|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at the top of which materials were cast in (Dan. 3:22, 23; Comp. Jeremiah 29:22). This furnace would be in constant requisition, for the Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also the Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia.
(2.) Hebrews kibshan, a smelting furnace (Genesis 19:28), also a lime-kiln (Isaiah 33:12; Amos 2:1).
(3.) Hebrews kur, a refining furnace (Proverbs 17:3; 27:21; Ezek. 22:18).
(4.) Hebrews alil, a crucible; only used in Psalm 12:6.
(5.) Hebrews tannur, oven for baking bread (Genesis 15:17; Isaiah 31:9; Nehemiah 3:11). It was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When it was heated by a fire made within, the dough was spread over the heated surface, and thus was baked. "A smoking furnace and a burning lamp" (Genesis 15:17), the symbol of the presence of the Almighty, passed between the divided pieces of Abraham's sacrifice in ratification of the covenant God made with him. (see OVEN.)
(6.) Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven (Matthew 13:42, 50; Revelation 1:15; 9:2).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) An enclosed place in which heat is produced by the combustion of fuel, as for reducing ores or melting metals, for warming a house, for baking pottery, etc.; as, an iron furnace; a hot-air furnace; a glass furnace; a boiler furnace, etc.
2. (n.) A place or time of punishment, affliction, or great trial; severe experience or discipline.
3. (n.) To throw out, or exhale, as from a furnace; also, to put into a furnace.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
fur'-nas: The word is used in the Old Testament English Versions of the Bible to translate several Hebrew words:
Kibhshan, in Genesis 19:28, where the smoke of the destruction of the cities of the plain is said to have ascended "as the smoke of a furnace"; in Exodus 9:8, where Yahweh commands to take "handfuls of ashes of the furnace and. sprinkle it toward heaven," etc.
Kur, in Deuteronomy 4:20, where Yahweh is represented, when speaking of taking the children of Israel out of Egypt, as taking them "out of the iron furnace."
`Alil in Psalm 12:6, where "the words of Yahweh" are said to be "pure," "as silver tried in a furnace"; compare Proverbs 17:3, "furnace for gold."
`Attun, in Daniel 3:6, where mention is made of "a burning fiery furnace" into which Daniel and his companions were cast. There is good reason to believe that these words all stand for either a brick-kiln or a smelting furnace.
In the New Testament a notable figurative use is made of the word in the phrase "the furnace of fire," he kaminos tou puros. It is found in the parable of the Tares (Matthew 13:42) as part of the remarkable imagery of that parable; while in the companion parable of the Drag-Net (Matthew 13:50) it stands as a symbol of the final destiny of the impenitent, a synonym of "hell"; compare Jeremiah 29:22 Daniel 3:6, 22 Revelation 20:14-15, etc., and "eternal fire" (Matthew 25:41), "unquenchable fire" (Matthew 3:12), "the Gehenna of fire" (Matthew 5:22 margin; Matthew 18:9 parallel Mark 9:43 margin, etc.). A fact which modern travelers speak of, that furnaces for punishment have been found in Persia as elsewhere in the East, sheds some light upon this use of the expression "the furnace of fire."
George B. Eager
Furnace (35 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:30 And if the herb of the field, that to-day is, and to-morrow is cast to the furnace, God doth so clothe -- not much more you, O ye of little faith? (YLT NAS)
Matthew 13:42 and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be weeping and the gnashing of teeth. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 13:50 and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth." (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 12:28 But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O you of little faith? (See NAS)
Revelation 1:15 His feet were like burnished brass, as if it had been refined in a furnace. His voice was like the voice of many waters. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 9:2 He opened the pit of the abyss, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke from a burning furnace. The sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke from the pit. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 15:17 It came to pass that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold, a smoking furnace, and a flaming torch passed between these pieces. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 19:28 He looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and looked, and saw that the smoke of the land went up as the smoke of a furnace. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:8 Yahweh said to Moses and to Aaron, "Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the sky in the sight of Pharaoh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
Exodus 9:10 They took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward the sky; and it became a boil breaking forth with boils on man and on animal. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
Exodus 19:18 Mount Sinai, all it, smoked, because Yahweh descended on it in fire; and its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Deuteronomy 4:20 But Yahweh has taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be to him a people of inheritance, as at this day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 8:51 (for they are your people, and your inheritance, which you brought forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron); (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 12:6 The words of Yahweh are flawless words, as silver refined in a clay furnace, purified seven times. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 21:9 You will make them as a fiery furnace in the time of your anger. Yahweh will swallow them up in his wrath. The fire shall devour them. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NIV)
Psalms 102:3 For my days consume away like smoke. My bones are burned as a firebrand. (See RSV)
Proverbs 17:3 The refining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold, but Yahweh tests the hearts. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 27:21 The crucible is for silver, and the furnace for gold; but man is refined by his praise. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 31:9 His rock will pass away by reason of terror, and his princes will be afraid of the banner," says Yahweh, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 48:10 Behold, I have refined you, but not as silver; I have chosen you in the furnace of affliction. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 11:4 which I commanded your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the iron furnace, saying, Obey my voice, and do them, according to all which I command you: so you shall be my people, and I will be your God; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 22:18 Son of man, the house of Israel is become dross to me: all of them are brass and tin and iron and lead, in the midst of the furnace; they are the dross of silver. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 22:20 As they gather silver and brass and iron and lead and tin into the midst of the furnace, to blow the fire on it, to melt it; so will I gather you in my anger and in my wrath, and I will lay you there, and melt you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 22:22 As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so you will be melted in its midst; and you will know that I, Yahweh, have poured out my wrath on you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:6 and whoever doesn't fall down and worship shall the same hour be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:11 and whoever doesn't fall down and worship shall be cast into the midst of a burning fiery furnace. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:15 Now if you are ready whenever you hear the sound of the horn, flute, zither, lyre, harp, pipe, and all kinds of music to fall down and worship the image which I have made, well : but if you don't worship, you shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and who is that god that shall deliver you out of my hands? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:17 If it be so, our God whom we serve is able to deliver us from the burning fiery furnace; and he will deliver us out of your hand, O king. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:19 Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego: therefore he spoke, and commanded that they should heat the furnace seven times more than it was usually heated. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:20 He commanded certain mighty men who were in his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, and to cast them into the burning fiery furnace. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:21 Then these men were bound in their pants, their tunics, and their mantles, and their other garments, and were cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:22 Therefore because the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the fire killed those men who took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:23 These three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 3:26 Then Nebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace: he spoke and said, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, you servants of the Most High God, come forth, and come here. Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego came forth out of the midst of the fire. Obadiah (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Malachi 4:1 "For, behold, the day comes, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all who work wickedness, will be stubble; and the day that comes will burn them up," says Yahweh of Armies, "that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS NIV)