|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews hatsir, ripe grass fit for mowing (1 Kings 18:5; Job 40:15; Psalm 104:14). As the herbage rapidly fades under the scorching sun, it is used as an image of the brevity of human life (Isaiah 40:6, 7; Psalm 90:5). In Numbers 11:5 this word is rendered "leeks."
(2.) Hebrews deshe', green grass (Genesis 1:11, 12; Isaiah 66:14; Deuteronomy 32:2). "The sickly and forced blades of grass which spring up on the flat plastered roofs of houses in the East are used as an emblem of speedy destruction, because they are small and weak, and because, under the scorching rays of the sun, they soon wither away" (2 Kings 19:26; Psalm 129:6; Isaiah 37:27).
The dry stalks of grass were often used as fuel for the oven (Matthew 6:30; 13:30; Luke 12:28).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food of cattle and other beasts; pasture.
2. (n.) An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in pairs, and the seed single.
3. (n.) The season of fresh grass; spring.
4. (n.) Metaphorically used for what is transitory.
5. (v. t.) To cover with grass or with turf.
6. (v. t.) To expose, as flax, on the grass for bleaching, etc.
7. (v. t.) To bring to the grass or ground; to land; as, to grass a fish.
8. (v. i.) To produce grass.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) chatsir, from a root meaning "greenness"; compare Arabic Khudra, which includes grasses and green vegetables (1 Kings 18:5 2 Kings 19:26 Job 40:15 Psalm 104:14, etc.). Isaiah 15:6 is translated in the King James Version "have," the Revised Version (British and American) "grass"; Proverbs 27:25, English Versions of the Bible "hay," margin "Hebrew grass"; Numbers 11:5 English Versions of the Bible translates "leeks." It is a term for herbage in general.
(2) deshe', from root meaning "to sprout abundantly." Generally translated "tender grass" (Genesis 1:11 2 Samuel 23:4 Job 6:5 Isaiah 15:6; Isaiah 66:14 Jeremiah 14:5, etc.); translated "grass" (Job 6:5 Jeremiah 14:5); translated "herb" (2 Kings 19:26 Psalm 27:2 Isaiah 37:27; Isaiah 66:14). In Jeremiah 50:11 we have "heifer at grass" (deshe') in the King James Version and the Revised Version, margin, but in the Revised Version (British and American) "heifer that treadeth out the grain." (dethe'), the Aramaic form, occurs in Daniel 4:15, 23, and is translated "tender grass."
(3) chashash, probably "dry" or "cut grass"; compare Arabic chashesh, "dry fodder" or "cut grass" (Isaiah 5:24, the King James Version "chaff," the Revised Version (British and American) "dry grass"; Isaiah 33:11, English Versions of the Bible "chaff").
(4) leqesh, from root meaning "to come late," hence used in Amos 7:1 for the "latter growth" of grass after mowing.
(5) yereq, literally, "green thing" (Numbers 22:4, elsewhere translated "herb").
(6) `esebh (Deuteronomy 11:15, etc.), generally translated "herb" (for (5) and (6) see HERB).
(7) chortos (Matthew 6:30; Matthew 14:19 Mark 6:39 Luke 12:28 John 6:10 James 1:10, 11 1 Peter 1:24 Revelation 8:7; Revelation 9:4); translated "blade" (Matthew 13:26 Mark 4:28); translated "hay" (1 Corinthians 3:12).
There are 243 species of true grasses (Natural Order, Gramineae) in Palestine, but Hebrew, like modern Arabic, does not discriminate between these and other herbs which together make up herbage. Actual turf is practically unknown in Palestine, and grass seed is not artificially sown; young green barley is used in the neighborhood of towns as fresh fodder for horses and cattle. It is not the native custom to cut herbage for hay, though the writer has seen many carloads of sweet-smelling hay being carried from the land by Circassian settlers, East of the Jordan.
The "grass upon the house tops" (Psalm 129:6 Isaiah 37:27), the growth which springs from the seeds mingled with the mud of which the roof is made, springs up quickly with the rains, but as quickly dries up before it reaches half its normal height-or not infrequently is set on fire.
Dew, rain or showers upon the grass are mentioned (Deuteronomy 32:6 Proverbs 19:12 Micah 5:7 Psalm 72:6, "rain upon the mown grass," i.e. the grass eaten short by cattle).
