|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v. t.) To bite and grind with the teeth; to masticate.
2. (v. t.) To ruminate mentally; to meditate on.
3. (v. i.) To perform the action of biting and grinding with the teeth; to ruminate; to meditate.
4. (n.) That which is chewed; that which is held in the mouth at once; a cud.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
choo, chu, (ma`aleh gerah, literally "bringing up" (American Revised Versions margin), i.e. "chewing the cud," from garar, "to roll," "ruminate"): One of the marks of cleanliness, in the sense of fitness for food, of a quadruped, given in Leviticus 11:3 and Deuteronomy 14:6, is the chewing of the cud. Among the animals considered clean are therefore included the ox, the sheep, the goat, the hart, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the pygarg, the antelope and the chamois. Several of the forbidden animals are expressly named in the passages, e.g. the camel, the rock-badger, the hare and the swine. In addition to the distinctions between clean and unclean animals mentioned in the Bible, the Talmud points out that the clean animals have no upper teeth, that their horns are either forked, or if not forked they are clear of splinters, notched with scales and round, and that certain portions of the meat of clean animals tear lengthwise as well as across. Many theories have been advanced as to the reasons for the distinctions with regard to the chewing of the cud and the cloven hoof. See the Jewish Encyclopedia under the word "Clean." The most obvious is that ruminating animals and animals without claws were apparently cleaner-feeding animals than the others.
Chew (5 Occurrences)
Leviticus 11:4 "'Nevertheless these you shall not eat of those that chew the cud, or of those who part the hoof: the camel, because he chews the cud but doesn't have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 11:7 The pig, because he has a split hoof, and is cloven-footed, but doesn't chew the cud, he is unclean to you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 11:26 "'Every animal which parts the hoof, and is not cloven-footed, nor chews the cud, is unclean to you. Everyone who touches them shall be unclean. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 14:7 Nevertheless these you shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of those who have the hoof cloven: the camel, and the hare, and the rabbit; because they chew the cud but don't part the hoof, they are unclean to you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 14:8 The pig, because it has a split hoof but doesn't chew the cud, is unclean to you: of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)