|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Dedication, Feast of the
(John 10:22, 42), i.e., the feast of the renewing. It was instituted B.C. 164 to commemorate the purging of the temple after its pollution by Antiochus Epiphanes (B.C. 167), and the rebuilding of the altar after the Syrian invaders had been driven out by Judas Maccabaeus. It lasted for eight days, beginning on the 25th of the month Chisleu (December), which was often a period of heavy rains (Ezra 10:9, 13). It was an occasion of much rejoicing and festivity.
But there were other dedications of the temple. (1) That of Solomon's temple (1 Kings 8:2; 2 Chronicles 5:3); (2) the dedication in the days of Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29); and (3) the dedication of the temple after the Captivity (Ezra 6:16).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of consecrating to a divine Being, or to a sacred use, often with religious solemnities; solemn appropriation; as, the dedication of Solomon's temple.
2. (n.) A devoting or setting aside for any particular purpose; as, a dedication of lands to public use.
3. (n.) An address to a patron or friend, prefixed to a book, testifying respect, and often recommending the work to his special protection and favor.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ded'-i-kat, ded-ika'-shun (chanukkah, "initiation," "consecration"; qadhesh, "to be clean," "sanctify"; cherem, "a thing devoted (to God)"): Often used in Hebrew of the consecration of persons, but usually in the English Versions of the Bible of the setting apart of things to a sacred use, as of the altar (Numbers 7:10, 84, 88; compare Daniel 3:2, 3, "the dedication of the image"), of silver and gold (2 Samuel 8:11 2 Kings 12:4), of the Temple (1 Kings 8:63 Ezra 6:16; compare Exodus 29:44), of the wall of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 12:27), of private dwellings (Deuteronomy 20:5). the Revised Version (British and American) substitutes "devoted" for "dedicated" in Ezekiel 44:29. See CONSECRATION; SANCTIFICATION.
DEDICATION, FEAST OF
ded-i-ka'-shun (ta egkainia, John 10:22): A feast held by the Jews throughout the country for eight days, commencing on the 25th Kiclev (December), in commemoration of the cleansing of the temple and dedication of the altar by Judas Maccabeus after their desecration by Antiochus Epiphanes (1 Maccabees 4:56, 59). The feast was to be kept "with mirth and gladness." 2 Maccabees 10:6, 7 says it was kept like the Feast of the Tabernacles, with the carrying of palm and other branches, and the singing of psalms. Josephus calls it "Lights," from the joy which accompanied it (Ant., XII, vii, 7). At this winter feast Jesus delivered in the temple the discourse recorded in John 10:24, at Jerusalem.
Dedication (16 Occurrences)
John 10:22 It was the Feast of the Dedication at Jerusalem. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 5:11 But refuse younger widows, for when they have grown wanton against Christ, they desire to marry; (See NIV)
Numbers 6:19 The priest shall take the boiled shoulder of the ram, and one unleavened cake out of the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and shall put them on the hands of the Nazirite, after he has shaved the head of his separation; (See NIV)
Numbers 7:10 The princes gave offerings for the dedication of the altar in the day that it was anointed, even the princes gave their offerings before the altar. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:11 Yahweh said to Moses, "They shall offer their offering, each prince on his day, for the dedication of the altar." (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:84 This was the dedication of the altar, on the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Israel: twelve silver platters, twelve silver bowls, twelve golden ladles; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:88 and all the cattle for the sacrifice of peace offerings twenty-four bulls, the rams sixty, the male goats sixty, the male lambs a year old sixty. This was the dedication of the altar, after it was anointed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 7:9 On the eighth day they held a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 6:16 The children of Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the rest of the children of the captivity, kept the dedication of this house of God with joy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 6:17 They offered at the dedication of this house of God one hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve male goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 12:27 At the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with giving thanks, and with singing, with cymbals, stringed instruments, and with harps. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 29:11 Jehovah will give strength unto his people; Jehovah will bless his people with peace. Psalm 30 A Psalm; a Song at the Dedication of the House. 'A Psalm' of David. (ASV)
Psalms 30:1 A Psalm. A Song for the Dedication of the Temple. By David. I will extol you, Yahweh, for you have raised me up, and have not made my foes to rejoice over me. (WEB JPS DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Proverbs 20:25 It is a snare to a man to make a rash dedication, then later to consider his vows. (WEB)
Daniel 3:2 Then Nebuchadnezzar the king sent to gather together the satraps, the deputies, and the governors, the judges, the treasurers, the counselors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image which Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:3 Then the satraps, the deputies, and the governors, the judges, the treasurers, the counselors, the sheriffs, and all the rulers of the provinces, were gathered together to the dedication of the image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up; and they stood before the image that Nebuchadnezzar had set up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)