|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Smiting on the cheek was accounted a grievous injury and insult (Job 16:10; Lamentations 3:30; Micah 5:1). The admonition (Luke 6:29), "Unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other," means simply, "Resist not evil" (Matthew 5:39; 1 Peter 2:19-23). Psalm 3:7 = that God had deprived his enemies of the power of doing him injury.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The side of the face below the eye.
2. (n.) The cheek bone.
3. (n.) Those pieces of a machine, or of any timber, or stone work, which form corresponding sides, or which are similar and in pair; as, the cheeks (jaws) of a vise; the cheeks of a gun carriage, etc.
4. (n.) The branches of a bridle bit.
5. (n.) A section of a flask, so made that it can be moved laterally, to permit the removal of the pattern from the mold; the middle part of a flask.
6. (n.) Cool confidence; assurance; impudence.
7. (v. t.) To be impudent or saucy to.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(methalle`ah, transposed from malta`ah (only in Psalm 58:6), literally "the biter," "crusher," "molar," "jaw-teeth," "great teeth" (Job 29:17 m; Joel 1:6)).
Figurative: The word is used as a synonym of reckless strength and cruelty.
(1) lechi; siagon, "the jaw," "jaw-bone," "side of the face." The Hebrew word denotes originally freshness and rounded softness of the cheek, a sign of beauty in youth and maiden (Songs 1:10; Songs 5:13). The oriental guards with jealous care his cheek from touch or defilement, therefore a stroke on the cheek was, and is to this day, regarded as an act of extreme rudeness of behavior, a deadly affront. Our Saviour, however, teaches us in Matthew 5:39 and Luke 6:29 that even this insult is to be ignored and pardoned.
Jawbones of animals have been frequently used as tools and weapons among primitive people. We see this sufficiently proven from cave deposits in many parts of the world, and from recent ethnological researches, especially in Australia. In the light of this evidence it is interesting to note that Samson used a jawbone of an ass with success against his enemies the Philistines (Judges 15:15).
(2) malqoach (Psalm 22:15), is a dual form indicative of the two jaws, to which a parched tongue seems to cleave.
(3) methalle`ah (Job 29:17), better "cheek teeth" (which see).
H. L. E. Luering
Cheek (9 Occurrences)
Matthew 5:39 But I tell you, don't resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 6:29 To him who strikes you on the cheek, offer also the other; and from him who takes away your cloak, don't withhold your coat also. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 22:24 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and said, "Which way did the Spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?" (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Chronicles 18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Yahweh from me to speak to you? (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 16:10 They have gaped on me with their mouth. They have struck me on the cheek reproachfully. They gather themselves together against me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 3:7 Arise, Yahweh! Save me, my God! For you have struck all of my enemies on the cheek bone. You have broken the teeth of the wicked. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Lamentations 3:30 Let him give his cheek to him who strikes him; let him be filled full with reproach. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 1:6 For a nation is come up upon my land, strong, and without number, whose teeth are the teeth of a lion, and he hath the cheek teeth of a great lion. (KJV DBY WBS)
Micah 5:1 Now you shall gather yourself in troops, daughter of troops. He has laid siege against us. They will strike the judge of Israel with a rod on the cheek. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)