|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Found in Judges 21:21, 23; Psalm 30:11; 149:3; 150:4; Jeremiah 31:4, 13, etc., as the translation of hul, which points to the whirling motion of Oriental sacred dances. It is the rendering of a word (rakad') which means to skip or leap for joy, in Ecclesiastes 3:4; Job 21:11; Isaiah 13:21, etc.
In the New Testament it is in like manner the translation of different Greek words, circular motion (Luke 15:25); leaping up and down in concert (Matthew 11:17), and by a single person (Matthew 14:6).
It is spoken of as symbolical of rejoicing (Ecclesiastes 3:4. Comp. Psalm 30:11; Matthew 11:17). The Hebrews had their sacred dances expressive of joy and thanksgiving, when the performers were usually females (Exodus 15:20; 1 Samuel 18:6).
The ancient dance was very different from that common among Western nations. It was usually the part of the women only (Exodus 15:20; Judges 11:34; Comp. 5:1). Hence the peculiarity of David's conduct in dancing before the ark of the Lord (2 Samuel 6:14). The women took part in it with their timbrels. Michal should, in accordance with the example of Miriam and others, have herself led the female choir, instead of keeping aloof on the occasion and "looking through the window." David led the choir "uncovered", i.e., wearing only the ephod or linen tunic. He thought only of the honour of God, and forgot himself.
From being reserved for occasions of religious worship and festivity, it came gradually to be practised in common life on occasions of rejoicing (Jeremiah 31:4). The sexes among the Jews always danced separately. The daughter of Herodias danced alone (Matthew 14:6).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (v. i.) To move with measured steps, or to a musical accompaniment; to go through, either alone or in company with others, with a regulated succession of movements, (commonly) to the sound of music; to trip or leap rhythmically.
2. (v. i.) To move nimbly or merrily; to express pleasure by motion; to caper; to frisk; to skip about.
3. (v. t.) To cause to dance, or move nimbly or merrily about, or up and down; to dandle.
4. (n.) The leaping, tripping, or measured stepping of one who dances; an amusement, in which the movements of the persons are regulated by art, in figures and in accord with music.
5. (n.) A tune by which dancing is regulated, as the minuet, the waltz, the cotillon, etc.
Dance (18 Occurrences)
Matthew 11:17 and say,'We played the flute for you, and you didn't dance. We mourned for you, and you didn't lament.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 6:22 When the daughter of Herodias herself came in and danced, she pleased Herod and those sitting with him. The king said to the young lady, "Ask me whatever you want, and I will give it to you." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 6:23 "Be glad at such a time, and dance for joy; for your reward is great in Heaven; for that is just the way their forefathers behaved to the Prophets! (WEY)
Luke 7:32 They are like children who sit in the marketplace, and call one to another, saying,'We piped to you, and you didn't dance. We mourned, and you didn't weep.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 21:21 and see, and behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in the dances, then come out of the vineyards, and each man catch his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Judges 21:23 The children of Benjamin did so, and took them wives, according to their number, of those who danced, whom they carried off. They went and returned to their inheritance, built the cities, and lived in them. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Samuel 29:5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying,'Saul has slain his thousands, David his ten thousands?'" (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 21:11 They send forth their little ones like a flock. Their children dance. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Psalms 87:7 Those who sing as well as those who dance say, "All my springs are in you." (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY RSV)
Psalms 118:27 The Lord is God, and he has given us light; let the holy dance be ordered with branches, even up to the horns of the altar. (BBE)
Psalms 149:3 Let them praise his name in the dance! Let them sing praises to him with tambourine and harp! (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Psalms 150:4 Praise him with the timbrel and dance: praise him with stringed instruments and organs. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Ecclesiastes 3:4 a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 6:13 Return, return, Shulammite! Return, return, that we may gaze at you. Why do you desire to gaze at the Shulammite, as at the dance of Mahanaim? (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 13:21 But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Jeremiah 31:4 Again will I build you, and you shall be built, O virgin of Israel: again you shall be adorned with your tambourines, and shall go forth in the dances of those who make merry. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 31:13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, and the young men and the old together; for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Lamentations 5:15 The joy of our heart is ceased; Our dance is turned into mourning. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)