|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) Any violation of law, either divine or human; an omission of a duty commanded, or the commission of an act forbidden by law.
2. (n.) Gross violation of human law, in distinction from a misdemeanor or trespass, or other slight offense. Hence, also, any aggravated offense against morality or the public welfare; any outrage or great wrong.
3. (n.) Any great wickedness or sin; iniquity.
4. (n.) That which occasion crime.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
krim, krimz: This. term is used in English as the equivalent of the Hebrew mishpaT, "judgment," "verdict" (Ezekiel 7:23); zimmah, "a heinous crime" (Job 31:11); 'asham = "a fault," "sin" (Genesis 26:10, English Versions of the Bible "guiltiness"); and Greek aitia, "case," "cause" (Acts 25:27, the Revised Version (British and American) "charges"). In the King James Version John 18:38; John 19:4, 6, the rendition is "fault."
egklema, "indictment," "charge" (Acts 25:16 the King James Version) is changed in the Revised Version (British and American) to "matter." A crime is a transgression against the public right; serious offense against the law; a base weakness or iniquity, all of which are regarded by the Bible as offenses against
(1) God, or
(2) man, or
An injury to the creature is regarded as obnoxious to the Creator. Specific forms of crime are the following:
See separate article.
This term does not occur in the English Versions of the Bible, but, of course, is included in the more general "to kill," or "to slay" (haragh = "to smite with deadly intent" "destroy," "kill," "murder," "put to death"). The law distinguished between unpremeditated and premeditated slaying, pronouncing a curse upon the latter (Deuteronomy 27:25). David expresses the deepest abhorrence of such an act (2 Samuel 4:9-12). Instances are found recorded in Judges 3:15-22 2 Samuel 3:27; 2 Samuel 4:5-7; 13:28, 29; 20:9, 10; 2 Kings 12:20; 2 Kings 19:37 Isaiah 37:38. See also separate article.
According to Webster: "unnatural connection with a beast." This form of vice was treated by the Mosaic law as something exceedingly loathsome and abhorrent, calling for extreme language in its description and rigorous measures in its punishment. Both the beast and the guilty human were to be put to death (Exodus 22:19 Leviticus 18:23; Leviticus 20:15, 16 Deuteronomy 27:21), in order, as the Talmud says, to obliterate all memory of the crime.
See separate article.
Breach of Covenant.
Breach of Covenant (parar 'eth ha-berith).-According to Poucher (HDB, article "Crimes"), this term included:
(1) failure to observe the Day of Atonement (Leviticus 23:29); work on that day (Leviticus 23:28);
(2) sacrifice of children to Moloch (Leviticus 20:3);
(3) neglect of circumcision (Genesis 17:14 Exodus 4:26);
(4) unauthorized manufacture of the holy oil (Exodus 30:33);
(5) anointing an alien therewith (Exodus 30:33);
(6) neglect of the Passover (Numbers 9:13).
Note also the following: Genesis 17:14 Leviticus 26:15-44 Deuteronomy 29:25; Deuteronomy 31:16, 20. Paul (Romans 1:31) speaks of asunthetoi = "Convenant-breakers."
Breach of Ritual.
A term not found in the Scriptures, but designed to cover a number of acts prohibited by the ceremonial law. They have been exhaustively enumerated by Poucher (HDB, article "Crimes"):
(1) eating blood, whether of fowl or beast (Leviticus 7:27; Leviticus 17:14);
(2) eating fat of the beast of sacrifice (Leviticus 7:25);
(3) eating leavened bread during the Passover (Exodus 12:15, 19);
(4) failure to bring an offering when an animal is slaughtered for food (Leviticus 17:4);
(5) offering sacrifice while the worshipper is under the ban of uncleanness. (Leviticus 7:20, 21; Leviticus 22:3, 4, 9);
(6) making holy ointment for private use (Exodus 30:32, 33);
(7) using the same for perfume (Exodus 30:38);
(8) neglect of purification in general (Numbers 19:13, 10);
(9) slaughtering an animal for food away from the door of the tabernacle (Leviticus 17:4, 9); even the alien must comply, so that the introduction of worship at other places might be avoided;
(10) touching holy things illegally (Numbers 4:16, 20 the Revised Version (British and American) "the sanctuary").
The punishment for the non-observance of these prohibitions was the "cutting off" from the transgressor's people (nikhrath miqqerebh = "cut off from among," i.e. excommunicated).
