|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
A scarcity of provisions (1 Kings 17). There were frequent dearths in Palestine. In the days of Abram there was a "famine in the land" (Genesis 12:10), so also in the days of Jacob (47:4, 13). We read also of dearths in the time of the judges (Ruth 1:1), and of the kings (2 Samuel 21:1; 1 Kings 18:2; 2 Kings 4:38; 8:1).
In New Testament times there was an extensive famine in Palestine (Acts 11:28) in the fourth year of the reign of the emperor Claudius (A.D. 44 and 45).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) Scarcity; want; lack; as, a dearth of edible plants; specifically, lack of food on account of failure of crops; famine.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
durth. See FAMINE.
Dearth (11 Occurrences)
Acts 7:11 Now there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and Chanaan, and great affliction: and our fathers found no sustenance. (KJV WBS YLT)
Acts 11:28 And there stood up one of them named Agabus, and signified by the Spirit that there should be great dearth throughout all the world: which came to pass in the days of Claudius Caesar. (KJV WBS YLT)
Genesis 41:54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. (KJV DBY WBS)
Genesis 41:55 And all the land of Egypt suffered from the dearth. And the people cried to Pharaoh for bread; and Pharaoh said to all the Egyptians, Go to Joseph: what he says to you, that do. (DBY)
2 Kings 4:38 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him: and he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets. (KJV JPS ASV WBS)
2 Chronicles 6:28 If there be dearth in the land, if there be pestilence, if there be blasting, or mildew, locusts, or caterpillars; if their enemies besiege them in the cities of their land; whatsoever sore or whatsoever sickness there be: (KJV WBS)
Nehemiah 5:3 Some also there were that said, We are mortgaging our fields, and our vineyards, and our houses: let us get grain, because of the dearth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Job 5:22 At destruction and dearth thou shalt laugh; Neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth. (ASV)
Proverbs 14:28 A king's glory is in the number of his people: and for need of people a ruler may come to destruction. (See NAS)
Jeremiah 14:1 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth. (KJV WBS YLT)
Jeremiah 17:8 And hath been as a tree planted by waters, And by a rivulet he sendeth forth his roots, And he doth not see when heat cometh, And his leaf hath been green, And in a year of dearth he is not sorrowful, Nor doth he cease from making fruit. (YLT)