|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
The various forms of uncleanness according to the Mosaic law are enumerated in Leviticus 11-15; Numbers 19. The division of animals into clean and unclean was probably founded on the practice of sacrifice. It existed before the Flood (Genesis 7:2). The regulations regarding such animals are recorded in Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14:1-21.
The Hebrews were prohibited from using as food certain animal substances, such as (1) blood; (2) the fat covering the intestines, termed the caul; (3) the fat on the intestines, called the mesentery; (4) the fat of the kidneys; and (5) the fat tail of certain sheep (Exodus 29:13, 22; Leviticus 3:4-9; 9:19; 17:10; 19:26).
The chief design of these regulations seems to have been to establish a system of regimen which would distinguish the Jews from all other nations. Regarding the design and the abolition of these regulations the reader will find all the details in Leviticus 20:24-26; Acts 10:9-16; 11:1-10; Hebrews 9:9-14.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (superl.) Free from dirt or filth; as, clean clothes.
2. (superl.) Free from that which is useless or injurious; without defects; as, clean land; clean timber.
3. (superl.) Free from awkwardness; not bungling; adroit; dexterous; as, a clean trick; a clean leap over a fence.
4. (superl.) Free from errors and vulgarisms; as, a clean style.
5. (superl.) Free from restraint or neglect; complete; entire.
6. (superl.) Free from moral defilement; sinless; pure.
7. (superl.) Free from ceremonial defilement.
8. (superl.) Free from that which is corrupting to the morals; pure in tone; healthy.
9. (superl.) Well-proportioned; shapely; as, clean limbs.
10. (adv.) Without limitation or remainder; quite; perfectly; wholly; entirely.
11. (adv.) Without miscarriage; not bunglingly; dexterously.
12. (v.) To render clean; to free from whatever is foul, offensive, or extraneous; to purify; to cleanse.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
klen (Anglo-Saxon cloene, "clear," "pure"): Rendering four Hebrew roots: bar, etc., "purify," "select," "make shining"; zakh, etc., "bright," "clean" "pure"; naqi, "free from," "exempt"; Taher, "clean," "pure," "empty," "bright" (?) the principal root, rendered "clean" 80 times (the King James Version); occurring in all its forms in various renderings about 200 times; also one Greek root, katharos, etc., akin to castus, "chaste," "free from admixture or adhesion of anything that soils, adulterates, corrupts" (Thayer's Lexicon). The physical, ritual, ethical, spiritual, figurative uses continually overlap, especially the last four.
The physical use is infrequent: "Wash. with snow water, and make my hands never so clean" (zakhakh, Job 9:30; figurative also); "clean provender" (hamits, the Revised Version (British and American) "savory"; the Revised Version, margin "salted"); "Cleanse. inside of the cup and of the platter, that the outside thereof may become clean also" (katharos, Matthew 23:26); "arrayed in fine linen, clean (katharon) and white" (Revelation 19:8; the American Standard Revised Version "bright and pure").
The principal use was the ceremonial; applied to persons, places or things, "undefiled," "not causing defilement," or "from which defilement has just been removed"; Taher, almost exclusively ceremonial, being the chief Hebrew root. Katharos (New Testament), or derivatives, has this use clearly in Mark 1:44 Luke 5:14: "Offer for thy cleansing the things which Moses," etc.; Hebrews 9:13, 12, 23: "the cleanness of the flesh," etc. "Clean" is applied to animals and birds: "of every clean beast" (Genesis 7:2); "of all clean birds" (Deuteronomy 14:11); (for list of unclean creatures see Leviticus 14-20); to places: "Carry forth. unto a clean place" (Leviticus 4:12); to buildings: "Make atonement for the house; and it shall be clean" (Leviticus 14:53); to persons: "A clean person shall take hyssop" (Numbers 19:18); to clothing: "garment. washed the second time, and shall be clean" (Leviticus 13:58); and to objects of all sorts, free or freed from defilement.
3. Ethical or Spiritual:
The ethical or spiritual meaning, either directly or figuratively, is found in the Old Testament chiefly in Job, Psalms, the Prophets, whose interest is ethico-religious, rather than ritual, but the predominant uses are found in the New Testament: "Cleanse yourselves (barar) ye that bear the vessels of Yahweh" (Isaiah 52:11); "How can he be clean (zakhah) that is born of a woman?" (Job 25:4) (principally moral, perhaps with allusion to the ceremonial defilement of childbirth); "The fear of Yahweh is clean" (Psalm 19:9), that is, the religion of Yahweh is morally undefiled, in contrast to heathen religions; "He that hath clean (naqi) hands, and a pure heart" (Psalm 24:4); "Purify me with hyssop, and I shall be clean" (Taher, Psalm 51:7); "Therefore said he, Ye are not all clean" (katharos, John 13:11). Here, as in Psalm 51:7 and many others, the ritual furnishes a figure for the spiritual, illustrating the Divine purpose in the ritual, to impress, prefigure and prepare for the spiritual. A somewhat similar figurative moral use is found in Acts 18:6: "Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean" (katharos, "guiltless," "unstained").
