|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
A Roman officer in command of a hundred men (Mark 15:39, 44, 45). Cornelius, the first Gentile convert, was a centurion (Acts 10:1, 22). Other centurions are mentioned in Matthew 8:5, 8, 13; Luke 7:2, 6; Acts 21:32; 22:25, 26; 23:17, 23; 24:23; 27:1, 6, 11, 31, 43; 28:16. A centurion watched the crucifixion of our Lord (Matthew 27:54; Luke 23:47), and when he saw the wonders attending it, exclaimed, "Truly this man was the Son of God." "The centurions mentioned in the New Testament are uniformly spoken of in terms of praise, whether in the Gospels or in the Acts. It is interesting to compare this with the statement of Polybius (vi. 24), that the centurions were chosen by merit, and so were men remarkable not so much for their daring courage as for their deliberation, constancy, and strength of mind.", Dr. Maclear's N. T. Hist.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) A Roman military officer who commanded a company of one hundred men; a captain of a century.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
sen-tu'-ri-un: As the name implies, hekatontarches or hekatontarchos, kenturion, Latin centurio, was the commander of a hundred men, more or less, in a Roman legion. Matthew and Luke use the Greek word while Mark prefers the Latin form, as he does in the case of other words, seeing that he wrote primarily for Roman readers. The number of centurions in a legion was 60, that being at all epochs the number of centuries, although the number varied in the cohort or speira. The ordinary duties of the centurion were to drill his men, inspect their arms, food and clothing, and to command them in the camp and in the field. Centurions were sometimes employed on detached service the conditions of which in the provinces are somewhat obscure. Men like Cornelius and Julius (Acts 10:1; Acts 27:1) may have been separated from the legion to which they properly belonged for the discharge of special duties. They and other centurions mentioned in the Gospels and the Acts (Matthew 8:5 Mark 15:39, 44, 45 Luke 23:47) are represented by the sacred writers in a favorable light.
See AUGUSTAN BAND.
Centurion (22 Occurrences)
Matthew 8:5 When he came into Capernaum, a centurion came to him, asking him, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 8:8 The centurion answered, "Lord, I'm not worthy for you to come under my roof. Just say the word, and my servant will be healed. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 8:13 Jesus said to the centurion, "Go your way. Let it be done for you as you have believed." His servant was healed in that hour. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:54 Now the centurion, and those who were with him watching Jesus, when they saw the earthquake, and the things that were done, feared exceedingly, saying, "Truly this was the Son of God." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:39 When the centurion, who stood by opposite him, saw that he cried out like this and breathed his last, he said, "Truly this man was the Son of God!" (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:44 Pilate marveled if he were already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him whether he had been dead long. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:45 When he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 7:2 A certain centurion's servant, who was dear to him, was sick and at the point of death. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 7:6 Jesus went with them. When he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying to him, "Lord, don't trouble yourself, for I am not worthy for you to come under my roof. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 23:47 When the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, "Certainly this was a righteous man." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 10:1 Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, Cornelius by name, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 10:22 They said, "Cornelius, a centurion, a righteous man and one who fears God, and well spoken of by all the nation of the Jews, was directed by a holy angel to invite you to his house, and to listen to what you say." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 22:25 When they had tied him up with thongs, Paul asked the centurion who stood by, "Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman, and not found guilty?" (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 22:26 When the centurion heard it, he went to the commanding officer and told him, "Watch what you are about to do, for this man is a Roman!" (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 23:18 So he took him, and brought him to the commanding officer, and said, "Paul, the prisoner, summoned me and asked me to bring this young man to you, who has something to tell you." (See NIV)
Acts 24:23 He ordered the centurion that Paul should be kept in custody, and should have some privileges, and not to forbid any of his friends to serve him or to visit him. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 27:1 When it was determined that we should sail for Italy, they delivered Paul and certain other prisoners to a centurion named Julius, of the Augustan band. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 27:6 There the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing for Italy, and he put us on board. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 27:11 But the centurion gave more heed to the master and to the owner of the ship than to those things which were spoken by Paul. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 27:31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, "Unless these stay in the ship, you can't be saved." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 27:43 But the centurion, desiring to save Paul, stopped them from their purpose, and commanded that those who could swim should throw themselves overboard first to go toward the land; (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 28:16 When we entered into Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard, but Paul was allowed to stay by himself with the soldier who guarded him. (WEB KJV DBY WBS YLT)