|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
A utensil; a flask or cup for holding water (1 Samuel 26:11, 12, 16; 1 Kings 19:6) or oil (1 Kings 17:12, 14, 16). In 1 Kings 14:3 the word there so rendered means properly a bottle, as in Jeremiah 19:1, 10, or pitcher. In 2 Kings 2:20, a platter or flat metal saucer is intended. The Hebrew word here used is translated "dish" in 21:13; "pans," in 2 Chronicles 35:13; and "bosom," in Proverbs 19:24; 26:15 (R.V., "dish").
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A cup or dish.
2. (n.) A bottle for holding water, oil, honey, etc.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
kroos: A small earthen vessel or flask, usually for holding liquids: tsappachath; as water, 1 Samuel 26:11, 12, 16 1 Kings 19:6; it being porous, the liquid is kept cool; also for holding oil, as in 1 Kings l7:12, 14, 16.
In 1 Kings 14:3 ("a cruse of honey") the word baqbuq, would be better rendered "bottle," doubtless deriving its name from the gurgling sound of issuing liquids. In 2 Kings 2:20 tselochith, is not a jar or flask, but a dish, or platter, for salt or other substances.
In the New Testament a small jar or vial, alabastron, "alabaster cruse" or flask, for holding ointment; not "box" as in the King James Version (Matthew 26:7 Mark 14:3 Luke 7:37; compare 1 Samuel 10:1 2 Kings 9:1, 3, where "box" in the King James Version is used for "vial" the Revised Version (British and American)).
Edward Bagby Pollard
Cruse (11 Occurrences)
Matthew 26:7 there came unto him a woman having an alabaster cruse of exceeding precious ointment, and she poured it upon his head, as he sat at meat. (ASV)
Luke 7:37 And behold, a woman who was in the city, a sinner; and when she knew that he was sitting at meat in the Pharisee's house, she brought an alabaster cruse of ointment, (ASV)
1 Samuel 26:11 The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD's anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that is at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Samuel 26:12 So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon them. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Samuel 26:16 This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the LORD liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD's anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the cruse of water that was at his bolster. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 14:3 And take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him: he shall tell thee what shall become of the child. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
1 Kings 17:12 And she said, As the LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
1 Kings 17:14 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel, The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day that the LORD sendeth rain upon the earth. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
1 Kings 17:16 And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Elijah. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
1 Kings 19:6 And he looked, and, behold, there was a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water at his head. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down again. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
2 Kings 2:20 And he said, Bring me a new cruse, and put salt therein. And they brought it to him. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)