|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Properly a servant in charge of the wine (Genesis 40:1-13; 41:9). The Hebrew word, mashkeh, thus translated is rendered also (plural) "cup-bearers" (1 Kings 10:5; 2 Chronicles 9:4). Nehemiah (1:11) was cup-bearer to king Artaxerxes. It was a position of great responsibility and honour in royal households.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) An officer in a king's or a nobleman's household, whose principal business it is to take charge of the liquors, plate, etc.; the head servant in a large house.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
but'-ler: An officer in households of kings, or other dignitaries, having charge of wines and other potables. mashqeh, "one who gives drink" (Genesis 40:1-23; Genesis 41:9), rendered "cupbearer" in 1 Kings 10:5 2 Chronicles 9:4; Nehemiah 1:11. The office was one of consider ble importance in oriental courts, because of the danger to the king's life through plots of poison, etc. Nehemiah held this position to King Artaxerxes. Wealthy courts, as that of Solomon, usually had more than one (1 Kings 10:5); over these cupbearers or butlers was the sar ha-mash-qim, or chief butler (Genesis 40:9).
Edward Bagby Pollard
Butler (9 Occurrences)
Genesis 40:1 It happened after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker offended their lord, the king of Egypt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 40:2 And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers. (Root in KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 40:5 And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the prison. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 40:9 And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me; (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 40:13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt deliver Pharaoh's cup into his hand, after the former manner when thou wast his butler. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 40:21 And he restored the chief butler unto his butlership again; and he gave the cup into Pharaoh's hand: (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 40:23 Yet did not the chief butler remember Joseph, but forgat him. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 41:9 Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day: (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Nehemiah 1:11 I beseech Thee, O Lord, let, I pray Thee, Thine ear be attentive unto the prayer of Thy servant, and unto the prayer of Thy servants, those delighting to fear Thy Name; and give prosperity, I pray Thee, to Thy servant to-day, and give him for mercies before this man;' and I have been butler to the king. (YLT)