|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) The act of condemning or pronouncing to be wrong; censure; blame; disapprobation.
2. (n.) The act of judicially condemning, or adjudging guilty, unfit for use, or forfeited; the act of dooming to punishment or forfeiture.
3. (n.) The state of being condemned.
4. (n.) The ground or reason of condemning.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. In the Old Testament:
(1) The causative stem of rasha` "to declare (or make) wrong," "to condemn," whether in civil, ethical or religious relations. Taken in this sense the word needs no comment (Exodus 22:9 Deuteronomy 25:1 Job 40:8); "Who then can condemn?" (Job 34:29, the King James Version "make trouble").
(2) `anash, "to fine." "Condemned the land" (2 Chronicles 36:3 the King James Version; the King James Version margin "mulcted"; the Revised Version (British and American) "amerced"; the American Standard Revised Version "fined"); "wine of the condemned" (Amos 2:8; the Revised Version (British and American) "fined" (unjustly)).
(3) The active participle of shaphaT, "to judge." "From those that condemn his soul" (Psalm 109:31 the King James Version; the Revised Version (British and American) "that judge his soul").
2. In the New Testament:
The New Testament usage is much more complicated, both because of the greater number of Greek words rendered "condemn" and "condemnation," and because the King James Version translates the same word in several different ways, apparently with no rule whatever.
(1) The most important word is krino, "to judge." From it are a number of derivative verbs and nouns. the Revised Version (British and American) has rigidly excluded the harsh words "damn" and "damnation," substituting "judge," "condemn," "judgment," "condemnation." This is proper, since the word damn (Latin, damnare, "to inflict loss" upon a person, "to condemn"), and its derivatives has, in process of time, suffered degradation, so that in modern English it usually refers to eternal punishment. This special application of the word for some centuries ran side by side with the original meaning, but even as late as Wycliffe's version the word "damn" is usually employed in the sense of condemn, as in Job 9:20, "My mouth shall dampne me." It is even applied to the condemnation of Jesus by the chief priests and scribes (Mark 10:33). This degeneration of the word is perhaps due, as Bishop Sanderson says, "not so much to good acts as to bad manners." Krino is rendered uniformly "judge" by the Revised Version (British and American), even where the context. compels the thought of condemnation (John 3:17, 18; John 12:47 Acts 7:7; "might be damned," 2 Thessalonians 2:12 the King James Version; Romans 14:22 James 5:9).
(2) The more specific sense of condemn, however, is found in katakrino, "to judge one down" (Matthew 12:41, 42 Mark 14:64): "is damned if he eat" (Romans 14:23 1 Corinthians 11:32 the King James Version; the Revised Version (British and American) "condemned"). See also Mark 16:16 2 Peter 2:6.
(3) For "condemnation" there is the noun krima, or krima (for accent see Thayer's Lexicon), in a forensic sense, "the sentence of the judge" (Luke 23:40 Matthew 23:14, omitted in the Revised Version (British and American); "condemnation of the devil" 1 Timothy 3:6; 1 Timothy 5:12 Jude 1:4).
(4) Much stronger is katakrima, "condemnation" (Romans 5:16, 18; Romans 8:1) with reference to the Divine judgment against sin.
(5) krisis, "the process of judgment," "tribunal" (John 3:19; John 5:24), with reference to "the judgment brought by men upon themselves because of their rejection of Christ."
(6) A stronger word is the adjective autokatakritos, "self-condemned" (Titus 3:11; compare 1 John 3:20, 21).
G. H. Trever
Condemnation (30 Occurrences)
Matthew 23:13 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows' houses, and as a pretense you make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation. (WEB)
Matthew 23:14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, even while for a pretence ye make long prayers: therefore ye shall receive greater condemnation. (WEY WBS)
Matthew 23:33 O serpents, O vipers' brood, how are you to escape condemnation to Gehenna? (WEY)
Mark 12:40 those who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation." (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Luke 20:47 who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation." (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Luke 23:40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, "Don't you even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation? (WEB KJV ASV WBS NAS RSV)
John 3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. (KJV WBS)
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life. (KJV WBS)
Acts 25:15 about whom, when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the Jews informed me, asking for a sentence against him. (See NAS)
Romans 3:8 And why should we not say--for so they wickedly misrepresent us, and so some charge us with arguing--"Let us do evil that good may come"? The condemnation of those who would so argue is just. (WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 5:16 The gift is not as through one who sinned: for the judgment came by one to condemnation, but the free gift came of many trespasses to justification. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 5:18 Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. (KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who don't walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 13:2 Therefore he who resists the authority, withstands the ordinance of God; and those who withstand will receive to themselves judgment. (See NAS)
1 Corinthians 11:29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh condemnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. (WBS)
1 Corinthians 11:34 And if any man hunger, let him eat at home; that ye come not together unto condemnation. And the rest will I set in order when I come. (KJV WBS)
2 Corinthians 3:9 For if the service of condemnation has glory, the service of righteousness exceeds much more in glory. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Corinthians 7:3 I do not speak for condemnation, for I have already said that ye are in our hearts, to die together, and live together. (DBY)
1 Timothy 3:6 not a new convert, lest being puffed up he fall into the same condemnation as the devil. (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS NAS RSV)
1 Timothy 5:12 having condemnation, because they have rejected their first pledge. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
James 3:1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. (KJV WBS)
James 5:9 Do not cry out in condemnation of one another, brethren, lest you come under judgement. I tell you that the Judge is standing at the door. (WEY)
James 5:12 But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation. (KJV WEY WBS RSV)
2 Peter 2:3 In covetousness they will exploit you with deceptive words: whose sentence now from of old doesn't linger, and their destruction will not slumber. (See RSV NIV)
Jude 1:4 For there are certain men who crept in secretly, even those who were long ago written about for this condemnation: ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying our only Master, God, and Lord, Jesus Christ. (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Jude 1:9 But Michael, the archangel, when contending with the devil and arguing about the body of Moses, dared not bring against him an abusive condemnation, but said, "May the Lord rebuke you!" (WEB)
Proverbs 19:29 Rods are being made ready for the man of pride, and blows for the back of the foolish. (See RSV)
Isaiah 43:28 Therefore I will profane the princes of the sanctuary; and I will make Jacob a curse, and Israel a reviling. (See JPS)
Jeremiah 42:18 For thus says Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel: As my anger and my wrath has been poured forth on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so shall my wrath be poured forth on you, when you shall enter into Egypt; and you shall be an object of horror, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and you shall see this place no more. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 44:12 and I have taken the remnant of Judah, who have set their faces to enter the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they have all been consumed in the land of Egypt; they fall by sword, by famine they are consumed, from the least even unto the greatest, by sword and by famine they die, and they have been for an execration, for an astonishment, and for a reviling, and for a reproach. (See NIV)