|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (p.a.) Proved or found guilty; convicted.
2. (n.) A person proved guilty of a crime alleged against him; one legally convicted or sentenced to punishment for some crime.
3. (n.) A criminal sentenced to penal servitude.
4. (v. t.) To prove or find guilty of an offense or crime charged; to pronounce guilty, as by legal decision, or by one's conscience.
5. (v. t.) To prove or show to be false; to confute; to refute.
6. (v. t.) To demonstrate by proof or evidence; to prove.
7. (v. t.) To defeat; to doom to destruction.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
kon-vikt', kon-vik'-shun (elegcho and compounds, "to prove guilty"): Usual translation of English Versions of the Bible, where the King James Version has "convince," as in John 8:46 Titus 1:9 James 2:9; once also replacing the King James Version "reprove" (John 16:8), while the Revised Version (British and American) changes the King James Version "convince" into "reprove" in 1 Corinthians 14:24. It always implies the presentation of evidence. It is a decision presumed to be based upon a careful and discriminating consideration of all the proofs offered, and has a legal character, the verdict being rendered either in God's judgment (Romans 3:19), or before men (John 8:46) by an appeal to their consciences in which God's law is written (Romans 2:15). Since such conviction is addressed to the heart of the guilty, as well as concerning him externally, the word "reprove" is sometimes substituted. To "convict. in respect of righteousness, and of judgment" (John 16:8), refers to the conviction of the inadequacy and perversity of the ordinary, natural standards of righteousness and judgment, and the approval of those found in Christ, by the agency of the Holy Spirit, as the great interpreter and applier of the work of Christ.
H. E. Jacobs
Convict (12 Occurrences)
John 8:46 Which of you convicts me of sin? If I tell the truth, why do you not believe me? (Root in WEB WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV)
John 16:8 When he has come, he will convict the world about sin, about righteousness, and about judgment; (WEB WEY ASV YLT NAS NIV)
Ephesians 5:11 and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of the darkness and rather even convict, (YLT)
1 Timothy 5:20 Those that sin convict before all, that the rest also may have fear. (DBY)
2 Timothy 4:2 proclaim the word; be urgent in season and out of season, convict, rebuke, encourage, with all longsuffering and doctrine. (DBY YLT)
Titus 1:9 holding to the faithful word which is according to the teaching, that he may be able to exhort in the sound doctrine, and to convict those who contradict him. (WEB ASV YLT)
Titus 1:13 this testimony is true; for which cause convict them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith, (YLT)
Jude 1:15 to execute judgment on all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their works of ungodliness which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against him." (WEB WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I do convict and chasten; be zealous, then, and reform; (YLT)
Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established. (See NIV)
2 Samuel 14:13 And the woman saith, 'And why hast thou thought thus concerning the people of God? yea, the king is speaking this thing as a guilty one, in that the king hath not brought back his outcast; (See RSV NIV)
Proverbs 24:25 but it will go well with those who convict the guilty, and a rich blessing will come on them. (WEB NIV)