Breach of Trust.
See TRUST, BREACH OF.
See separate article.
This term does not occur. The corresponding act is defined as "thievery accompanied by breaking," and it places the offender beyond protection from violence (Exodus 22:2). The crime might be committed in various degrees, and to burglarize the "devoted things" was punishable by death (Joshua 7:25), as was also man-stealing (Exodus 21:16 Deuteronomy 24:7).
See separate article.
See separate article.
See separate article.
See separate article.
See separate article.
Evil Speaking (Slander).
See Speaking Evil.
Occurs as the rendition of ma`al = "treachery," "sin," "trespass" (Job 21:34); and of sheqer = "a sham," "deceit," "lying" (2 Samuel 18:13 Psalm 7:14; Psalm 119:118; 144:8, 11 Isaiah 28:15; Isaiah 57:4; Isaiah 59:13; Jeremiah 10:14; Jeremiah 13:25 Hosea 7:1 Micah 2:11). In every case willful perversion of the truth or preference for the untruth is at least presupposed, hence, falsehood always marks an evil disposition, enmity against truth, and hence, against God; consequently is criminal in the fullest sense.
"Swearing to a lie or falsehood" (sheqer) is mentioned in Leviticus 6:3, 1; Leviticus 19:12 Jeremiah 5:2; Jeremiah 7:9 Hosea 10:4 Zechariah 5:4. From these passages and their context, it appears that this crime was considered in the twofold sense of a wrong against
(1) the neighbor, and
(2) against God, for the oath was an appeal to God as a witness to the truthfulness of the statement; hence, to swear falsely was to represent God as supporting a false statement.
Hebrew, zanah = "to commit adultery," especially of the female, and less frequently of mere fornication, seldom of involuntary ravishment; also used figuratively in the sense of idolatry, the Jewish people being regarded as the spouse of Yahweh (2 Chronicles 21:11 Isaiah 23:17 Ezekiel 16:26). Once we find the derivative noun taznuth (Ezekiel 16:29). In the New Testament, with both the literal and the figurative application, we find porneia, and porneuo (Matthew 5:32; Matthew 15:19 John 8:41 Acts 15:20 1 Corinthians 5:1; 1 Corinthians 6:13, 18; 7:02; 10:08; 2 Corinthians 12:21 Galatians 5:19 Ephesians 5:3 Colossians 3:5 1 Thessalonians 4:3 Revelation 2:14, 20, 21; Revelation 9:21; Revelation 14:8; Revelation 17:2, 4). The intensive ekporneuo = "to be utterly unchaste" is found in Jude 1:7. Every form of unchastity is included in the term "fornication."
Found only in Matthew 5:33 in the sense of committing perjury (epiorkeo).
The avocational or at least habitual, notorious practice of unchastity. In most instances the ordinary term for unchaste living, zanah, is employed (Genesis 34:31; Genesis 38:15, 24 Leviticus 21:14 Joshua 2:1 (Rahab); Judges 11:1; Judges 16:1 1 Kings 3:16; Proverbs 7:10; Proverbs 29:3 Jeremiah 5:7 Amos 7:17). For the publicly known woman of the street and the professional devotee in the pagan temple-worship, the term kedheshah, was employed (Genesis 38:21, 22 the King James Version; Hosea 4:14). The Greek porne, occurs in Matthew 21:31; Luke 15:30 1 Corinthians 6:15, 16; Hebrews 11:31 James 2:25. Figurative: Often used metaphorically of idolatry or any defection from the Divine covenant, and applied particularly to Jerusalem (Isaiah 1:21); the Jewish nation (Jeremiah 2:20; Jeremiah 3:1, 6; often in Ezekiel 16 and Ezekiel 23 Micah 1:7); Israel (Hosea 4:15); Nineveh (Nahum 3:4); Tyro, with reference to the various arts employed to renew her commerce (Isaiah 23:16) and to her restored traffic (Isaiah 23:17); and to antiChristian "Babylon" (Revelation 17:5, 15; Revelation 19:2). See also Fornication.
"Manslayer" (ratsach, "to dash in pieces," "to kill," "to murder"; Greek androphonos, with the same meaning): Mentioned in Numbers 35:6, 12 1 Timothy 1:9. The Hebrew law distinguished between the premeditated and the unpremeditated slaying. See separate article.
