|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v. i.) To wander; to roam; to stray.
2. (v. i.) To deviate from the true course; to miss the thing aimed at.
3. (v. i.) To miss intellectual truth; to fall into error; to mistake in judgment or opinion; to be mistaken.
4. (v. i.) To deviate morally from the right way; to go astray, in a figurative sense; to do wrong; to sin.
5. (v. i.) To offend, as by erring.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
To err is in the Old Testament the translation of shaghah, and ta`ah, both of which mean literally,. "to wander," "to go astray." We have shaghah in 1 Samuel 26:21, "I have played the fool, and have erred"; Job 19:4, "Mine error remaineth with myself," i.e. "is my own concern," or, perhaps, "only injures myself"; Psalm 119:118 Isaiah 28:7 the King James Version (thrice); ta`ah, Psalm 95:10 Proverbs 14:22 Isaiah 35:8. It means also "to cause to err" (Isaiah 3:12; Isaiah 30:28, "a bridle that causeth to err"; Jeremiah 23:13, 12; "Their lies (i.e. the unreal deities, creatures of their own imagination) have caused them to err," Amos 2:4).
In the New Testament the word is generally planaomai, "to wander" (Mark 12:24, 27 Hebrews 3:10 James 5:19); astocheo, "to miss the mark," "to swerve," occurs twice (1 Timothy 6:21 2 Timothy 2:18).
Error in the Old Testament represents various words: sheghaghah, "mistake," "oversight" (Ecclesiastes 5:6; compare Proverbs 20:25 and see INQUIRE); meshughah, with the same meaning, "wandering" (Job 19:4; compare Psalm 19:12); shal, "rashness," "mistake" (2 Samuel 6:7, "God smote him there for his error," the Revised Version, margin "rashness"); shalu, Aramaic "mistake" (Daniel 6:4); to`ah, "injury" (Isaiah 32:6).
In the New Testament we have plane, "wandering" (Romans 1:27 James 5:20 1 John 4:6 Jude 1:11, "the error of Balaam"); agnoema, "ignorance" (Hebrews 9:7, margin, Greek "ignorances"). For "is deceived" (Proverbs 20:1) the Revised Version (British and American) has "erreth," margin "or reeleth"; for "them that are out of the way" (Hebrews 5:2), "the ignorant and erring"; for "deceit" (1 Thessalonians 2:3), "error."
The English word "error" has the same original meaning as the Hebrew and Greek main words, being derived from erro, "to wander." "To err is human," but there are errors of the heart as well as of the head. The familiar phrase just quoted seems to have its equivalent in the marginal rendering of Genesis 6:3, "in their going astray they are flesh." Errors through ignorance are in the Bible distinguished from errors of the heart and willful errors (Leviticus 5:18 Numbers 15:22 Ezekiel 45:20).
W. L. Walker
Err (41 Occurrences)
Matthew 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NIV)
Mark 12:24 And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God? (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NIV)
Mark 12:27 He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS)
1 Corinthians 6:9 Do ye not know that unrighteous persons shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not err: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor those who make women of themselves, nor who abuse themselves with men, (DBY)
Hebrews 3:10 Therefore I was displeased with that generation, and said,'They always err in their heart, but they didn't know my ways;' (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS)
James 1:16 Do not err, my beloved brethren. (KJV DBY WBS)
James 5:19 Brethren, if any of you do err from the truth, and one convert him; (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS)
Leviticus 4:13 And if the whole congregation of Israel err, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done any of the things which Jehovah hath commanded not to be done, and are guilty; (ASV JPS YLT NAS)
Numbers 15:22 "'When you shall err, and not observe all these commandments, which Yahweh has spoken to Moses, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT RSV)
Deuteronomy 27:18 Cursed 'is' he who is causing the blind to err in the way, -- and all the people have said, Amen. (YLT)
Judges 20:16 Who were left-handed, able to send a stone at a hair without error. (Root in BBE YLT)
1 Samuel 26:21 Then said Saul, "I have sinned. Return, my son David; for I will no more do you harm, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 21:9 And they have not hearkened, and Manasseh causeth them to err, to do the evil thing above the nations that Jehovah destroyed from the presence of the sons of Israel. (YLT)
2 Chronicles 33:9 So Manasseh made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to err, and to do worse than the heathen, whom the LORD had destroyed before the children of Israel. (KJV JPS WBS YLT)
Psalms 58:3 The wicked go astray from the womb; they err as soon as they are born, speaking lies. (DBY YLT RSV)
Psalms 95:10 Forty long years I was grieved with that generation, and said, "It is a people that errs in their heart. They have not known my ways." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 119:10 With my whole heart have I sought thee: Oh let me not wander from thy commandments. (See JPS YLT)
Psalms 119:21 Thou hast rebuked the proud that are cursed, which do err from thy commandments. (KJV JPS WBS YLT)
Psalms 119:67 Before I was afflicted I went astray; But now I observe thy word. (See JPS YLT)
Psalms 119:118 Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their deceit is falsehood. (KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Proverbs 12:26 The righteous is a guide to his neighbor; But the way of the wicked causeth them to err. (ASV BBE YLT)
Proverbs 14:22 Do they not err that devise evil? but mercy and truth shall be to them that devise good. (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Proverbs 16:10 An oracle is on the lips of the king: his mouth will not err in judgment. (DBY NAS)
Proverbs 19:27 Cease, my son, to hear the instruction that causeth to err from the words of knowledge. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Proverbs 28:10 Whoso is causing the upright to err in an evil way, Into his own pit he doth fall, And the perfect do inherit good. (YLT)
Isaiah 3:12 As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. My people, those who lead you cause you to err, and destroy the way of your paths. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Isaiah 9:16 For the leaders of this people cause them to err; and they that are led of them are destroyed. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Isaiah 19:13 The princes of Zoan are become foolish, the princes of Noph are deceived; and the corner-stones of its tribes have caused Egypt to err. (DBY YLT)
Isaiah 19:14 The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit. (KJV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Isaiah 28:7 They also reel with wine, and stagger with strong drink. The priest and the prophet reel with strong drink. They are swallowed up by wine. They stagger with strong drink. They err in vision. They stumble in judgment. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Isaiah 29:24 They also who err in spirit will come to understanding, and those who grumble will receive instruction." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 30:28 And his breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Isaiah 35:8 And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Isaiah 63:17 O Yahweh, why do you make us to err from your ways, and harden our heart from your fear? Return for your servants' sake, the tribes of your inheritance. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Jeremiah 23:13 I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied by Baal, and caused my people Israel to err. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Jeremiah 23:32 Behold, I am against those who prophesy lying dreams, says Yahweh, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their vain boasting: yet I didn't send them, nor commanded them; neither do they profit this people at all, says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Jeremiah 50:6 A perishing flock hath My people been, Their shepherds have caused them to err, 'To' the mountains causing them to go back, From mountain unto hill they have gone, They have forgotten their crouching-place. (YLT)
Ezekiel 13:10 Because, even because they have been guiding my people into error, saying, Peace; when there is no peace; and in the building of a division wall they put whitewash on it: (Root in BBE YLT)
Hosea 4:12 My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused them to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Amos 2:4 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away the punishment thereof; because they have despised the law of the LORD, and have not kept his commandments, and their lies caused them to err, after the which their fathers have walked: (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Micah 3:5 Thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace; and he that putteth not into their mouths, they even prepare war against him. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)