|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) One who credits, believes, or trusts.
2. (n.) One who gives credit in business matters; hence, one to whom money is due; -- correlative to debtor.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(a) nosheh, participle of nashah: Exodus 22:24 (English translation: 25); 2 Kings 4:1 Isaiah 50:1; translated "extortioner," Psalm 109:11; "taker of usury," Isaiah 24:2 the King James Version;
(b) malweh, participle of lawah, Isaiah 24:2 the Revised Version (British and American), the King James Version "lender";
(c) ba`al mashsheh yadho: "lord of the loan of his hand," Deuteronomy 15:2;
(d) danistes: Luke 7:41, "creditor" the King James Version, "lender" the Revised Version (British and American); compare further danistos, Sirach 29:28, "lender" the King James Version, "money-lender" the Revised Version (British and American):
In the ideal social system of the Old Testament, debts are incurred only because of poverty, and the law protected the poor debtor from his creditor, who in Exodus 22:25 is forbidden to demand interest, and in Deuteronomy 15:2 to exact payment in view of the nearness of the year of release. 2 Kings 4:1 shows that the actual practice was not so considerate, and in consequence the creditor fell into bad repute. In Psalm 109:11 he is the extortioner; in Proverbs 29:13 the oppressor is evidently the creditor, though a different word is used; compare also Proverbs 22:7. In Sirach 29:28 the importunity of the creditor is one of the hardships of the poor man of understanding. The actual practice of the Jews may be gathered from Nehemiah 5:1; Jeremiah 34:8; and Sirach 29:1-11.
See also DEBT.
Walter R. Betteridge
Creditor (8 Occurrences)
Luke 7:41 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty. (KJV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Exodus 22:25 "If you lend money to any of my people with you who is poor, you shall not be to him as a creditor; neither shall you charge him interest. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 15:2 This is the manner of the release: every creditor shall release that which he has lent to his neighbor; he shall not exact it of his neighbor and his brother; because Yahweh's release has been proclaimed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets to Elisha, saying, "Your servant my husband is dead. You know that your servant feared Yahweh. Now the creditor has come to take for himself my two children to be slaves." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 109:11 Let the creditor seize all that he has. Let strangers plunder the fruit of his labor. (WEB JPS BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 22:7 The man of wealth has rule over the poor, and he who gets into debt is a servant to his creditor. (BBE)
Proverbs 29:13 The poor man and his creditor come face to face: the Lord gives light to their eyes equally. (BBE)
Isaiah 24:2 It will be as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the creditor, so with the debtor; as with the taker of interest, so with the giver of interest. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)