|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Used as manure (Luke 13:8); collected outside the city walls (Nehemiah 2:13). Of sacrifices, burned outside the camp (Exodus 29:14; Leviticus 4:11; 8:17; Numbers 19:5). To be "cast out as dung," a figurative expression (1 Kings 14:10; 2 Kings 9:37; Jeremiah 8:2; Psalm 18:42), meaning to be rejected as unprofitable.
(2.) Used as fuel, a substitute for firewood, which was with difficulty procured in Syria, Arabia, and Egypt (Ezek. 4:12-15), where cows' and camels' dung is used to the present day for this purpose.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (p. p.) of Ding.
2. (n.) The excrement of an animal.
3. (v. t.) To manure with dung.
4. (v. t.) To immerse or steep, as calico, in a bath of hot water containing cow dung; -- done to remove the superfluous mordant.
5. (v. i.) To void excrement.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DUNG; DUNG GATE
dung ('ashpoth, domen, peresh; skubalon, etc.): Nine different words occurring in the Hebrew have been translated "dung" in the Old Testament. The word used to designate one of the gates of Jerusalem ('ashpoth, Nehemiah 2:13; Nehemiah 3:14) is more general than the others and may mean any kind of refuse. The gate was probably so named because outside it was the general dump heap of the city. Visitors in recent years riding outside the city walls of Jerusalem, on their way to the Mt. of Olives or Jericho, may have witnessed such a dump against the wall, which has existed for generations.
The first mention made of dung is in connection with sacrificial rites. The sacred law required that the dung, along with what parts of the animal were not burned on the altar, should be burned outside the camp (Exodus 29:14 Leviticus 4:11; Leviticus 8:17; Leviticus 16:27 Numbers 19:5). The fertilizing value of dung was appreciated by the cultivator, as is indicated by Luke 13:8 and possibly Psalm 83:10 and Isaiah 25:10.
Dung was also used as a fuel. Ezekiel 4:12, 15 will be understood when it is known that the dung of animals is a common fuel throughout Palestine and Syria, where other fuel is scarce. During the summer, villagers gather the manure of their cattle, horses or camels, mix it with straw, make it into cakes and dry it for use as fuel for cooking, especially in the winter when wood or charcoal or straw are not procurable. It burns slowly like peat and meets the needs of the kitchen. In Mesopotamia the writer saw it being used with forced draft to fire a steam boiler. There was no idea of uncleanness in Ezekiel's mind, associated with the use of animal dung as fuel (Ezekiel 4:15).
Figuratively: Dung was frequently used figuratively to express the idea
(a) of worthlessness, especially a perishable article for which no one cares (1 Kings 14:10 2 Kings 6:25; 2 Kings 9:37 Job 20:7 Psalm 83:10 Jeremiah 8:2; Jeremiah 9:22; Jeremiah 16:4; Jeremiah 25:33 Zephaniah 1:17 Philippians 3:8 (the American Standard Revised Version "refuse")). Dunghill was used in the same way (1 Samuel 2:8 Ezra 6:11 Psalm 113:7 Isaiah 25:10 Daniel 2:5; Daniel 3:29 Luke 14:35 Lamentations 4:5);
(b) as an expression of disgust (2 Kings 18:27 Isaiah 36:12);
(c) of rebuke (Malachi 2:3).
James A. Patch
Dung (27 Occurrences)
Luke 13:8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Luke 14:35 It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. (Root in KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Exodus 29:14 But the flesh of the bull, and its skin, and its dung, you shall burn with fire outside of the camp: it is a sin offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Leviticus 4:11 The bull's skin, all its flesh, with its head, and with its legs, its innards, and its dung, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Leviticus 8:17 But the bull, and its skin, and its flesh, and its dung, he burned with fire outside the camp; as Yahweh commanded Moses. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Leviticus 16:27 The bull for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the Holy Place, shall be carried forth outside the camp; and they shall burn their skins, their flesh, and their dung with fire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Numbers 19:5 One shall burn the heifer in his sight; her skin, and her flesh, and her blood, with her dung, shall he burn: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
1 Kings 14:10 therefore, behold, I will bring evil on the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam everyone who urinates on a wall, he who is shut up and he who is left at large in Israel, and will utterly sweep away the house of Jeroboam, as a man sweeps away dung, until it is all gone. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 6:25 There was a great famine in Samaria. Behold, they besieged it, until a donkey's head was sold for eighty pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a kab of dove's dung for five pieces of silver. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 9:37 and the body of Jezebel shall be as dung on the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel, so that they shall not say, "This is Jezebel."'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 18:27 But Rabshakeh said to them, "Has my master sent me to your master, and to you, to speak these words? Hasn't he sent me to the men who sit on the wall, to eat their own dung, and to drink their own water with you?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Nehemiah 2:13 I went out by night by the valley gate, even toward the jackal's well, and to the dung gate, and viewed the walls of Jerusalem, which were broken down, and its gates were consumed with fire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 3:13 The valley gate repaired Hanun, and the inhabitants of Zanoah; they built it, and set up its doors, its bolts, and its bars, and one thousand cubits of the wall to the dung gate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 3:14 The dung gate repaired Malchijah the son of Rechab, the ruler of the district of Beth Haccherem; he built it, and set up its doors, its bolts, and its bars. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 12:31 Then I brought up the princes of Judah on the wall, and appointed two great companies who gave thanks and went in procession. One went on the right hand on the wall toward the dung gate; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 20:7 yet he shall perish forever like his own dung. Those who have seen him shall say,'Where is he?' (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Psalms 83:10 who perished at Endor, who became as dung for the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 36:12 But Rabshakeh said, "Has my master sent me only to your master and to you, to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, who will eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 8:2 and they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the army of the sky, which they have loved, and which they have served, and after which they have walked, and which they have sought, and which they have worshiped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried, they shall be for dung on the surface of the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 9:22 Speak, Thus says Yahweh, The dead bodies of men shall fall as dung on the open field, and as the handful after the harvester; and none shall gather them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 16:4 They shall die grievous deaths: they shall not be lamented, neither shall they be buried; they shall be as dung on the surface of the ground; and they shall be consumed by the sword, and by famine; and their dead bodies shall be food for the birds of the sky, and for the animals of the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Jeremiah 25:33 The slain of Yahweh shall be at that day from one end of the earth even to the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung on the surface of the ground. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 4:12 You shall eat it as barley cakes, and you shall bake it in their sight with dung that comes out of man. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 4:15 Then he said to me, Behold, I have given you cow's dung for man's dung, and you shall prepare your bread thereon. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Nahum 3:6 And I will cast abominable filth upon thee, and make thee vile, and will set thee as a gazing-stock. (See JPS)
Zephaniah 1:17 I will bring distress on men, that they will walk like blind men, because they have sinned against Yahweh, and their blood will be poured out like dust, and their flesh like dung. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Malachi 2:3 Behold, I will rebuke your seed, and will spread dung on your faces, even the dung of your feasts; and you will be taken away with it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)