|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(Hebrews peh), means in Job 30:18 the mouth or opening of the garment that closes round the neck in the same way as a tunic (Exodus 39:23). The "collars" (Hebrews netiphoth) among the spoils of the Midianites (Judges 8:26; R.V., "pendants") were ear-drops. The same Hebrew word is rendered "chains" in Isaiah 3:19.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) Something worn round the neck, whether for use, ornament, restraint, or identification; as, the collar of a coat; a lady's collar; the collar of a dog.
2. (n.) A ring or cincture.
3. (n.) A collar beam.
4. (n.) The neck or line of junction between the root of a plant and its stem.
5. (n.) An ornament worn round the neck by knights, having on it devices to designate their rank or order.
6. (n.) A ringlike part of a mollusk in connection with esophagus.
7. (n.) A colored ring round the neck of a bird or mammal.
8. (n.) A ring or round flange upon, surrounding, or against an object, and used for restraining motion within given limits, or for holding something to its place, or for hiding an opening around an object; as, a collar on a shaft, used to prevent endwise motion of the shaft; a collar surrounding a stovepipe at the place where it enters a wall. The flanges of a piston and the gland of a stuffing box are sometimes called collars.
9. (n.) An eye formed in the bight or bend of a shroud or stay to go over the masthead; also, a rope to which certain parts of rigging, as dead-eyes, are secured.
10. (n.) A curb, or a horizontal timbering, around the mouth of a shaft.
11. (v. t.) To seize by the collar.
12. (v. t.) To put a collar on.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) (neTphah, plural neTphoth, literally, "drops," from naTaph, "to drop"). Judges 8:26 includes neTphoth among the spoils taken from the Midianites and Ishmaelites; the Revised Version (British and American) "pendants," the King James Version "collars." Qimchi at the place suggests "perfume-dropper."
(2) (peh, literally, "mouth"). In Job 30:18 the word is used to indicate the collar band, or hole of a robe, through which the head was inserted. Job, in describing his suffering and writhing, mentions the disfiguring of his garment, and suggests that the whole thing feels as narrow or close-fitting as the neckband, or perhaps that in his fever and pains he feels as if the neckband itself is choking him.
(3) (tsinoq, Jeremiah 29:26, "stocks"; the Revised Version (British and American) "shackles," which see; the Revised Version, margin "collar"). An instrument of torture or punishment.
Collar (6 Occurrences)
Exodus 28:32 It shall have a hole for the head in its midst: it shall have a binding of woven work around its hole, as it were the hole of a coat of mail, that it not be torn. (See NIV)
Exodus 39:23 The opening of the robe in its midst was like the opening of a coat of mail, with a binding around its opening, that it should not be torn. (See NIV)
Job 30:18 By great force is my garment disfigured. It binds me about as the collar of my coat. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Psalms 105:18 They bruised his feet with shackles. His neck was locked in irons, (See RSV)
Psalms 133:2 It is like the precious oil upon the head, That ran down upon the beard, Even Aaron's beard; That came down upon the skirt of his garments; (See JPS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 29:26 Jehovah hath made thee priest in the stead of Jehoiada the priest, that there may be officers in the house of Jehovah, for every man that is mad, and maketh himself a prophet, that thou shouldest put him in the stocks and in shackles. (See JPS NAS RSV)