See separate article.
Ill-treatment of Parents (Exodus 21:15, 17 Leviticus 20:9 Deuteronomy 21:18).
Injuries to the Person (Exodus 21:18 Leviticus 24:19 Deuteronomy 25:11).
Lack of respect for God or His natural representatives, the parents or governmental officers. See also Parents, Crimes against; Blasphemy.
Designated in Hebrew by zimmah, "vice," "wickedness," "refined immorality" (Leviticus 18:17; Leviticus 20:14); also "unnatural vice," tebhel, the same word that is used to designate the unnatural commingling with beasts. Amnon's deed is designated as checedh, indicating the degradation of the tenderness natural between brothers and sisters into a tenderness of an immoral character (2 Samuel 13). The crime of sexual relation of persons within the degrees of relationship forbidden by the Levitical law, as for instance, that of Lot's daughters with their father (Genesis 19:33); the son with his father's concubines, as for instance, Reuben (Genesis 35:22), and Absalom (2 Samuel 16:22; compare 1 Corinthians 5:1); that of the father-in-law with his daughter-in-law (Genesis 38:15; compare Ezekiel 22:11); of the brother with the sister or half-sister, as for instance, Amnon (2 Samuel 13:14); of the brother-in-law with the sister-in-law (Matthew 14:3); with the wife's mother, or the wife's daughter while living in apparent marriage with the mother (Leviticus 20:14; Leviticus 18:17). Illicit relation with the brother's widow is designated (Leviticus 20:21) as a disgraceful deed, literally, "uncleanness" (excepting the levirate marriage). Such acts were forbidden on the ground that the Jews were to avoid the evil practices of the Canaanites and the Egyptians in regard to marriage within the specified limits, because this would naturally result in breaking down the sanctity of the bonds connecting near relatives, and in throwing open the flood gates of immorality among them. It is the Divine plan that the unions based on mutual choice and love, mingled with carnality, shall become clarified more and more into the purer love of close consanguineal relations; not vice versa. Then, too, such provisions would secure higher results in training and in the production of mentally and physically healthy children, the balancing and evening up of contrasts of Nature, and the production of new and improved types. The principle on which the prohibitions are imposed seems to be this: Marriage is forbidden between any person and a direct ancestor or a direct descendant or any close relative, such as brother or sister of either himself or any of his ancestors or any of his immediate descendants.
This crime, in the form in which it has been and is prevalent among barbarous nations, seems to have been quite foreign to the minds of the Hebrews, for they had too lofty a conception of the value of human life, and children were considered a blessing; their absence in the home, a curse (compare Exodus 1:17, 21 Psalm 127 Psalm 128). For this reason, there appeared to be no reason to prohibit it by law, except as the Israelites might be influenced to sacrifice their children to Molech when following the religious customs of the Canaanites.
andrapodistes = "man-stealer," "slave-dealer" (1 Timothy 1:10). This was a mortal offense; but it seems that it, like some other forms of iniquity, was unknown to the Hebrews, except as they came in contact with it through their intercourse with other nations, such as the Romans and the Greeks, whose mythology frequently alludes to such acts. Lying, Malice, Manslaughter, Murder, Oath.
See separate articles.
Parents, Crimes against.
The law enjoined upon the infant all the reverence toward his parents, especially the father, that he could bestow on a merely human being. The reason for this lay in the fact that the heads of families were expected to transmit the Divine law to their household, and thus to stand in the place of God. That the mother was to share this reverence practically on equal terms with the father is shown by the fact that each is mentioned separately whenever obedience and reverence are enjoined upon the child (Deuteronomy 5:16). As the specific crime against Yahweh consisted in blasphemy and open rebellion against the law, so the crime against parents consisted in deliberate disobedience and stubbornness (Deuteronomy 21:18). And here again both the father and the mother are directed to lay hands upon him and bring him unto the elders for punishment. How greatly such conduct was held in horror is seen in many of the Proverbs, especially 30:17. It would be hard to specify all the acts which, in view of the above, would be considered crimes against the parents, but it is evident that everything which would lower their dignity and influence or violate their sense of just recognition must be carefully avoided, as witness the curse visited upon Ham (Genesis 9:20-27).
See False Swearing; Forswear above; also article OATH.
