumed" (Job 4:9; compare Isaiah 37:36).
(2) The word ruach is used with reference to the tyranny and violence of the wicked (Isaiah 25:4).
(3) The blowing of a wind instrument: "When they make a long blast with the ram's horn" (Joshua 6:5).
M. O. Evans
blast'-ing (shiddaphon-root, shadhaph, literally "scorching"): This is the effect produced upon grain or other plants by the hot east winds which blow from the desert of Arabia. They usually continue to blow for two or three days at a time. If they occur in the spring near ripening time, the grain is often turned yellow and does not properly mature. The farmers dread this wind. In some localities, if they suspect that the east wind is coming, they set up a great shouting and beating of pans, hoping to drive it off. Sometimes this wind is a double pestilence, when it brings with it a cloud of locusts (2 Chronicles 6:28). The writer, while journeying in the northern part of the Arabian desert, the source of these winds, witnessed such a cloud of locusts on their way toward habitable regions. It did not call for a very vivid imagination on the part of the children of Israel to realize the meaning of the curses and all manner of evil which would befall those who would not hearken to the voice of Yahweh. Deuteronomy 28:22-24 could easily be considered a poetic description of the east winds (Arabic howa sharki'yeh) which visit Palestine and Syria at irregular intervals today. The heat is fiery: it dries up the vegetation and blasts the grain; the sky is hazy and there is a glare as if the sun were reflected from a huge brass tray. Woodwork cracks and warps; the covers of books curl up. Instead of rain, the wind brings dust and sand which penetrate into the innermost corners of the dwellings. This dust fills the eyes and inflames them. The skin becomes hot and dry. To one first experiencing this storm it seems as though some volcano must be belching forth heat and ashes. No other condition of the weather can cause such depression. Such a pestilence, only prolonged beyond endurance, was to be the fate of the disobedient. This word should not be confused with mildew. Since the words blasting and mildew occur together it may be inferred that mildew (literally "a paleness") must mean the sickly color which plants assu me for other causes than the blasting of the east wind, such, as for instance, fungus diseases or parasites (1 Kings 8:37 Amos 4:9 Haggai 2:17).
James A. Patch
Blast (28 Occurrences)
Acts 2:2 when suddenly there came from the sky a sound as of a strong rushing blast of wind. This filled the whole house where they were sitting; (WEY)
Hebrews 12:19 the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which those who heard it begged that not one more word should be spoken to them, (See NAS NIV)
Revelation 1:10 In the Spirit I found myself present on the day of the Lord, and I heard behind me a loud voice which resembled the blast of a trumpet. (WEY)
Revelation 4:1 After all this I looked and saw a door in Heaven standing open, and the voice that I had previously heard, which resembled the blast of a trumpet, again spoke to me and said, "Come up here, and I will show you things which are to happen in the future." (WEY)
Exodus 15:8 With the blast of your nostrils, the waters were piled up. The floods stood upright as a heap. The deeps were congealed in the heart of the sea. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 19:13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall surely be stoned or shot through; whether it is animal or man, he shall not live.' When the trumpet sounds long, they shall come up to the mountain." (See NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 19:16 It happened on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain, and the sound of an exceedingly loud trumpet; and all the people who were in the camp trembled. (See RSV NIV)
Leviticus 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, shall be a solemn rest unto you, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, a holy convocation. (See JPS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 25:9 Then shalt thou send abroad the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month; in the day of atonement shall ye send abroad the trumpet throughout all your land. (See JPS)
Numbers 10:5 When you blow an alarm, the camps that lie on the east side shall go forward. (See NIV)
Numbers 10:6 When you blow an alarm the second time, the camps that lie on the south side shall go forward. They shall blow an alarm for their journeys. (See NIV)
Numbers 10:9 When you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets. Then you will be remembered before Yahweh your God, and you will be saved from your enemies. (See NIV)
Joshua 6:5 It shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall go up every man straight before him." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 6:16 It happened at the seventh time, when the priests blew the trumpets, Joshua said to the people, "Shout, for Yahweh has given you the city! (See NIV)
2 Samuel 22:16 Then the channels of the sea appeared. The foundations of the world were laid bare by the rebuke of Yahweh, At the blast of the breath of his nostrils. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 19:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumor, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land. (KJV WBS)
Job 4:9 By the breath of God they perish. By the blast of his anger are they consumed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 18:15 Then the channels of waters appeared. The foundations of the world were laid bare at your rebuke, Yahweh, at the blast of the breath of your nostrils. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 98:6 With trumpets and sound of the ram's horn, make a joyful noise before the King, Yahweh. (See NIV)
Psalms 147:17 He sends down ice like raindrops: water is made hard by his cold. (See NIV)
Psalms 150:3 Praise him with trumpet sound: Praise him with psaltery and harp. (See JPS)
Isaiah 25:4 For you have been a stronghold to the poor, a stronghold to the needy in his distress, a refuge from the storm, a shade from the heat, when the blast of the dreaded ones is like a storm against the wall. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Isaiah 27:8 In measure, when you send them away, you contend with them. He has removed them with his rough blast in the day of the east wind. (WEB JPS ASV RSV NIV)
Isaiah 30:30 Yahweh will cause his glorious voice to be heard, and will show the descent of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and the flame of a devouring fire, with a blast, storm, and hailstones. (WEB ASV)
Isaiah 37:7 Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land. (KJV WBS)
Ezekiel 22:20 As they gather silver and brass and iron and lead and tin into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire on it, to melt it; so will I gather you in my anger and in my wrath, and I will lay you there, and melt you. (See NIV)
Amos 2:2 but I will send a fire on Moab, and it will devour the palaces of Kerioth; and Moab will die with tumult, with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet; (See NIV)
Zephaniah 1:16 a day of the trumpet and alarm, against the fortified cities, and against the high battlements. (See RSV)