See also UNCLEANNESS; PURIFICATION; DEFILEMENT.
Clean.-Adverb (in one case adjective): "utterly," "wholly"; usually rendering an intensive use of the Hebrew verb as Joel 1:7: "He hath made it clean bare" (lit. "stripping he will strip"); Zechariah 11:17: "Arm. clean dried up"; Isaiah 24:19 the King James Version:"Earth is clean dissolved." Twice it renders a principal verb: Joshua 3:17: "Passed clean over the Jordan" (literally, "finished with regard to J."); Leviticus 23:22 King James Version: "Shall not make a clean riddance" (literally, "shall not finish the corners"; the American Standard Revised Version "shalt not wholly reap"). Once it renders a noun: Psalm 77:8: "Is his lovingkindness clean gone for ever?" ("end," he-'aphec, "has his lovingkindness come to an end?"); and once an adverb "clean (ontos, "actually," "really") escaped" (2 Peter 2:18); but the American Standard Revised Version, following the reading "oligos," "a little," "scarcely," renders "just escaping."
Philip Wendell Crannell
Clean (298 Occurrences)
Matthew 3:12 His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor. He will gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire." (Root in WEB ASV BBE WBS YLT)
Matthew 5:8 Happy are the clean in heart: for they will see God. (BBE YLT)
Matthew 6:17 But when you go without food, put oil on your head and make your face clean; (BBE)
Matthew 8:2 Behold, a leper came to him and worshiped him, saying, "Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 8:3 Jesus stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, "I want to. Be made clean." Immediately his leprosy was cleansed. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, and cast out demons. Freely you received, so freely give. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 11:5 the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 12:44 Then he says, 'I will return to my house that I left;' and he comes and finds it unoccupied, swept clean, and in good order. (WEY BBE NIV)
Matthew 23:25 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and unrighteousness. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 23:26 You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the platter, that its outside may become clean also. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:59 Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 1:40 A leper came to him, begging him, kneeling down to him, and saying to him, "If you want to, you can make me clean." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 1:41 Being moved with compassion, he stretched out his hand, and touched him, and said to him, "I want to. Be made clean." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 1:42 When he had said this, immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was made clean. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Mark 1:44 and said to him, "See you say nothing to anybody, but go show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing the things which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them." (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 7:19 because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and passes away ejected from him?" By these words Jesus pronounced all kinds of food clean. (WEY ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 2:22 And when the necessary days for making them clean by the law of Moses had come to an end, they took him to Jerusalem to give him to the Lord (BBE)
Luke 3:17 whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor, and will gather the wheat into his barn; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire." (Root in WEB ASV BBE WBS YLT)
Luke 4:27 There were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, yet not one of them was cleansed, except Naaman, the Syrian." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 5:12 It happened, while he was in one of the cities, behold, there was a man full of leprosy. When he saw Jesus, he fell on his face, and begged him, saying, "Lord, if you want to, you can make me clean." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 5:13 He stretched out his hand, and touched him, saying, "I want to. Be made clean." Immediately the leprosy left him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 5:14 He commanded him to tell no one, "But go your way, and show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing according to what Moses commanded, for a testimony to them." (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 7:22 Jesus answered them, "Go and tell John the things which you have seen and heard: that the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them. (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Luke 10:34 And came to him and put clean linen round his wounds, with oil and wine; and he put him on his beast and took him to a house and took care of him. (BBE)
Luke 11:25 and when it comes, it finds the house swept clean and in good order. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 11:39 The Lord said to him, "Now you Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and of the platter, but your inward part is full of extortion and wickedness. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 11:41 But give for gifts to the needy those things which are within, and behold, all things will be clean to you. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 17:14 When he saw them, he said to them, "Go and show yourselves to the priests." It happened that as they went, they were cleansed. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 17:15 And one of them, when he saw that he was clean, turning back, gave praise to God in a loud voice; (BBE)
Luke 17:17 Jesus answered, "Weren't the ten cleansed? But where are the nine? (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 9:7 And said to him, Go and make yourself clean in the bath of Siloam (the sense of the name is, Sent). So he went away and, after washing, came back able to see. (BBE)
