|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
A vehicle moving on wheels, and usually drawn by oxen (2 Samuel 6:3). The Hebrew word thus rendered, 'agalah (1 Samuel 6:7, 8), is also rendered "wagon" (Genesis 45:19). It is used also to denote a war-chariot (Psalm 46:9). Carts were used for the removal of the ark and its sacred utensils (Numbers 7:3, 6). After retaining the ark amongst them for seven months, the Philistines sent it back to the Israelites. On this occasion they set it in a new cart, probably a rude construction, with solid wooden wheels like that still used in Western Asia, which was drawn by two milch cows, which conveyed it straight to Beth-shemesh.
A "cart rope," for the purpose of fastening loads on carts, is used (Isaiah 5:18) as a symbol of the power of sinful pleasures or habits over him who indulges them. (see CORD.) In Syria and Palestine wheel-carriages for any other purpose than the conveyance of agricultural produce are almost unknown.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A common name for various kinds of vehicles, as a Scythian dwelling on wheels, or a chariot.
2. (n.) A two-wheeled vehicle for the ordinary purposes of husbandry, or for transporting bulky and heavy articles.
3. (n.) A light business wagon used by bakers, grocery men, butchers, etc.
4. (n.) An open two-wheeled pleasure carriage.
5. (v. t.) To carry or convey in a cart.
6. (v. t.) To expose in a cart by way of punishment.
7. (v. i.) To carry burdens in a cart; to follow the business of a carter.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
kart (`aghalah): The Hebrew word has been translated in some passages "cart," and in others "wagon." In one verse only has it been translated "chariot." The context of the various passages indicates that a distinction was made between vehicles which were used for carrying baggage or produce and those used for carrying riders (chariots), although in their primitive form of construction they were much the same (compare English "cart" and "carriage").
Carts, like "chariots" (which see), were of Assyrian origin. They were early carried to Egypt where the flat nature of the country readily led to their adoption. From Egypt they gradually found their way among the people of the Palestinian plains. In the hills of Judea and Central Palestine, except where highways were built (1 Samuel 6:12), the nature of the country prevented the use of wheeled vehicles. 1 Samuel 6:7, 8, 10, 11, 14 show that the people of the plains used carts. The men of Kiriath-jearim found it easier to carry the ark (1 Samuel 7:1). Their attempt to use a cart later (2 Samuel 6:3, 1 1 Chronicles 13:7) proved disastrous and they abandoned it for a safer way (2 Samuel 6:13).
That carts were used at a very early date is indicated by Numbers 7:3, 7, 8. That these vehicles were not the common mode of conveyance in Palestine is shown in Genesis 45. Pharaoh commanded that Joseph's brethren should return to their father with their beasts of burden (Genesis 45:21) and take with them Egyptian wagons (Genesis 45:19, 21; Genesis 46:6) for bringing back their father and their families. The very unusual sight of the wagons was proof to Jacob of Joseph's existence (Genesis 45:27).
Bible descriptions and ancient Babylonian and Egyptian pictures indicate that the cart was usually two-wheeled and drawn by two oxen.
With the Arabian conquests and subsequent ruin of the roads wheeled vehicles disappeared from Syria and Palestine. History is again repeating itself. The Circassians, whom the Turkish government has settled near Caesarea, Jerash (Gerasa) and Amman (Philadelphia), have introduced a crude cart which must be similar to that used in Old Testament times. The two wheels are of solid wood. A straight shaft is joined to the wooden axle, and to this a yoke of oxen is attached. On the Philistian plains may be seen carts of present-day Egyptian origin but of a pattern many centuries old. With the establishment of government roads during the last 50 years, European vehicles of all descriptions are fast coming into the country.
One figurative reference is made to the cart (Isaiah 5:18), but its meaning is obscure.
James A. Patch
Cart (12 Occurrences)
Numbers 7:3 And they came with their offerings before the Lord, six covered carts and twelve oxen; a cart for every two of the chiefs, and for every one an ox. (Root in BBE NAS NIV)
1 Samuel 6:7 "Now therefore take and prepare yourselves a new cart, and two milk cows, on which there has come no yoke; and tie the cows to the cart, and bring their calves home from them; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 6:8 and take the ark of Yahweh, and lay it on the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which you return him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by its side; and send it away, that it may go. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 6:10 The men did so, and took two milk cows, and tied them to the cart, and shut up their calves at home; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 6:11 and they put the ark of Yahweh on the cart, and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their tumors. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 6:14 The cart came into the field of Joshua of Beth Shemesh, and stood there, where there was a great stone: and they split the wood of the cart, and offered up the cows for a burnt offering to Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 6:3 They set the ark of God on a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in the hill: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 13:7 They carried the ark of God on a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab: and Uzza and Ahio drove the cart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 5:18 Woe to those who draw iniquity with cords of falsehood, and wickedness as with cart rope; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 28:27 For the dill are not threshed with a sharp instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned over the cumin; but the dill is beaten out with a stick, and the cumin with a rod. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 28:28 Bread flour must be ground; so he will not always be threshing it. Although he drives the wheel of his threshing cart over it, his horses don't grind it. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Amos 2:13 Behold, I will crush you in your place, as a cart crushes that is full of grain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)