|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) Deprived of heat, or having a low temperature; not warm or hot; gelid; frigid.
2. (n.) Lacking the sensation of warmth; suffering from the absence of heat; chilly; shivering; as, to be cold.
3. (n.) Not pungent or acrid.
4. (n.) Wanting in ardor, intensity, warmth, zeal, or passion; spiritless; unconcerned; reserved.
5. (n.) Unwelcome; disagreeable; unsatisfactory.
6. (n.) Wanting in power to excite; dull; uninteresting.
7. (n.) Affecting the sense of smell (as of hunting dogs) but feebly; having lost its odor; as, a cold scent.
8. (n.) Not sensitive; not acute.
9. (n.) Distant; -- said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed.
10. (n.) Having a bluish effect. Cf. Warm, 8.
11. (n.) The relative absence of heat or warmth.
12. (n.) The sensation produced by the escape of heat; chilliness or chillness.
13. (n.) A morbid state of the animal system produced by exposure to cold or dampness; a catarrh.
14. (v. i.) To become cold.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
kold (qor; psuchros (adj.), psuchos (noun)): Palestine is essentially a land of sunshine and warmth.
1. Temperature in Palestine:
The extreme cold of northern latitudes is unknown. January is the coldest month; but the degree of cold in a particular place depends largely on the altitude above the sea. On the seacoast and plain the snow never falls; and the temperature reaches freezing-point, perhaps once in thirty years. In Jerusalem at 2,500 ft. above the sea the mean temperature in January is about 45 degrees F., but the minimum may be as low as 25 degrees F. Snow occasionally falls, but lasts only a short time. On Mt. Hermon and on the Lebanons snow may be found the whole year, and the cold is most intense, even in the summer. In Jericho and around the Dead Sea, 1,292 ft. below sea-level, it is correspondingly hotter, and cold is not known.
2. Provision against Cold:
Cold is of such short duration that no adequate provision is made by the people to protect themselves against the cold. The sun is always bright and warm, and nearly always shines for part of the day, even in winter. After sunset the people wrap themselves up and go to sleep. They prefer to wrap up their heads rather than their feet in order to keep warm. The only means of heating the houses is the charcoal brazier around which as many as possible gather for a little warmth. It is merely a bed of coals in an iron vessel. Peter was glad to avail himself of the little heat of the coals as late as the beginning of April, when the nights are often chilly in Jerusalem: "Having made a fire of coals; for it was cold:. and Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself" (John 18:18). There is no attempt made to heat the whole house. In the cold winter months the people of the mountains almost hibernate. They wrap up their heads in shawls and coverings and only the most energetic venture out: "The sluggard will not plow by reason of the winter" (Proverbs 20:4, the King James Version "cold"). The peasants and more primitive people of the desert often make a fire in the open or in partial shelter, as in Melita where Paul was cast ashore after shipwreck: "The barbarians. kindled a fire. because of the cold" (Acts 28:2).
3. Dread of Cold:
The cold is greatly dreaded because it causes so much actual suffering: "Who can stand before his cold?" (Psalm 147:17). The last degree of degradation is to have "no covering in the cold" (Job 24:7).
4. Cold Grateful in Summer:
In the heat of the long summer, the shadow of a rock or the cool of evening is most grateful, and the appreciation of a cup of cold water can easily be understood by anyone who has experienced the burning heat of the Syrian sun: "As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country" (Proverbs 25:25); "cold of snow in the time of harvest" (Proverbs 25:13), probably with reference to the use of snow (shaved ice) in the East to cool a beverage.
Figurative uses: "The love of the many shall wax cold" (Matthew 24:12); "I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot" (Revelation 3:15).
Alfred H. Joy
Cold (25 Occurrences)
Matthew 10:42 Whoever gives one of these little ones just a cup of cold water to drink in the name of a disciple, most certainly I tell you he will in no way lose his reward." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 24:12 Because iniquity will be multiplied, the love of many will grow cold. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 18:18 Now the servants and the officers were standing there, having made a fire of coals, for it was cold. They were warming themselves. Peter was with them, standing and warming himself. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 28:2 The natives showed us uncommon kindness; for they kindled a fire, and received us all, because of the present rain, and because of the cold. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 11:27 in labor and travail, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, and in cold and nakedness. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 3:15 "I know your works, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were cold or hot. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 3:16 So, because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will vomit you out of my mouth. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 8:22 While the earth remains, seed time and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 31:40 This was my condition, wasted by heat in the day and by the bitter cold at night; and sleep went from my eyes. (BBE RSV NIV)
1 Kings 1:1 Now King David was old and far on in years; and though they put covers over him, his body was cold. (BBE)
Job 24:7 They lie all night naked without clothing, and have no covering in the cold. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 37:9 Out of its chamber comes the storm, and cold out of the north. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 38:29 Out of whose body came the ice? and who gave birth to the cold mist of heaven? (BBE)
Psalms 78:47 He sent ice for the destruction of their vines; their trees were damaged by the bitter cold. (BBE)
Psalms 147:17 He hurls down his hail like pebbles. Who can stand before his cold? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 20:4 The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he beg in harvest, and have nothing. (KJV WBS)
Proverbs 25:13 As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful messenger to those who send him; for he refreshes the soul of his masters. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Proverbs 25:20 As one who takes away a garment in cold weather, or vinegar on soda, so is one who sings songs to a heavy heart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 25:25 Like cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 37:27 This is why their townsmen had no power, they were broken and put to shame; they were like the grass of the field, or a green plant; like the grass on the house-tops, which a cold wind makes waste. (BBE)
Jeremiah 6:7 As the spring keeps its waters cold, so she keeps her evil in her: the sound of cruel and violent behaviour is in her; before me at all times are disease and wounds. (BBE)
Jeremiah 18:14 Shall the snow of Lebanon fail from the rock of the field? or shall the cold waters that flow down from afar be dried up? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 36:30 For this reason the Lord has said of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, He will have no son to take his place on the seat of David: his dead body will be put out to undergo the heat of the day and the cold of the night. (BBE YLT)
Nahum 3:17 Your guards are like the locusts, and your officials like the swarms of locusts, which settle on the walls on a cold day, but when the sun appears, they flee away, and their place is not known where they are. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Zechariah 14:6 It will happen in that day, that there will not be light, cold, or frost. (WEB BBE RSV NIV)