|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Hebrew millah (Job 30:9), a word or speech, and hence object of talk; Hebrew mashal (Psalm 44:14), a proverb or parable. When it denotes a sharp word of derision, as in Deuteronomy 28:37, 1 Kings 9:7, 2 Chronicles 7:20, the Hebrew sheninah is used. In Jeremiah 24:9 it is rendered "taunt."
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A common saying; a proverb; a saying that has a general currency.
2. (n.) The object of a contemptuous saying.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
bi'-wurd: shammah = "consternation," "astonishment," "waste," "wonderful language," "object of remark" (Deuteronomy 28:37 1 Kings 9:7 2 Chronicles 7:20); mashal, or meshol = "a satire," "byword" (Job 17:6 Psalm 44:14); millah, or milleh = "a topic," "object of talk," "byword" (Job 30:9).
Byword (14 Occurrences)
Deuteronomy 28:37 You shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all the peoples where Yahweh shall lead you away. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT RSV)
1 Kings 9:7 then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have made holy for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all peoples. (WEB KJV ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 7:20 then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have made holy for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and I will make it a proverb and a byword among all peoples. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 17:6 "But he has made me a byword of the people. They spit in my face. (WEB KJV JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Job 30:9 "Now I have become their song. Yes, I am a byword to them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 44:14 You make us a byword among the nations, a shaking of the head among the peoples. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 69:11 When I made sackcloth my clothing, I became a byword to them. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 24:9 And I have given them for a trembling, For evil -- to all kingdoms of the earth, For a reproach, and for a simile, For a byword, and for a reviling, In all the places whither I drive them. (YLT RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 14:8 and I will set my face against that man, and will make him an astonishment, for a sign and a proverb, and I will cut him off from the midst of my people; and you shall know that I am Yahweh. (See RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 16:56 For your sister Sodom was not mentioned by your mouth in the day of your pride, (See RSV)
Ezekiel 23:10 These uncovered her nakedness; they took her sons and her daughters; and her they killed with the sword: and she became a byword among women; for they executed judgments on her. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 9:16 Lord, according to all your righteousness, let your anger and please let your wrath be turned away from your city Jerusalem, your holy mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and your people have become a reproach to all who are around us. (See RSV)
Joel 2:17 Let the priests, the ministers of Jehovah, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, Spare, O Jehovah, thy people, and give not thine inheritance to reproach, that they should be a byword of the nations. Wherefore should they say among the peoples, Where is their God? (DBY JPS NAS RSV NIV)
Zechariah 8:13 It shall come to pass that, as you were a curse among the nations, house of Judah and house of Israel, so will I save you, and you shall be a blessing. Don't be afraid. Let your hands be strong." (See RSV)