|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the Cytisus scoparius of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, minute leaves, and large yellow flowers.
2. (n.) An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; -- so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom.
3. (v. t.) See Bream.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
broom: Occurs in 1 Kings 19:4 m ("broomtree"); Job 30:4, and Psalm 120:4 m as the translation of the Hebrew rothem, where the King James Version employed "juniper" which is retained in the Revised Version (British and American) text in 1 Kings 19:4 and Job 30:4. Juniper is certainly incorrect and broom is not a particularly happy rendering. The rothem was doubtless the shrub called by the Arabs ratam, a shrub which casts so little shadow that it would be used for shade only when there was no other refuge from the desert sun, and would be eaten only in case of the direst necessity, but which could be burned and used for the making of charcoal.
David Foster Estes
Broom (5 Occurrences)
1 Kings 19:4 While he himself went a day's journey into the waste land, and took a seat under a broom-plant, desiring for himself only death; for he said, It is enough: now, O Lord, take away my life, for I am no better than my fathers. (BBE DBY JPS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 19:5 And stretching himself on the earth, he went to sleep under the broom-plant; but an angel, touching him, said to him, Get up and have some food. (BBE DBY JPS RSV)
Job 30:4 They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 120:4 Sharp arrows of a mighty one, with burning coals of broom-wood. (DBY JPS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 14:23 "I will also make it a possession for the porcupine, and pools of water. I will sweep it with the broom of destruction," says Yahweh of Armies. (WEB NAS RSV NIV)