E. W. G. Masterman
MOWING; MOWN GRASS
mo'-ing, (gez, "a shearing," "cut grass"): In Psalm 72:6 the good king's rule is said to be "like rain upon the mown grass," to start the new growth (compare 2 Samuel 23:4 Hosea 6:3). "The king's mowings" (Amos 7:1) were the portion of the spring herbage taken as tribute by the kings of Israel to feed their horses (compare 1 Samuel 8:15;; 18:5). "After the king's mowings" would denote the time when everybody else might turn to reap their greenstuffs (BTP, II, 109). The term "mower" (qatsar, "to dock off," "shorten") in Psalm 129:7 the King James Version is rendered "reaper" in the Revised Version (British and American), and in James 5:4 the Revised Version (British and American) has "mow" for amao (the King James Version "reap").
See HARVEST; REAPING.
M. O. Evans
Grass (92 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:30 But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is thrown into the oven, won't he much more clothe you, you of little faith? (WEB KJV ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 14:19 He commanded the multitudes to sit down on the grass; and he took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, broke and gave the loaves to the disciples, and the disciples gave to the multitudes. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 6:39 He commanded them that everyone should sit down in groups on the green grass. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 12:28 But if this is how God clothes the grass in the field, which today exists, and tomorrow is cast into the oven, how much more will he clothe you, O you of little faith? (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
John 6:10 Jesus said, "Have the people sit down." Now there was much grass in that place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 3:12 But on the base a man may put gold, silver, stones of great price, wood, dry grass, cut stems; (BBE DBY)
James 1:10 and the rich, in that he is made humble, because like the flower in the grass, he will pass away. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
James 1:11 For the sun arises with the scorching wind, and withers the grass, and the flower in it falls, and the beauty of its appearance perishes. So also will the rich man fade away in his pursuits. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
James 5:4 See, the money which you falsely kept back from the workers cutting the grass in your field, is crying out against you; and the cries of those who took in your grain have come to the ears of the Lord of armies. (BBE)
1 Peter 1:24 For, "All flesh is like grass, and all of man's glory like the flower in the grass. The grass withers, and its flower falls; (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 8:7 The first sounded, and there followed hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. One third of the earth was burnt up, and one third of the trees were burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 9:4 They were told that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree, but only those people who don't have God's seal on their foreheads. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 1:11 God said, "Let the earth put forth grass, herbs yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with its seed in it, on the earth;" and it was so. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 1:12 The earth brought forth grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with its seed in it, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 2:5 In the day when the Lord God made earth and heaven there were no plants of the field on the earth, and no grass had come up: for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to do work on the land. (BBE)
Genesis 24:25 And she said, We have a great store of dry grass and cattle-food, and there is room for you. (BBE)
Genesis 24:32 Then the man came into the house, and Laban took their cords off the camels and gave them dry grass and food, and he gave to him and the men who were with him water for washing their feet. (BBE)
Genesis 41:2 Behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, sleek and fat, and they fed in the marsh grass. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV)
Genesis 41:18 and behold, there came up out of the river seven cattle, fat and sleek. They fed in the marsh grass, (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV)
Genesis 47:4 And they said to Pharaoh, We have come to make a living in this land, because we have no grass for our flocks in the land of Canaan; so now let your servants make a place for themselves in the land of Goshen. (BBE)
Exodus 5:12 So the people were sent in all directions through the land of Egypt to get dry grass for stems. (BBE)
Exodus 15:7 When you are lifted up in power, all those who come against you are crushed: when you send out your wrath, they are burned up like dry grass. (BBE)
Numbers 22:4 Moab said to the elders of Midian, "Now this multitude will lick up all that is around us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field." Balak the son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 11:15 I will give grass in your fields for your livestock, and you shall eat and be full. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 29:23 And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath: (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain. My speech shall condense as the dew, as the small rain on the tender grass, as the showers on the herb. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 19:19 But we have dry grass and food for our asses, as well as bread and wine for me, and for the woman, and for the young man with us: we have no need of anything. (BBE)
2 Samuel 23:4 shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, when the tender grass springs out of the earth, through clear shining after rain.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 4:28 And they took grain and dry grass for the horses and the carriage-horses, to the right place, every man as he was ordered. (BBE)
