|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
"on the wall," which the Shunammite prepared for the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 4:10), was an upper chamber over the porch through the hall toward the street. This was the "guest chamber" where entertainments were prepared (Mark 14:14). There were also "chambers within chambers" (1 Kings 22:25; 2 Kings 9:2). To enter into a chamber is used metaphorically of prayer and communion with God (Isaiah 26:20). The "chambers of the south" (Job 9:9) are probably the constelations of the southern hemisphere. The "chambers of imagery", i.e., chambers painted with images, as used by Ezekiel (8:12), is an expression denoting the vision the prophet had of the abominations practised by the Jews in Jerusalem.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A retired room, esp. an upper room used for sleeping; a bedroom; as, the house had four chambers.
2. (n.) Apartments in a lodging house.
3. (n.) A hall, as where a king gives audience, or a deliberative body or assembly meets; as, presence chamber; senate chamber.
4. (n.) A legislative or judicial body; an assembly; a society or association; as, the Chamber of Deputies; the Chamber of Commerce.
5. (n.) A compartment or cell; an enclosed space or cavity; as, the chamber of a canal lock; the chamber of a furnace; the chamber of the eye.
6. (n.) A room or rooms where a lawyer transacts business; a room or rooms where a judge transacts such official business as may be done out of court.
7. (n.) A chamber pot.
8. (n.) That part of the bore of a piece of ordnance which holds the charge, esp. when of different diameter from the rest of the bore; -- formerly, in guns, made smaller than the bore, but now larger, esp. in breech-loading guns.
9. (n.) A cavity in a mine, usually of a cubical form, to contain the powder.
10. (n.) A short piece of ordnance or cannon, which stood on its breech, without any carriage, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical cannonades.
11. (v. i.) To reside in or occupy a chamber or chambers.
12. (v. i.) To be lascivious.
13. (v. t.) To shut up, as in a chamber.
14. (v. t.) To furnish with a chamber; as, to chamber a gun.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
cham'-ber (the translation of the following Hebrew words: chedher, chuppah, yatsia`, yatsua`, lishkah, nishkah, `aliyah, tsela`, and the Aramaic word `illith): For the most part the word chamber is the expression of an idea which would be adequately expressed by the English word "room," in accordance with an earlier use of the word, now little employed. For the arrangement of rooms in a Hebrew house, see HOUSE. Chedher is a word of frequent occurrence, and designates a private room. Chuppah is translated "chamber" only in Psalm 19:5, where it is used in connection with "bridegroom," and means a bridal chamber. The same Hebrew word used of the bride in Joel 2:16 is rendered "closet." Yatsia` and yatsua` are found only in 1 Kings 6:5, 6, 10 (the King James Version only in all the passages), yatsua` being the reading of Kethibh and yatsia` of Kere in each ease. Here the meaning is really "story," as given in the Revised Version (British and American), except in 1 Kings 6:6, where doubtless the text should be changed to read ha-tsela`, "the side-chamber." Lishkah, a frequent word, and the equivalent nishkah, infrequent, are used ordinarily of a room in the temple utilized for sacred purposes, occasionally of a room in the palace. `Aliyah and the equivalent Aramaic `illith signify "a roof chamber," i.e. a chamber built on the flat roof of a house. Tsela`, when used of a chamber, designates a side-chamber of the temple. It is usually rendered "side-chamber," but "chamber" in 1 Kings 6:5, 8 (the King James Version), where the Revised Version (British and American) has "side-chamber."
George Ricker Berry
UPPER CHAMBER; UPPER ROOM
up'-er cham'-ber, (`aliyah (2 Kings 1:2), etc.; anogeon (Mark 14:15 Luke 22:12), huperoon (Acts 1:13; Acts 9:37, 39; 20:8)): In Judges 3:20 the English Revised Version renders "summer parlor" and in the margin "Hebrew: `Upper chamber of cooling.' " This was probably a roof-chamber. The "upper chamber" of Ahaziah in 2 Kings 1:2 was evidently in the 2nd story of the building. On the "upper chambers" of the temple (1 Chronicles 28:11 2 Chronicles 3:9), see TEMPLE. The "large upper room" which was the scene of the Last Supper, with that in Acts 1:13, was also plainly an upper-story chamber. That in Acts 20:8 was in the 3rd story (at Miletus, a Greek city).
See also HOUSE.