John 9:11 His answer was: The man who is named Jesus put earth mixed with water on my eyes, and said to me, Go and make yourself clean in Siloam: so I went away and, after washing, am now able to see. (BBE)
John 11:55 Now the Passover of the Jews was near, and numbers of people went up from the country to Jerusalem to make themselves clean before the Passover. (BBE NIV)
John 13:8 Peter said, I will never let my feet be washed by you, never. Jesus said in answer, If I do not make you clean you have no part with me. (BBE)
John 13:10 Jesus said to him, "Someone who has bathed only needs to have his feet washed, but is completely clean. You are clean, but not all of you." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 13:11 For he knew him who would betray him, therefore he said, "You are not all clean." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 13:14 If then I, the Lord and the Master, have made your feet clean, it is right for you to make one another's feet clean. (BBE)
John 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit, he taketh it away: and every 'branch' that beareth fruit, he cleanseth it, that it may bear more fruit. (Root in ASV BBE WBS YLT)
John 15:3 You are already pruned clean because of the word which I have spoken to you. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 10:15 A voice came to him again the second time, "What God has cleansed, you must not call unclean." (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 11:9 But a voice answered me the second time out of heaven,'What God has cleansed, don't you call unclean.' (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 15:9 He made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. (Root in WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS RSV)
Acts 18:6 When they opposed him and blasphemed, he shook out his clothing and said to them, "Your blood be on your own heads! I am clean. From now on, I will go to the Gentiles!" (WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS)
Acts 20:26 Therefore I testify to you this day that I am clean from the blood of all men, (WEB BBE DBY)
Acts 21:24 Go with these, and make yourself clean with them, and make the necessary payments for them, so that they may be free from their oath: and everyone will see that the statements made about you are not true, but that you put yourself under rule, and keep the law. (BBE)
Acts 21:26 Then Paul took the men, and on the day after, making himself clean with them, he went into the Temple, giving out the statement that the days necessary for making them clean were complete, till the offering was made for every one of them. (BBE)
Acts 24:18 And having been made clean, I was in the Temple, but not with a great number of people, and not with noise: but there were certain Jews from Asia, (BBE NIV)
Romans 14:20 Don't overthrow God's work for food's sake. All things indeed are clean, however it is evil for that man who creates a stumbling block by eating. (WEB ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 5:7 Cleanse out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: (Root in WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Corinthians 6:6 In a clean heart, in knowledge, in long waiting, in being kind, in the Holy Spirit, in true love, (BBE)
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God. (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ephesians 5:26 that he might sanctify it, having cleansed it by the washing of water with the word, (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 1:5 But the effect of the order is love coming from a clean heart, and a knowledge of what is right, and true faith: (BBE)
1 Timothy 5:2 To the older women as to mothers, to the younger as to sisters, with a clean heart. (BBE)
1 Timothy 5:22 Do not put hands on any man without thought, and have no part in other men's sins: keep yourself clean. (BBE)
2 Timothy 2:21 If a man makes himself clean from these, he will be a vessel for honour, made holy, ready for the master's use, ready for every good work. (BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Timothy 2:22 But keep yourself from those desires of the flesh which are strong when the body is young, and go after righteousness, faith, love, peace, with those whose prayers go up to the Lord from a clean heart. (BBE)
Titus 1:15 To the clean in heart all things are clean: but to those who are unclean and without faith nothing is clean; they become unclean in mind and in thought. (BBE)
Titus 2:5 To be wise in mind, clean in heart, kind; working in their houses, living under the authority of their husbands; so that no evil may be said of the word of God. (BBE)
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, so that he might make us free from all wrongdoing, and make for himself a people clean in heart and on fire with good works. (BBE)
Hebrews 1:3 Who, being the outshining of his glory, the true image of his substance, supporting all things by the word of his power, having given himself as an offering making clean from sins, took his seat at the right hand of God in heaven; (BBE YLT)
Hebrews 9:9 And this is an image of the present time; when the offerings which are given are not able to make the heart of the worshipper completely clean, (BBE)
Hebrews 9:13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify to the cleanness of the flesh: (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS NAS NIV)
Hebrews 9:14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (Root in WEB ASV BBE WBS NAS NIV)
Hebrews 9:22 According to the law, nearly everything is cleansed with blood, and apart from shedding of blood there is no remission. (Root in WEB ASV BBE WBS NAS NIV)
Hebrews 9:23 It was necessary therefore that the copies of the things in the heavens should be cleansed with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. (Root in WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS)
Hebrews 10:1 For the law, being only a poor copy of the future good things, and not the true image of those things, is never able to make the people who come to the altar every year with the same offerings completely clean. (BBE)