1 Kings 18:5 Ahab said to Obadiah, "Go through the land, to all the springs of water, and to all the brooks. Perhaps we may find grass and save the horses and mules alive, that we not lose all the animals." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 19:26 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power. They were dismayed and confounded. They were like the grass of the field, and like the green herb, like the grass on the housetops, and like grain blasted before it has grown up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:41 And these whose names are given came in the days of Hezekiah, king of Judah, and made an attack on the Meunim who were living there, and put an end to them to this day, and took their place, because there was grass there for their flocks. (BBE)
Job 5:25 You shall know also that your seed shall be great, Your offspring as the grass of the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 6:5 Does the wild donkey bray when he has grass? Or does the ox low over his fodder? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 8:11 Will the river-plant come up in its pride without wet earth? will the grass get tall without water? (BBE DBY JPS)
Job 8:12 Whilst it is yet in its greenness and not cut down, it withereth before any other grass. (DBY NIV)
Job 21:18 How frequently are they as dry stems before the wind, or as grass taken away by the storm-wind? (BBE)
Job 22:8 But as for the mighty man, he had the earth. The honorable man, he lived in it. it is not sown, nor bears, nor any grass grows therein, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which Yahweh overthrew in his anger, and in his wrath: (WEB)
Job 38:27 to satisfy the waste and desolate ground, to cause the tender grass to spring forth? (WEB ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 40:15 "See now, behemoth, which I made as well as you. He eats grass as an ox. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 41:27 Iron is to him as dry grass, and brass as soft wood. (BBE)
Job 41:29 A thick stick is no better than a leaf of grass, and he makes sport of the onrush of the spear. (BBE)
Psalms 23:2 In pastures of tender grass He causeth me to lie down, By quiet waters He doth lead me. (YLT)
Psalms 37:2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither like the green herb. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 58:7 Let them be turned to liquid like the ever-flowing waters; let them be cut off like the grass by the way. (BBE RSV)
Psalms 65:12 The wilderness grasslands overflow. The hills are clothed with gladness. (Root in WEB BBE NIV)
Psalms 72:6 He will come down like rain on the mown grass, as showers that water the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 72:16 There shall be abundance of grain throughout the land. Its fruit sways like Lebanon. Let it flourish, thriving like the grass of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS RSV NIV)
Psalms 90:5 You sweep them away as they sleep. In the morning they sprout like new grass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 92:7 though the wicked spring up as the grass, and all the evildoers flourish, they will be destroyed forever. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 102:4 My heart is blighted like grass, and withered, for I forget to eat my bread. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 102:11 My days are like a long shadow. I have withered like grass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 103:15 As for man, his days are like grass. As a flower of the field, so he flourishes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 104:14 He causes the grass to grow for the livestock, and plants for man to cultivate, that he may bring forth food out of the earth: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 106:20 Thus they exchanged their glory for an image of a bull that eats grass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 129:6 Let them be as the grass on the housetops, which withers before it grows up; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 147:8 who covers the sky with clouds, who prepares rain for the earth, who makes grass grow on the mountains. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath is like the roaring of a lion, but his favor is like dew on the grass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 27:25 The hay is removed, and the new growth appears, the grasses of the hills are gathered in. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the tongue of fire devours the stubble, and as the dry grass sinks down in the flame, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust; because they have rejected the law of Yahweh of Armies, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. (WEB ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 11:6 And the wolf will be living with the lamb, and the leopard will take his rest with the young goat; and the lion will take grass for food like the ox; and the young lion will go with the young ones of the herd; and a little child will be their guide. (BBE)
Isaiah 15:6 For the waters of Nimrim will be desolate; for the grass has withered away, the tender grass fails, there is no green thing. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 33:11 Ye shall conceive dry grass, ye shall bring forth stubble: your breath shall devour you as fire. (DBY)