Chamber (73 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:6 But you, when you pray, enter into your inner chamber, and having shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. (WEB ASV DBY YLT)
Luke 22:66 As soon as it was day, the assembly of the elders of the people was gathered together, both chief priests and scribes, and they led him away into their council, saying, (See NAS)
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into the upper chamber, where they were abiding; both Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James 'the son' of Alphaeus, and Simon the Zealot, and Judas 'the son' of James. (ASV DBY)
Acts 9:37 It happened in those days that she fell sick, and died. When they had washed her, they laid her in an upper chamber. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Acts 9:39 Peter got up and went with them. When he had come, they brought him into the upper chamber. All the widows stood by him weeping, and showing the coats and garments which Dorcas had made while she was with them. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Acts 20:8 There were many lights in the upper chamber where we were gathered together. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Acts 25:23 on the morrow, therefore -- on the coming of Agrippa and Bernice with much display, and they having entered into the audience chamber, with the chief captains also, and the principal men of the city, and Festus having ordered -- Paul was brought forth. (YLT)
Genesis 43:30 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Numbers 25:8 and he went after the man of Israel into the tent-chamber, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel and the woman through her belly. And the plague was stayed from the children of Israel. (DBY JPS)
Judges 3:20 And Ehud came to him, as he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, "I have a message from God for you." And he arose from his seat. (DBY JPS YLT NAS RSV)
Judges 3:23 Then Ehud went out into the vestibule, and closed the doors of the roof chamber upon him, and locked them. (DBY JPS YLT NAS RSV)
Judges 3:24 Now when he was gone out, his servants came; and they saw, and behold, the doors of the upper room were locked; and they said, "Surely he is covering his feet in the upper chamber." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Judges 3:25 And they waited till they were utterly at a loss; but when he still did not open the doors of the roof chamber, they took the key and opened them; and there lay their lord dead on the floor. (DBY JPS YLT NAS RSV)
Judges 9:46 When all the men of the tower of Shechem heard of it, they entered into the stronghold of the house of Elberith. (See NAS)
Judges 9:49 All the people likewise each cut down his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put them at the base of the stronghold, and set the stronghold on fire on them; so that all the people of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women. (See NAS)
Judges 15:1 But it happened after a while, in the time of wheat harvest, that Samson visited his wife with a young goat; and he said, "I will go in to my wife into the chamber." But her father wouldn't allow him to go in. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Judges 16:9 Now she had an ambush waiting in the inner chamber. She said to him, "The Philistines are on you, Samson!" He broke the cords, as a string of tow is broken when it touches the fire. So his strength was not known. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Judges 16:12 So Delilah took new ropes, and bound him therewith, and said to him, "The Philistines are on you, Samson!" The ambush was waiting in the inner chamber. He broke them off his arms like a thread. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
1 Samuel 9:22 And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the guest-chamber, and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, who were about thirty persons. (ASV DBY JPS YLT)
2 Samuel 13:10 And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
2 Samuel 18:33 The king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept. As he went, he said, "My son Absalom! My son, my son Absalom! I wish I had died for you, Absalom, my son, my son!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 1:15 Bathsheba went in to the king into the chamber. The king was very old; and Abishag the Shunammite was ministering to the king. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
1 Kings 6:6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house. (KJV WBS)
1 Kings 6:8 The door for the middle side chambers was in the right side of the house: and they went up by winding stairs into the middle story, and out of the middle into the third. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS)
1 Kings 14:28 It was so, that as often as the king went into the house of Yahweh, the guard bore them, and brought them back into the guard chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 17:19 And he said unto her, Give me thy son. And he took him out of her bosom, and carried him up into the chamber, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed. (ASV DBY JPS YLT RSV)
1 Kings 17:23 Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house, and delivered him to his mother; and Elijah said, "Behold, your son lives." The First Book of Chronicles (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and the wall fell on twenty-seven thousand men who were left. Ben Hadad fled, and came into the city, into an inner chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
1 Kings 22:25 Micaiah said, "Behold, you will see on that day, when you go into an inner chamber to hide yourself." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
2 Kings 1:2 Ahaziah fell down through the lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick. So he sent messengers, and said to them, "Go, inquire of Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I will recover of this sickness." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 4:10 Let us make, please, a little chamber on the wall. Let us set for him there a bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp stand. It shall be, when he comes to us, that he shall turn in there." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 4:11 One day he came there, and he turned into the chamber and lay there. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 9:2 And when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi, and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber; (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
2 Kings 23:11 He took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entrance of the house of Yahweh, by the chamber of Nathan Melech the officer, who was in the court; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 23:12 The altars that were on the roof of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of Yahweh, did the king break down, and beat them down from there, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Chronicles 12:11 It was so, that as often as the king entered into the house of Yahweh, the guard came and bore them, and brought them back into the guard chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 18:24 Micaiah said, Behold, you shall see on that day, when you shall go into an inner chamber to hide yourself. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