Hebrews 10:2 Or else wouldn't they have ceased to be offered, because the worshippers, having been once cleansed, would have had no more consciousness of sins? (Root in WEB WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 10:22 Let us go in with true hearts, in certain faith, having our hearts made free from the sense of sin and our bodies washed with clean water: (BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 10:29 But will not the man by whom the Son of God has been crushed under foot, and the blood of the agreement with which he was washed clean has been taken as an unholy thing, and who has had no respect for the Spirit of grace, be judged bad enough for a very much worse punishment? (BBE NAS)
James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Peter 1:2 Who, through the purpose of God, have been made holy by the Spirit, disciples of Jesus, made clean by his blood: May you have grace and peace in full measure. (BBE)
1 Peter 1:19 But through holy blood, like that of a clean and unmarked lamb, even the blood of Christ: (BBE)
1 Peter 1:22 And as you have made your souls clean, being ruled by what is true, and loving one another without deceit, see that your love is warm and from the heart: (BBE)
1 Peter 3:21 And baptism, of which this is an image, now gives you salvation, not by washing clean the flesh, but by making you free from the sense of sin before God, through the coming again of Jesus Christ from the dead; (BBE)
2 Peter 1:9 For he who lacks these things is blind, seeing only what is near, having forgotten the cleansing from his old sins. (Root in WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT RSV NIV)
2 Peter 2:18 For when they speak great swelling words of vanity, they allure through the lusts of the flesh, through much wantonness, those that were clean escaped from them who live in error. (KJV BBE)
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ, his Son, cleanses us from all sin. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, the true witness, the first to come back from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who had love for us and has made us clean from our sins by his blood; (BBE)
Revelation 3:4 But you have some names in Sardis who have kept clean their robes; and as a reward they will go in white with me. (BBE)
Revelation 15:6 And the seven angels who had the seven punishments came out from the house of God, clothed with linen, clean and bright and with bands of gold about their breasts. (BBE NAS NIV)
Revelation 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints. (KJV BBE WBS NAS NIV)
Revelation 19:14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. (KJV BBE WBS NAS NIV)
Revelation 22:14 Blessed are those who wash their robes clean, that they may have a right to the Tree of Life, and may go through the gates into the city. (WEY)
Genesis 7:2 You shall take seven pairs of every clean animal with you, the male and his female. Of the animals that are not clean, take two, the male and his female. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 7:8 Clean animals, animals that are not clean, birds, and everything that creeps on the ground (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 8:20 Noah built an altar to Yahweh, and took of every clean animal, and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 20:5 Did he not say to me himself, She is my sister? and she herself said, He is my brother: with an upright heart and clean hands have I done this. (BBE NIV)
Genesis 35:2 Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments: (KJV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 29:36 Every day you shall offer the bull of sin offering for atonement: and you shall cleanse the altar, when you make atonement for it; and you shall anoint it, to sanctify it. (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS)
Exodus 30:10 And once every year Aaron is to make its horns clean: with the blood of the sin-offering he is to make it clean once every year from generation to generation: it is most holy to the Lord. (BBE)
Exodus 30:35 And make from them a perfume, such as is made by the art of the perfume-maker, mixed with salt, and clean and holy. (BBE)
Leviticus 4:12 even the whole bull shall he carry forth outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire. Where the ashes are poured out it shall be burned. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 6:11 He shall take off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry the ashes outside the camp to a clean place. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 6:28 But the vessel of earth in which the flesh was cooked is to be broken; or if a brass vessel was used, it is to be rubbed clean and washed out with water. (BBE)
Leviticus 7:19 "'The flesh that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten. It shall be burned with fire. As for the flesh, everyone who is clean may eat it; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:15 And he put it to death; and Moses took the blood and put it on the horns of the altar and round it with his finger, and made the altar clean, draining out the blood at the base of the altar; so he made it holy, taking away what was unclean. (BBE DBY YLT)
Leviticus 10:10 and that you are to make a distinction between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 10:14 The waved breast and the heaved thigh you shall eat in a clean place, you, and your sons, and your daughters with you: for they are given as your portion, and your sons' portion, out of the sacrifices of the peace offerings of the children of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 11:32 On whatever any of them falls when they are dead, it shall be unclean; whether it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or sack, whatever vessel it is, with which any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the evening; then it will be clean. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)