|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(Luke 2:46; 5:17; Acts 5:34), a teacher. The Jewish doctors taught and disputed in synagogues, or wherever they could find an audience. Their disciples were allowed to propose to them questions. They assumed the office without any appointment to it. The doctors of the law were principally of the sect of the Pharisees. Schools were established after the destruction of Jerusalem at Babylon and Tiberias, in which academical degrees were conferred on those who passed a certain examination. Those of the school of Tiberias were called by the title "rabbi," and those of Babylon by that of "master."
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A teacher; one skilled in a profession, or branch of knowledge learned man.
2. (n.) An academic title, originally meaning a men so well versed in his department as to be qualified to teach it. Hence: One who has taken the highest degree conferred by a university or college, or has received a diploma of the highest degree; as, a doctor of divinity, of law, of medicine, of music, or of philosophy. Such diplomas may confer an honorary title only.
3. (n.) One duly licensed to practice medicine; a member of the medical profession; a physician.
4. (n.) Any mechanical contrivance intended to remedy a difficulty or serve some purpose in an exigency; as, the doctor of a calico-printing machine, which is a knife to remove superfluous coloring matter; the doctor, or auxiliary engine, called also donkey engine.
5. (n.) The friar skate.
6. (v. t.) To treat as a physician does; to apply remedies to; to repair; as, to doctor a sick man or a broken cart.
7. (v. t.) To confer a doctorate upon; to make a doctor.
8. (v. t.) To tamper with and arrange for one's own purposes; to falsify; to adulterate; as, to doctor election returns; to doctor whisky.
9. (v. i.) To practice physic.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
dok'-ter: (In Luke 2:46 didaskalos) "doctor" is equivalent to "teacher," which latter is the translation of the Revised Version (British and American). So in Luke 5:17 Acts 5:34, the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "doctors," "doctor," of the law (nomodidaskalos). See EDUCATION; RABBI; SCRIBES.
Doctor (5 Occurrences)
Matthew 9:12 He heard the question and replied, "It is not men in good health who require a doctor, but the sick. (WEY NIV)
Mark 2:17 Jesus heard the words, and He said, "It is not the healthy who require a doctor, but the sick: I did not come to appeal to the righteous, but to sinners." (WEY NIV)
Luke 5:31 Jesus answered them, "Those who are healthy have no need for a physician, but those who are sick do. (See NIV)
Acts 5:34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel, a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded to put the apostles forth a little space; (KJV ASV WBS)
Colossians 4:14 Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas greet you. (See NIV)