|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
In the East objects are carried in the bosom which Europeans carry in the pocket. To have in one's bosom indicates kindness, secrecy, or intimacy (Genesis 16:5; 2 Samuel 12:8). Christ is said to have been in "the bosom of the Father," i.e., he had the most perfect knowledge of the Father, had the closest intimacy with him (John 1:18). John (13:23) was "leaning on Jesus' bosom" at the last supper. Our Lord carries his lambs in his bosom, i.e., has a tender, watchful care over them (Isaiah 40:11).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The breast of a human being; the part, between the arms, to which anything is pressed when embraced by them.
2. (n.) The breast, considered as the seat of the passions, affections, and operations of the mind; consciousness; secret thoughts.
3. (n.) Embrace; loving or affectionate enclosure; fold.
4. (n.) Any thing or place resembling the breast; a supporting surface; an inner recess; the interior; as, the bosom of the earth.
5. (n.) The part of the dress worn upon the breast; an article, or a portion of an article, of dress to be worn upon the breast; as, the bosom of a shirt; a linen bosom.
6. (n.) Inclination; desire.
7. (n.) A depression round the eye of a millstone.
8. (a.) of or pertaining to the bosom.
9. (a.) Intimate; confidential; familiar; trusted; cherished; beloved; as, a bosom friend.
10. (v. t.) To enclose or carry in the bosom; to keep with care; to take to heart; to cherish.
11. (v. t.) To conceal; to hide from view; to embosom.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
booz'-um (kolpos Abraam; kolpoi Abraam): Figurative. The expression occurs in Luke 16:22, 23, in the parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus, to denote the place of repose to which Lazarus was carried after his death. The figure is suggested by the practice of the guest at a feast reclining on the breast of his neighbor. Thus, John leaned on the breast of Jesus at supper (John 21:20). The rabbis divided the state after death (Sheol) into a place for the righteous and a place for the wicked (see ESCHATOLOGY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT; SHEOL); but it is doubtful whether the figure of Jesus quite corresponds with this idea. "Abraham's bosom" is not spoken of as in "Hades," but rather as distinguished from it (Luke 16:23)-a place of blessedness by itself. There Abraham receives, as at a feast, the truly faithful, and admits them to closest intimacy. It may be regarded as equivalent to the "Paradise" of Luke 23:43. See HADES; PARADISE.
booz'-um: In the ordinary signification of the anterior upper portion of the trunk of the body, choq or cheq, "inlet", "lap" (Exodus 4:6, 7 Numbers 11:12 Deuteronomy 13:6; Deuteronomy 28:54, 56; Ruth 4:16 Psalm 74:11 Isaiah 65:6, 7 Lamentations 2:12). "A present in the bosom" (Proverbs 21:14): bribes carried ready for use in the fold of the robe. chetsen = "bosom" (with special reference to that portion of the body which is between the arms), occurs in Psalm 129:7; chobh = "a cherisher," hence, "the bosom" (Job 31:33); tsallachath = something advanced or deep, "a bowl"; figurative "the bosom" (Proverbs 19:24 the King James Version; Proverbs 26:15 the King James Version). The Greek employs kolpos (Luke 6:38 John 13:23). For Abraham's bosom, see separate article.
Figurative: In a figurative sense it denotes intimacy and unrestrained intercourse (Genesis 16:5 2 Samuel 12:8); tender care and watchfulness (Isaiah 40:11); closest intimacy and most perfect knowledge (John 1:18); "into their bosom" (Psalm 79:12) indicates the bosom as the seat of thought and reflection.
F. E. Hirsch
See ABRAHAM'S BOSOM.
