|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
When David was not permitted to build the temple, he proceeded, among the last Acts of his life, with the assistance of Zadok and Ahimelech, to organize the priestly and musical services to be conducted in the house of God.
(1.) He divided the priests into twenty-four courses (1 Chronicles 24:1-19), sixteen being of the house of Eleazar and eight of that of Ithamar. Each course was under a head or chief, and ministered for a week, the order being determined by lot.
(2.) The rest of the 38,000 Levites (23:4) were divided also into twenty-four courses, each to render some allotted service in public worship: 4,000 in twenty-four courses were set apart as singers and musicians under separate leaders (25); 4,000 as porters or keepers of the doors and gates of the sanctuary (26:1-19); and 6,000 as officers and judges to see to the administration of the law in all civil and ecclesiastical matters (20-32).
This arrangement was re-established by Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 31:2); and afterwards the four sacerdotal courses which are said to have returned from the Captivity were re-divided into the original number of twenty-four by Ezra (6:18).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
STARS, COURSES OF
See ASTRONOMY, sec. I, 1.
Courses (28 Occurrences)
Judges 5:20 From the sky the stars fought. From their courses, they fought against Sisera. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:14 He sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home; and Adoniram was over the men subject to forced labor. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
1 Kings 6:36 He built the inner court with three courses of cut stone, and a course of cedar beams. (WEB ASV RSV NIV)
1 Kings 7:12 The great court around had three courses of cut stone, and a course of cedar beams; like as the inner court of the house of Yahweh, and the porch of the house. (WEB ASV RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 23:6 And David divided them into courses among the sons of Levi, namely, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Chronicles 24:1 And the courses of the sons of Aaron were these. The sons of Aaron: Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. (ASV JPS YLT)
1 Chronicles 26:1 For the courses of the doorkeepers: of the Korahites, Meshelemiah the son of Kore, of the sons of Asaph. (ASV JPS YLT)
1 Chronicles 26:12 Of these were the courses of the doorkeepers, even of the chief men, having offices like their brethren, to minister in the house of Jehovah. (ASV JPS YLT)
1 Chronicles 26:19 These were the courses of the doorkeepers; of the sons of the Korahites, and of the sons of Merari. (ASV JPS YLT)
1 Chronicles 27:1 Now the children of Israel after their number, to wit, the chief fathers and captains of thousands and hundreds, and their officers that served the king in any matter of the courses, which came in and went out month by month throughout all the months of the year, of every course were twenty and four thousand. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
1 Chronicles 28:1 And David assembleth all the heads of Israel, heads of the tribes, and heads of the courses who are serving the king, and heads of the thousands, and heads of the hundreds, and heads of all the substance and possessions of the king, and of his sons, with the officers and the mighty ones, even to every mighty one of valour -- unto Jerusalem. (YLT)
1 Chronicles 28:13 Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of the LORD, and for all the vessels of service in the house of the LORD. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 5:11 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, ( for all the priests that were present had sanctified themselves, and did not keep their courses; (ASV DBY JPS YLT)
2 Chronicles 8:14 And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 23:8 So the Levites and all Judah did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest had commanded, and took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that were to go out on the sabbath: for Jehoiada the priest dismissed not the courses. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 31:2 And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites after their courses, every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister, and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the tents of the LORD. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 31:15 And next him were Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their set office, to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great as to the small: (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 31:16 Beside their genealogy of males, from three years old and upward, even unto every one that entereth into the house of the LORD, his daily portion for their service in their charges according to their courses; (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 31:17 Both to the genealogy of the priests by the house of their fathers, and the Levites from twenty years old and upward, in their charges by their courses; (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 35:4 And prepare yourselves by the houses of your fathers, after your courses, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 35:10 So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king's commandment. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Ezra 6:4 with three courses of great stones, and a course of new timber: and let the expenses be given out of the king's house. (WEB ASV RSV NIV)
Ezra 6:18 They set the priests in their divisions, and the Levites in their courses, for the service of God, which is at Jerusalem; as it is written in the book of Moses. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Nehemiah 11:36 And of the Levites, certain courses in Judah were joined to Benjamin. (ASV JPS YLT)
Proverbs 5:16 Should thy springs be dispersed abroad, And streams of water in the streets? (See JPS)
Ecclesiastes 1:6 The wind goes toward the south, and turns around to the north. It turns around continually as it goes, and the wind returns again to its courses. (WEB NAS)
Isaiah 44:4 and they will spring up among the grass, as willows by the watercourses. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Jeremiah 8:6 I have given attention, yea, I hearken, They do not speak right, No man hath repented of his wickedness, Saying, What have I done? Every one hath turned to his courses, As a horse is rushing into battle. (YLT)