By reason of his position as the recognized mouthpiece of Yahweh, the prophet's word was weighty in influence; hence, to prophesy falsely was equivalent to practicing fraud publicly. Jeremiah described the condition as "wonderful and horrible," which made such things possible (Jeremiah 5:30, 31). See also Jeremiah 23, 12; Jeremiah 29:8, 9 Ezekiel 21:23 Zechariah 10:2 Matthew 7:15; Matthew 24:11, 24 Mark 13:22; Luke 6:26 Acts 13:6 (Bar-Jesus); 2 Peter 2:1 1 John 4:1 Revelation 16:13; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:10. See also separate article.
Hebrew and Christian morality never condoned this practice, though the Bible recognizes its existence as a fact even among God's people. The Hebrew father was forbidden (Leviticus 19:29) to give his daughter over to a life of shame (chalal, "to profane a person, place or thing," "to pollute"). See also Fornication, Harlotry, and Whoredom below.
chazak = "to seize," "bind," "restrain," "conquer," "force," "ravish." The punishment for this crime was greater when the act was committed against a betrothed woman (Deuteronomy 22:25-29). See also Seduction.
Removing Landmarks. (Deuteronomy 19:14).
Reviling (Exodus 22:28).
See Irreverence above and article REVILE.
gazal = "to pluck off," "strip," "rob," "take away by force or violence"; forbidden in the law and frequently referred to as despicable (Leviticus 19:13; Leviticus 26:22 1 Samuel 23:1 Proverbs 22:22 Isaiah 10:2, 13; Isaiah 17:14; Ezekiel 33:15; Ezekiel 39:10 Malachi 3:8, 9).
As the Hebrew Sabbath was regarded as a day of rest, all acts absolutely unnecessary were considered a violation, a "breaking" of the Sabbath, which appears sufficiently from the commandment (Exodus 20:8-11); and the head of the household was held responsible for the keeping of this commandment on the part of all sojourners under his roof.
No other law gave the sophistical legalists of later Judaism so much opportunity for hair-splitting distinctions as did this. In answer to the question what labors were forbidden, they mentioned 39 specific forms of work, and then proceeded to define what constituted each particular form. But as even these definitions would not cover all possible questions, special precepts were invented. In order that one might not be caught in the midst of unfinished labors, when the Sabbath began (at sunset), certain forms of work must not be undertaken on Friday. Thus it was forbidden to fry meat, onions or eggs, if there was not sufficient time for them to be fully cooked before evening. No bread, no cakes, must be put into the oven, if there was not sufficient time remaining for their surface to brown before night.
ta`ah, "to dissemble," "seduce," and Ta`ah, with the same meaning; apoplanao, "to lead astray"; planao, "to go astray," "deceive," "err," "seduce"; and goes, "a wizard," "an impostor," "seducer." In all the passages in which the idea of seduction is expressed in the English the term is used not in the modern sense of a trespass against a woman's person, but in the more general and figurative sense of leading into sin generally (2 Kings 21:9 Proverbs 12:26 the King James Version.; Isaiah 19:13 the King James Version; Ezekiel 13:10 Mark 13:22 the King James Version; 2 Timothy 3:13 the King James Version; 1 John 2:26 the King James Version; Revelation 2:20). However, the modern English idea of the word is expressed in the law found in Exodus 22:16, 17.
See separate article.
See Unnatural Vice.
"To bring an evil (ra`) name upon" (Deuteronomy 19:15 1 Kings 22:23 Psalm 34:13; Psalm 41:5; Psalm 50:19; Psalm 109:20; 140:11 Proverbs 15:28; Proverbs 16:30). Evil speaking is considered a crime because it is simply the expression of the evil intents of the heart. This is brought out more clearly in the New Testament (Matthew 7:17, 18; Matthew 12:34, 35 Mark 9:39 Luke 6:45). As such, evil speaking (blasphemia) is represented as entirely unworthy a Christian character (Ephesians 4:31 1 Peter 4:4, 14 2 Peter 2:2, 10, 12 James 4:11 Jude 1:10); and katalaleo = "babble against," "gossip." It will be noticed from the above that evil speaking against those in authority is designated with the same word ("blasphemy") as raillery against God, they being considered God's representatives on earth.
See also EVIL-SPEAKING; SLANDER.