Isaiah 35:7 The burning sand will become a pool, and the thirsty ground springs of water. Grass with reeds and rushes will be in the habitation of jackals, where they lay. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 37:27 Therefore their inhabitants had little power. They were dismayed and confounded. They were like the grass of the field, and like the green herb, like the grass on the housetops, and like a field before its crop has grown. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 40:6 The voice of one saying, "Cry!" One said, "What shall I cry?" "All flesh is like grass, and all its glory is like the flower of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 40:7 The grass withers, the flower fades, because Yahweh's breath blows on it. Surely the people are like grass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 40:8 The grass withers, the flower fades; but the word of our God stands forever." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 44:4 and they will spring up among the grass, as willows by the watercourses. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 51:12 "I, even I, am he who comforts you: who are you, that you are afraid of man who shall die, and of the son of man who shall be made as grass; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb will take their food together, and the lion will make a meal of grass like the ox: but dust will be the snake's food. There will be no cause of pain or destruction in all my holy mountain, says the Lord. (BBE)
Isaiah 66:14 You will see it, and your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like the tender grass: and the hand of Yahweh shall be known toward his servants; and he will have indignation against his enemies. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 12:4 How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of the whole country wither? for the wickedness of those who dwell therein, the animals are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our latter end. (See RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 13:24 So I will send them in all directions, as dry grass is taken away by the wind of the waste land. (BBE)
Jeremiah 14:5 Yes, the hind also in the field calves, and forsakes her young, because there is no grass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 14:6 And the wild asses did stand in the high places, they snuffed up the wind like dragons; their eyes did fail, because there was no grass. (KJV BBE WBS)
Jeremiah 50:11 Because ye were glad, because ye rejoiced, O ye destroyers of mine heritage, because ye are grown fat as the heifer at grass, and bellow as bulls; (KJV JPS BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Ezekiel 34:19 And as for my sheep, their food is the grass which has been stamped on by your feet, and their drink the water which has been made dirty by your feet. (BBE)
Daniel 4:15 Nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of the sky: and let his portion be with the animals in the grass of the earth: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 4:23 Whereas the king saw a watcher and a holy one coming down from the sky, and saying, Cut down the tree, and destroy it; nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field, and let it be wet with the dew of the sky: and let his portion be with the animals of the field, until seven times pass over him; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 4:25 that you shall be driven from men, and your dwelling shall be with the animals of the field, and you shall be made to eat grass as oxen, and shall be wet with the dew of the sky, and seven times shall pass over you; until you know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever he will. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 4:32 and you shall be driven from men; and your dwelling shall be with the animals of the field; you shall be made to eat grass as oxen; and seven times shall pass over you; until you know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever he will. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 4:33 The same hour was the thing fulfilled on Nebuchadnezzar: and he was driven from men, and ate grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of the sky, until his hair was grown like eagles' feathers, and his nails like birds' claws. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 5:21 and he was driven from the sons of men, and his heart was made like the animals', and his dwelling was with the wild donkeys; he was fed with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of the sky; until he knew that the Most High God rules in the kingdom of men, and that he sets up over it whomever he will. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 1:18 What sounds of pain come from the beasts! the herds of cattle are at a loss because there is no grass for them; even the flocks of sheep are no longer to be seen. (BBE)
Amos 7:1 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me; and, behold, he formed grasshoppers in the beginning of the shooting up of the latter growth; and, lo, it was the latter growth after the king's mowings. (Root in KJV BBE WBS)
Amos 7:2 It happened that, when they made an end of eating the grass of the land, then I said, "Lord Yahweh, forgive, I beg you! How could Jacob stand? For he is small." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV)
Obadiah 1:18 And the children of Jacob will be a fire and those of Joseph a flame, and the children of Esau dry stems of grass, burned up by them till all is gone: and there will be no people living in Esau; for the Lord has said it. (BBE)
Micah 5:7 The remnant of Jacob will be in the midst of many peoples, like dew from Yahweh, like showers on the grass, that don't wait for man, nor wait for the sons of men. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Nahum 1:10 For though they are like twisted thorns, and are overcome as with drink, they will come to destruction like stems of grass fully dry. (BBE)
Zechariah 10:1 Ask ye of the LORD rain in the time of the latter rain; so the LORD shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS)
Malachi 4:1 For see, the day is coming, it is burning like an oven; all the men of pride and all who do evil will be dry stems of grass: and in the day which is coming they will be burned up, says the Lord of armies, till they have not a root or a branch. (BBE)