2 Chronicles 22:11 But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king's sons who were slain, and put him and his nurse in the bedchamber. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah, so that she didn't kill him. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Ezra 10:6 Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of Jehohanan the son of Eliashib: and when he came there, he ate no bread, nor drank water; for he mourned because of the trespass of them of the captivity. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Nehemiah 3:30 After him repaired Hananiah the son of Shelemiah, and Hanun the sixth son of Zalaph, another portion. After him repaired Meshullam the son of Berechiah over against his chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Nehemiah 3:31 After him repaired Malchijah one of the goldsmiths unto the house of the Nethinim, and of the merchants, over against the gate of Hammiphkad, and to the ascent of the corner. (See JPS RSV)
Nehemiah 3:32 And between the ascent of the corner and the sheep gate repaired the goldsmiths and the merchants. (See JPS RSV)
Nehemiah 13:4 Now before this, Eliashib the priest, who was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, being allied to Tobiah, (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Nehemiah 13:5 had prepared for him a great chamber, where before they laid the meal offerings, the frankincense, and the vessels, and the tithes of the grain, the new wine, and the oil, which were given by commandment to the Levites, and the singers, and the porters; and the wave offerings for the priests. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Nehemiah 13:7 and I came to Jerusalem, and understood the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, in preparing him a chamber in the courts of the house of God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Nehemiah 13:8 It grieved me sore: therefore I cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Job 33:17 That he may withdraw man from his purpose, and hide pride from man. chamber to the highest by the middle chamber. (WEB)
Job 37:9 Out of its chamber comes the storm, and cold out of the north. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT RSV NIV)
Psalms 19:5 which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, like a strong man rejoicing to run his course. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Psalms 45:13 The princess inside is all glorious. Her clothing is interwoven with gold. (See RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 3:4 I had scarcely passed from them, when I found him whom my soul loves. I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother's house, into the chamber of her who conceived me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Song of Songs 8:2 I would take you by the hand into my mother's house, and she would be my teacher. I would give you drink of spiced wine, drink of the pomegranate. (See RSV)
Jeremiah 35:4 and I brought them into the house of Yahweh, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan the son of Igdaliah, the man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the threshold. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 36:10 Then read Baruch in the book the words of Jeremiah in the house of Yahweh, in the chamber of Gemariah the son of Shaphan, the scribe, in the upper court, at the entry of the new gate of Yahweh's house, in the ears of all the people. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 36:12 he went down into the king's house, into the scribe's chamber: and behold, all the princes were sitting there, to wit, Elishama the scribe, and Delaiah the son of Shemaiah, and Elnathan the son of Achbor, and Gemariah the son of Shaphan, and Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, and all the princes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 36:20 They went in to the king into the court; but they had laid up the scroll in the chamber of Elishama the scribe; and they told all the words in the ears of the king. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 36:21 So the king sent Jehudi to get the scroll; and he took it out of the chamber of Elishama the scribe. Jehudi read it in the ears of the king, and in the ears of all the princes who stood beside the king. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 16:24 that you have built for yourselves a vaulted place, and have made yourselves a lofty place in every street. (See RSV)
Ezekiel 16:31 in that you build your vaulted place at the head of every way, and make your lofty place in every street, and have not been as a prostitute, in that you scorn pay. (See RSV)
Ezekiel 16:39 I will also give you into their hand, and they shall throw down your vaulted place, and break down your lofty places; and they shall strip you of your clothes, and take your beautiful jewels; and they shall leave you naked and bare. (See RSV)
Ezekiel 40:7 And every little chamber was one reed long, and one reed broad; and between the little chambers were five cubits; and the threshold of the gate by the porch of the gate within was one reed. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 40:12 The space also before the little chambers was one cubit on this side, and the space was one cubit on that side: and the little chambers were six cubits on this side, and six cubits on that side. (Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 40:13 He measured then the gate from the roof of one little chamber to the roof of another: the breadth was five and twenty cubits, door against door. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 40:38 A chamber with its door was by the posts at the gates; there they washed the burnt offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 40:45 He said to me, This chamber, whose prospect is toward the south, is for the priests, the keepers of the duty of the house; (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 40:46 and the chamber whose prospect is toward the north is for the priests, the keepers of the duty of the altar: these are the sons of Zadok, who from among the sons of Levi come near to Yahweh to minister to him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 41:5 Then he measured the wall of the house, six cubits; and the breadth of every side chamber, four cubits, all around the house on every side. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 41:6 The side chambers were in three stories, one over another, and thirty in order; and they entered into the wall which belonged to the house for the side chambers all around, that they might have hold therein, and not have hold in the wall of the house. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 41:7 The side chambers were broader as they encompassed the house higher and higher; for the encompassing of the house went higher and higher around the house: therefore the breadth of the house continued upward; and so one went up from (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 41:9 The thickness of the wall, which was for the side chambers, on the outside, was five cubits: and that which was left was the place of the side chambers that belonged to the house. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 42:1 Then he brought me forth into the outer court, the way toward the north: and he brought me into the chamber that was over against the separate place, and which was over against the building toward the north. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Daniel 6:10 When Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house (now his windows were open in his chamber toward Jerusalem) and he kneeled on his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did before. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Joel 2:16 Gather the people. Sanctify the assembly. Assemble the elders. Gather the children, and those who suck the breasts. Let the bridegroom go forth from his room, and the bride out of her chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)