Hebrew ganabh = "to thieve" (literal, or figurative); by implication, "to deceive," "carry away," "secretly bring," "steal away" (Genesis 44:8 Exodus 20:15; Exodus 21:16; Exodus 22:1 Proverbs 6:30; Zechariah 5:3 Genesis 31:20, 26 2 Samuel 15:6; 2 Samuel 19:3 Job 27:20 Proverbs 9:17 ("Stolen waters are sweet"; the forbidden is attractive; compare Romans 7:7)). Greek klepto = "to filch," "steal" (Matthew 6:19, 20; Matthew 19:18 John 10:10 Romans 2:21; Romans 13:9 Ephesians 4:28). See Theft.
No special law is found against this crime, for it is included in the prohibition against killing. Contrary to the practice and the philosophy of paganism, the act was held in deep abhorrence by the Hebrews because of the high value placed on human life. It was held inexcusable that any but the most degraded and satanic should lay hands on their own lives. Only the remorse of the damned could drive one to it, as witness Saul (1 Samuel 31:4) and Judas (Matthew 27:5).
Hebrew genebhah "stealing" (concrete), "something stolen," "theft" (Exodus 22:3, 1); mentioned in connection with other wickedness (klope) in Matthew 15:19 Mark 7:21; and (klemma) in Revelation 9:21. All three words are used abstractly for the act and concretely for the thing stolen.
Unchastity. No other form of sin is mentioned with disapproval and threats more frequently than the various forms of carnal vice, for no other sin is more natural or widespread.
See CHASTITY; LEWDNESS; MARRIAGE.
Unnatural Vice (Sodomy).
Alluded to with delicacy, but positively condemned as an abomination (Genesis 13:13; Genesis 19:5, 7 Leviticus 18:22; Leviticus 20:13). It was the specific form of wickedness through which Sodom became notorious, so that "sodomite" is the regular translation of qadhesh, "a (quasi) sacred person," i.e. (technically) "a (male or female) devotee to licentious idolatry" (Deuteronomy 23:17 1 Kings 14:24; 1 Kings 15:12; 1 Kings 22:46 2 Kings 23:7 Job 36:14 margin).
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Crime (45 Occurrences)
Matthew 27:23 "Why, what crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they kept on furiously shouting, "Let him be crucified!" (WEY NIV)
Matthew 27:37 And they put up over his head the statement of his crime in writing, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. (BBE)
Mark 15:14 "Why, what crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they vehemently shouted, "Crucify Him!" (WEY NIV)
Mark 15:26 And the statement of his crime was put in writing on the cross, THE KING OF THE JEWS. (BBE)
Luke 23:4 Pilate said to the High Priests and to the crowd, "I can find no crime in this man." (WEY RSV)
Luke 23:22 He said to them the third time, "Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no capital crime in him. I will therefore chastise him and release him." (WEB WEY RSV NIV)
John 8:4 they say to him, 'Teacher, this woman was taken in the very crime -- committing adultery, (YLT)
John 18:38 "What is truth?" said Pilate. But no sooner had he spoken the words than he went out again to the Jews and told them, "I find no crime in him. (WEY ASV RSV)
John 19:4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "See, I am bringing him out to you to let you clearly understand that I find no crime in him." (WEY ASV RSV)
John 19:6 As soon then as the High Priests and the officers saw Him, they shouted "To the cross! To the cross!" "Take him yourselves and crucify him," said Pilate; "for I, at any rate, find no crime in him." (WEY ASV BBE RSV)
Acts 18:14 But when Paul was about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the Jews, "If indeed it were a matter of wrong or of wicked crime, you Jews, it would be reasonable that I should bear with you; (WEB BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 22:24 the commanding officer commanded him to be brought into the barracks, ordering him to be examined by scourging, that he might know for what crime they shouted against him like that. (WEB)
Acts 24:20 Or else let these men themselves say what injustice they found in me when I stood before the council, (See NIV)
Acts 25:16 To whom I answered, It is not the manner of the Romans to deliver any man to die, before that he which is accused have the accusers face to face, and have licence to answer for himself concerning the crime laid against him. (KJV WBS)
Acts 28:18 who, when they had examined me, desired to set me free, because there was no cause of death in me. (See NIV)
1 Corinthians 6:9 Do you not know that unrighteous men will not inherit God's Kingdom? Cherish no delusion here. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor any who are guilty of unnatural crime, (WEY)
2 Timothy 2:9 In which I put up with the hardest conditions, even prison chains, like one who has done a crime; but the word of God is not in chains. (BBE)
