|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Bloody sweat: The sign and token of our Lord's great agony (Luke 22:44).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (a.) Containing or resembling blood; of the nature of blood; as, bloody excretions; bloody sweat.
2. (a.) Smeared or stained with blood; as, bloody hands; a bloody handkerchief.
3. (a.) Given, or tending, to the shedding of blood; having a cruel, savage disposition; murderous; cruel.
4. (a.) Attended with, or involving, bloodshed; sanguinary; esp., marked by great slaughter or cruelty; as, a bloody battle.
5. (a.) Infamous; contemptible; -- variously used for mere emphasis or as a low epithet.
6. (v. t.) To stain with blood.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
blud'-i (dam = "blood" of man or an animal; and where the King James translators have rendered with the adjective "bloody," the Hebrew employs the noun in the construct case, "of blood"): "A bridegroom of blood" (Exodus 4:25, 26, the King James Version bloody husband). Zipporah, not being an Israelite, probably objected to the circumcision of infants, if not to the rite altogether; apprehending, however, that her husband's life was imperiled possibly through some grievous sickness (Exodus 4:24) because of their disobedience in this particular, she performed the ceremony herself upon her son, saying, "A bridegroom of blood art thou to me."
In the Revised Version (British and American) the expression (the King James Version "bloody") is variously rendered, "man of blood" (2 Samuel 16:7, 8); "men of blood" (Psalm 26:9); "bloodthirsty" (Psalm 5:6; Psalm 59:2; Psalm 139:19). In 2 Samuel 21:1, "It is for Saul, and for his bloody house," might be rendered "Upon Saul and his house rests bloodshed."
Ezekiel calls Jerusalem "the bloody city" (Ezekiel 22:2; Ezekiel 24:6; compare Ezekiel 7:23), referring to those unjustly put to death by the wicked rulers of Jerusalem. Nineveh also is called "the bloody city" (Nahum 3:1). The capital here virtually stands for the kingdom, and history bears witness to the enormous cruelties perpetrated by the Assyrian rulers. It is siege on siege, pools of blood everywhere, the flaying of men alive, "great baskets stuffed with the salted heads of their foes." For two hundred years it is the story of brute force and ruthless cruelty. "The prey departeth not." And now every cruelty which they have visited upon others is to be turned upon themselves (Nahum 3:19).
M. O. Evans
fluks (puretos kai dusenteria, literally "fever and dysentery"): The disease by which the father of Publius was afflicted in Malta (Acts 28:8). the Revised Version (British and American) calls it "dysentery"; a common and dangerous disease which in Malta is often fatal to soldiers of the garrison even at the present day (Aitken, Pract. of Medicine, II, 841). It is also prevalent in Palestine at certain seasons, and in Egypt its mortality was formerly about 36 percent. Its older name was due to the discharge of blood from the intestine. Sometimes portions of the bowel become gangrenous and slough, the condition described as affecting Jehoram (2 Chronicles 21:19). There seems to have been an epidemic of the disease at the time of his seizure (2 Chronicles 21:14, 15), and in the case of the king it left behind it a chronic ulcerated condition, ending in gangrene. Somewhat similar conditions of chronic intestinal ulceration following epidemic dysentery I have seen in persons who had suffered from this disease in India.
(swet hosei thromboi haimatos): Described in Luke 22:44 as a physical accompaniment of our Lord's agony at Gethsemane (on the passage, which is absent in some manuscripts, see Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek). Many old writers take this to mean that the perspiration dropped in the same manner as clots of blood drop from a wound, regarding the Greek word prefixed as expressing merely a comparison as in Matthew 28:3, where leukon hos chion means "white as snow." Cases of actual exudation of blood are described in several of the medieval accounts of stigmatization, and Lefebvre describes the occurrence of something similar in his account of Louise Lateau in 1870. For references to these cases see the article "Stigmatization" in Encyclopedia Britannica (11th edition), XXII, 550. It is perhaps in favor of the older interpretation that the word used by Aeschylus for drops of blood is stagon (Agam. 1122) and by Euripides stalagmos, not thromboi. None of the instances given by Tissot (Traite des nerfs, 279), or Schenck (Observ. med., III, 45:5), can be said to be unimpeachable; but as the agony of our Lord was unexampled in human experience, it is conceivable that it may have been attended with physical conditions of a unique nature.
Bloody (19 Occurrences)
Matthew 9:20 And behold, a woman, who had had a bloody flux for twelve years, came behind and touched the hem of his garment; (DBY)
Acts 28:8 And it came to pass, that the father of Publius lay sick of a fever and of a bloody flux: to whom Paul entered in, and prayed, and laid his hands on him, and healed him. (KJV WBS)
Exodus 4:25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. (KJV DBY WBS)
Exodus 4:26 So he let him go: then she said, A bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcision. (KJV DBY WBS)
2 Samuel 16:7 And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial: (KJV WBS)
2 Samuel 16:8 The LORD hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the LORD hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief, because thou art a bloody man. (KJV WBS)
2 Samuel 21:1 There was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David sought the face of Yahweh. Yahweh said, "It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he put to death the Gibeonites." (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS)
1 Kings 2:32 And the LORD will return his blood upon his own head, because he fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew them with the sword, and my father David knew it not: Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah. (See RSV)
Psalms 5:6 Thou shalt destroy them that speak leasing: the LORD will abhor the bloody and deceitful man. (KJV WBS)
Psalms 26:9 Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men: (KJV WBS)
Psalms 55:23 But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee. (KJV DBY WBS)
Psalms 59:2 Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men. (KJV WBS)
Psalms 139:19 Surely thou wilt slay the wicked, O God: depart from me therefore, ye bloody men. (KJV WBS)
Ezekiel 7:23 Make the chain; for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 22:2 You, son of man, will you judge, will you judge the bloody city? then cause her to know all her abominations. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 24:6 Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: Woe to the bloody city, to the caldron whose rust is therein, and whose rust is not gone out of it! take out of it piece after piece; No lot is fallen on it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 24:9 Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: Woe to the bloody city! I also will make the pile great. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Hosea 6:8 Gilead 'is' a city of workers of iniquity, Slippery from blood. (See NAS)
Nahum 3:1 Woe to the bloody city! It is all full of lies and robbery. The prey doesn't depart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)