Bosom (47 Occurrences)
Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Luke 16:22 It happened that the beggar died, and that he was carried away by the angels to Abraham's bosom. The rich man also died, and was buried. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Luke 16:23 In Hades, he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far off, and Lazarus at his bosom. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
John 1:18 No one has seen God at any time. The one and only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has declared him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
John 13:23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved. (KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
John 13:25 So he, having his head on Jesus's bosom, leaned back and asked, "Master, who is it?" (WEY NAS)
John 21:20 Then Peter, turning around, saw a disciple following. This was the disciple whom Jesus sincerely loved, the one who had also leaned on Jesus' breast at the supper and asked, "Lord, who is going to betray You?" (See NAS)
Genesis 16:5 Sarai said to Abram, "This wrong is your fault. I gave my handmaid into your bosom, and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes. Yahweh judge between me and you." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 4:6 And the LORD said furthermore unto him, Put now thine hand into thy bosom. And he put his hand into his bosom: and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as snow. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 4:7 And he said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Numbers 11:12 Have I conceived all this people? Have I brought them forth, that you should tell me,'Carry them in your bosom, as a nurse carries a nursing infant, to the land which you swore to their fathers?' (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 13:6 If your brother, the son of your mother, or your son, or your daughter, or the wife of your bosom, or your friend, who is as your own soul, entice you secretly, saying, "Let us go and serve other gods," which you have not known, you, nor your fathers; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Deuteronomy 28:54 The man who is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children whom he has remaining; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Deuteronomy 28:56 The tender and delicate woman among you, who would not adventure to set the sole of her foot on the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Ruth 4:16 Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse to it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
2 Samuel 12:3 but the poor man had nothing, except one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and raised. It grew up together with him, and with his children. It ate of his own food, drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was to him like a daughter. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Samuel 12:8 I gave you your master's house, and your master's wives into your bosom, and gave you the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that would have been too little, I would have added to you many more such things. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
1 Kings 1:2 Therefore his servants said to him, "Let there be sought for my lord the king a young virgin: and let her stand before the king, and cherish him; and let her lie in your bosom, that my lord the king may keep warm." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 3:20 She arose at midnight, and took my son from beside me, while your handmaid slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 17:19 He said to her, "Give me your son." He took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into the room where he stayed, and laid him on his own bed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 19:27 Whom I -- I see on my side, And mine eyes have beheld, and not a stranger, Consumed have been my reins in my bosom. (YLT)
Job 23:12 I haven't gone back from the commandment of his lips. I have treasured up the words of his mouth more than my necessary food. (See RSV)
Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth. I afflicted my soul with fasting. My prayer returned into my own bosom. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 41:9 Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate bread with me, has lifted up his heel against me. (See RSV)
Psalms 74:11 Why withdrawest thou thy hand, even thy right hand? pluck it out of thy bosom. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 79:12 Pay back to our neighbors seven times into their bosom their reproach with which they have reproached you, Lord. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 89:50 Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people; (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 129:7 with which the reaper doesn't fill his hand, nor he who binds sheaves, his bosom. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 5:20 For why should you, my son, be captivated with an adulteress? Why embrace the bosom of another? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 6:27 Can a man take fire in his bosom, and his clothes not be burned? (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 17:23 A wicked man taketh a gift out of the bosom to pervert the ways of judgment. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 19:24 A slothful man hideth his hand in his bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth again. (KJV WBS)
Proverbs 21:14 A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 26:15 The slothful hideth his hand in his bosom; it grieveth him to bring it again to his mouth. (KJV WBS)
Ecclesiastes 7:9 Don't be hasty in your spirit to be angry, for anger rests in the bosom of fools. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 40:11 He will feed his flock like a shepherd. He will gather the lambs in his arm, and carry them in his bosom. He will gently lead those who have their young. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 49:22 Thus says the Lord Yahweh, "Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and set up my banner to the peoples; and they shall bring your sons in their bosom, and your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 65:6 "Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, yes, I will recompense into their bosom, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 65:7 your own iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together," says Yahweh, "who have burned incense on the mountains, and blasphemed me on the hills; therefore will I first measure their work into their bosom." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 66:11 So that you may take of the comfort flowing from her breasts, and be delighted with the full measure of her glory. (See NAS)
Jeremiah 32:18 who show loving kindness to thousands, and recompense the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them; the great, the mighty God, Yahweh of Armies is his name; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Lamentations 2:12 They tell their mothers, Where is grain and wine? When they swoon as the wounded in the streets of the city, When their soul is poured out into their mothers' bosom. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 23:3 and they played the prostitute in Egypt; they played the prostitute in their youth; there were their breasts pressed, and there was handled the bosom of their virginity. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 23:8 Neither has she left her prostitution since the days of Egypt; for in her youth they lay with her, and they handled the bosom of her virginity; and they poured out their prostitution on her. (WEB ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 23:21 Thus you called to memory the lewdness of your youth, in the handling of your bosom by the Egyptians for the breasts of your youth. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Micah 7:5 Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of thy mouth from her that lieth in thy bosom. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)