|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (a.) Wanting the sense of hearing, either wholly or in part; unable to perceive sounds; hard of hearing; as, a deaf man.
2. (a.) Unwilling to hear or listen; determinedly inattentive; regardless; not to be persuaded as to facts, argument, or exhortation; -- with to; as, deaf to reason.
3. (a.) Deprived of the power of hearing; deafened.
4. (a.) Obscurely heard; stifled; deadened.
5. (a.) Decayed; tasteless; dead; as, a deaf nut; deaf corn.
6. (v. t.) To deafen.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
def (cheresh; kophos): Used either in the physical sense, or figuratively as expressing unwillingness to hear the Divine message (Psalm 58:4), or incapacity to understand it for want of spirituality (Psalm 38:13). The prophetic utterances were sufficiently forcible to compel even such to hear (Isaiah 42:18; Isaiah 43:8) and thereby to receive the Divine mercy (Isaiah 29:18; Isaiah 35:5).
The expression "deaf adder that stoppeth her car" (Psalm 58:4) alludes to a curious notion that the adder, to avoid hearing the voice of the charmer, laid its head with one car on the ground and stopped the other with the tip of its tail (Diary of John Manninghan, 1602). The adder is called deaf by Shakespeare (2 Hen VI, iii, 2, 76; Troilus and Cressida, ii, 2, 172). The erroneous idea probably arose from the absence of external ears. Physical deafness was regarded as a judgment from God (Exodus 4:11 Micah 7:16), and it was consequently impious to curse the deaf (Leviticus 19:14).
In New Testament times deafness and kindred defects were attributed to evil spirits (Mark 9:18). See DUMB.
Deaf (22 Occurrences)
Matthew 11:5 the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 7:32 They brought to him one who was deaf and had an impediment in his speech. They begged him to lay his hand on him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 7:37 They were astonished beyond measure, saying, "He has done all things well. He makes even the deaf hear, and the mute speak!" (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 9:25 When Jesus saw that a multitude came running together, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, "You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him, and never enter him again!" (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 7:22 Jesus answered them, "Go and tell John the things which you have seen and heard: that the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have good news preached to them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 16:31 "'If they are deaf to Moses and the Prophets,' replied Abraham, 'they would not be led to believe even if some one should rise from the dead.'" (WEY)
Hebrews 12:25 Be careful not to refuse to listen to Him who is speaking to you. For if they of old did not escape unpunished when they refused to listen to him who spoke on earth, much less shall we escape who turn a deaf ear to Him who now speaks from Heaven. (WEY)
Exodus 4:11 Yahweh said to him, "Who made man's mouth? Or who makes one mute, or deaf, or seeing, or blind? Isn't it I, Yahweh? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 19:14 "'You shall not curse the deaf, nor put a stumbling block before the blind; but you shall fear your God. I am Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 1:45 You returned and wept before Yahweh; but Yahweh didn't listen to your voice, nor gave ear to you. (See NIV)
1 Samuel 10:27 But the children of Belial said, How should this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no gifts. But he was as one deaf. (DBY YLT)
Psalms 28:1 By David. To you, Yahweh, I call. My rock, don't be deaf to me; lest, if you are silent to me, I would become like those who go down into the pit. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 38:13 But I, as a deaf man, don't hear. I am as a mute man who doesn't open his mouth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 39:12 "Hear my prayer, Yahweh, and give ear to my cry. Don't be silent at my tears. For I am a stranger with you, a foreigner, as all my fathers were. (See NIV)
Psalms 58:4 Their poison is like the poison of a snake; like a deaf cobra that stops its ear, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Proverbs 28:9 As for the man whose ear is turned away from hearing the law, even his prayer is disgusting. (See NIV)
Isaiah 29:18 In that day, the deaf will hear the words of the book, and the eyes of the blind will see out of obscurity and out of darkness. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 35:5 Then the eyes of the blind will be opened, and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 42:18 "Hear, you deaf, and look, you blind, that you may see. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 42:19 Who is blind, but my servant? Or who is as deaf as my messenger whom I send? Who is as blind as he who is at peace, and as blind as Yahweh's servant? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 43:8 Bring out the blind people who have eyes, and the deaf who have ears. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Micah 7:16 The nations will see and be ashamed of all their might. They will lay their hand on their mouth. Their ears will be deaf. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)