Genesis 31:36 Then Jacob was angry with Laban, and said, What crime or sin have I done that you have come after me with such passion? (BBE NIV)
Leviticus 6:7 And the priest will take away his sin from before the Lord, and he will have forgiveness for whatever crime he has done (BBE)
Deuteronomy 19:13 Have no pity on him, so that Israel may be clear from the crime of putting a man to death without cause, and it will be well for you. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall a matter be established. (See RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 19:16 If an unrighteous witness rise up against any man to testify against him of wrongdoing, (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 21:8 Have mercy, O Lord, on your people Israel whom you have made free, and take away from your people the crime of a death without cause. Then they will no longer be responsible for the man's death. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 21:9 So you will take away the crime of a death without cause from among you, when you do what is right in the eyes of the Lord. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 21:22 If a man does a crime for which the punishment is death, and he is put to death by hanging him on a tree; (BBE RSV)
Deuteronomy 25:2 And if the wrongdoer is to undergo punishment by whipping, the judge will give orders for him to go down on his face and be whipped before him, the number of the blows being in relation to his crime. (BBE NIV)
Judges 9:24 that the violence done to the seventy sons of Jerubbaal might come, and that their blood might be laid on Abimelech their brother, who killed them, and on the men of Shechem, who strengthened his hands to kill his brothers. (See NIV)
Judges 9:56 Thus God requited the crime of Abim'elech, which he committed against his father in killing his seventy brothers; (DBY RSV)
Judges 20:10 and we will take ten men of a hundred throughout all the tribes of Israel, and a hundred of a thousand, and a thousand of ten thousand, to bring provisions for the people, that when they come they may requite Gib'e-ah of Benjamin, for all the wanton crime which they have committed in Israel." (DBY RSV)
Judges 20:12 The tribes of Israel sent men through all the tribe of Benjamin, saying, "What wickedness is this that is happen among you? (See NIV)
1 Samuel 20:1 And David went in flight from Naioth in Ramah and came to Jonathan and said, What have I done? What is my crime and my sin against your father that he is attempting to take my life? (BBE NIV)
1 Samuel 25:26 So now, my lord, by the living God and by your living soul, seeing that the Lord has kept you from the crime of blood and from taking into your hands the punishment for your wrongs, may all your haters, and those who would do evil to my lord, be like Nabal. (BBE)
1 Samuel 25:33 A blessing on your good sense and on you, who have kept me today from the crime of blood and from taking into my hands the punishment for my wrongs. (BBE)
Ezra 6:11 Also I have made a decree, that whoever shall alter this word, let a beam be pulled out from his house, and let him be lifted up and fastened thereon; and let his house be made a dunghill for this: (See NIV)
Job 31:11 For that would be a heinous crime. Yes, it would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV)
Psalms 56:7 Shall they escape by iniquity? In anger cast down the peoples, God. (See RSV)
Psalms 69:27 Charge them with crime upon crime. Don't let them come into your righteousness. (WEB NIV)
Proverbs 21:8 Twisted is the way of him who is full of crime; but as for him whose heart is clean, his work is upright. (BBE)
Ecclesiastes 8:11 Because punishment for an evil work comes not quickly, the minds of the sons of men are fully given to doing evil. (See NIV)
Ecclesiastes 10:13 The first words of his mouth are foolish, and the end of his talk is evil crime. (BBE)
Isaiah 1:4 O nation full of sin, a people weighted down with crime, a generation of evil-doers, false-hearted children: they have gone away from the Lord, they have no respect for the Holy One of Israel, their hearts are turned back from him. (BBE)
Jeremiah 37:18 Moreover Jeremiah said to king Zedekiah, Wherein have I sinned against you, or against your servants, or against this people, that you have put me in prison? (See NIV)
Daniel 6:22 My God has sent his angel, and has shut the lions' mouths, and they have not hurt me; because as before him innocence was found in me; and also before you, O king, have I done no hurt. (See NAS)
Hosea 6:9 As gangs of robbers wait to ambush a man, so the company of priests murder in the way toward Shechem, committing shameful crimes. (Root in WEB NAS NIV)
Habakkuk 2:12 Woe to him who builds a town with blood, and establishes a city by iniquity! (See NIV)