|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
In the expression "by myself" (A.V., 1 Corinthians 4:4), means, as rendered in the Revised Version, "against myself."
By and byImmediately (Matthew 13:21; R.V., "straightway;" Luke 21:9).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (pref.) In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with; as, come and sit by me.
2. (pref.) On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.
3. (pref.) Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side of; past; as, to go by a church.
4. (pref.) Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty feet by forty.
5. (pref.) Against.
6. (pref.) With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force.
7. (adv.) Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no person by at the time.
8. (adv.) Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession has gone by; a bird flew by.
9. (adv.) Aside; as, to lay by; to put by.
10. (a.) Out of the common path; aside; -- used in composition, giving the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as, by-line, by-place, by-play, by-street. It was formerly more freely used in composition than it is now; as, by-business, by-concernment, by-design, by-interest, etc.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
In the sense of "against" which survives only in dialectal English (compare Wright, Dialect Dict., I, 470, for examples) is the King James Version rendering of the dative emauto of 1 Corinthians 4:4 (the American Standard Revised Version renders this "against"). In classical Greek the same idiom sunoida with dative = "be conscious" or "be cognizant of" a thing.
By (30426 Occurrences)
By occurs 30426 times in 12 translations.
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