|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) A state; a body politic consisting of a certain number of men, united, by compact or tacit agreement, under one form of government and system of laws.
2. (n.) The whole body of people in a state; the public.
3. (n.) Specifically, the form of government established on the death of Charles I., in 1649, which existed under Oliver Cromwell and his son Richard, ending with the abdication of the latter in 1659.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
kom'-un-welth (politeia): Spoken of theocracy (Ephesians 2:12). The same word is rendered "freedom," the King James Version; "citizenship" the Revised Version (British and American). Also in the sense of commonwealth in the Apocrypha (2 Maccabees 4:11; 8:17; 13:14); in the sense of citizenship (3 Maccabees 3:21, 23).
Commonwealth (2 Occurrences)
Ephesians 2:12 that you were at that time separate from Christ, alienated from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of the promise, having no hope and without God in the world. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Philippians 3:20 for our commonwealth has its existence in the heavens, from which also we await the Lord Jesus Christ as Saviour, (DBY RSV)