|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
There are five instances of a census of the Jewish people having been taken.
(1.) In the fourth month after the Exodus, when the people were encamped at Sinai. The number of men from twenty years old and upward was then 603,550 (Exodus 38:26).
(2.) Another census was made just before the entrance into Canaan, when the number was found to be 601,730, showing thus a small decrease (Numbers 26:51).
(3.) The next census was in the time of David, when the number, exclusive of the tribes of Levi and Benjamin, was found to be 1,300,000 (2 Samuel 24:9; 1 Chronicles 21:5).
(4.) Solomon made a census of the foreigners in the land, and found 153,600 able-bodied workmen (2 Chronicles 2:17, 18).
(5.) After the return from Exile the whole congregation of Israel was numbered, and found to amount to 42,360 (Ezra 2:64). A census was made by the Roman government in the time of our Lord (Luke 2:1). (see TAXING.)
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A numbering of the people in a country, and valuation of their estate, for the purpose of imposing taxes, etc.; -- usually made once in five years.
2. (n.) An official registration of the number of the people, the value of their estates, and other general statistics of a country.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
See DAVID; QUIRINIUS.
Census (24 Occurrences)
Luke 2:1 But it came to pass in those days that a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census should be made of all the habitable world. (DBY NAS NIV)
Luke 2:2 The census itself first took place when Cyrenius had the government of Syria. (DBY NAS NIV)
Luke 2:3 And all went to be inscribed in the census roll, each to his own city: (DBY NAS)
Luke 2:5 to be inscribed in the census roll with Mary who was betrothed to him as his wife, she being great with child. (DBY)
Acts 5:37 After him, at the time of the Census, came Judas, the Galilaean, and was the leader in a revolt. He too perished, and all his followers were scattered. (WEY DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:12 "When you take a census of the children of Israel, according to those who are numbered among them, then each man shall give a ransom for his soul to Yahweh, when you number them; that there be no plague among them when you number them. (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:14 Everyone who passes over to those who are numbered, from twenty years old and upward, shall give the offering to Yahweh. (See RSV)
Exodus 38:25 The silver of those who were numbered of the congregation was one hundred talents, and one thousand seven hundred seventy-five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary: (See NIV)
Numbers 1:2 "Take a census of all the congregation of the children of Israel, by their families, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of the names, every male, one by one; (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 1:49 "Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number, neither shall you take a census of them among the children of Israel; (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 4:2 "Take a census of the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, by their families, by their fathers' houses, (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 4:22 "Take a census of the sons of Gershon also, by their fathers' houses, by their families; (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 14:29 your dead bodies shall fall in this wilderness; and all who were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, who have murmured against me, (See NIV)
Numbers 26:2 "Take a census of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, by their fathers' houses, all who are able to go forth to war in Israel." (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 26:4 " Take a census of the people, from twenty years old and upward; as Yahweh commanded Moses and the children of Israel." These are those that came out of the land of Egypt. (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 31:49 and they said to Moses, "Your servants have taken the sum of the men of war who are under our command, and there lacks not one man of us. (See NAS)
2 Samuel 24:1 Again the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, "Go, number Israel and Judah." (See NIV)
2 Kings 12:4 Jehoash said to the priests, "All the money of the holy things that is brought into the house of Yahweh, in current money, the money of the persons for whom each man is rated, and all the money that it comes into any man's heart to bring into the house of Yahweh, (See NIV)
1 Chronicles 21:1 Satan stood up against Israel, and moved David to number Israel. (See NIV)
1 Chronicles 21:5 Joab gave up the sum of the numbering of the people to David. All those of Israel were one million one hundred thousand men who drew sword: and in Judah were four hundred seventy thousand men who drew sword. (See NAS)
1 Chronicles 23:3 The Levites were numbered from thirty years old and upward: and their number by their polls, man by man, was thirty-eight thousand. (See NAS)
1 Chronicles 23:24 These were the sons of Levi after their fathers' houses, even the heads of the fathers' houses of those who were counted individually, in the number of names by their polls, who did the work for the service of the house of Yahweh, from twenty years old and upward. (See NAS)
2 Chronicles 2:17 Solomon numbered all the foreigners who were in the land of Israel, after the numbering with which David his father had numbered them; and they were found one hundred fifty-three thousand six hundred. (See NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 25:5 Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together, and ordered them according to their fathers' houses, under captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, even all Judah and Benjamin: and he numbered them from twenty years old and upward, and found them three hundred thousand chosen men, able to go forth to war, who could handle spear and shield. (See NAS)