|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v. i.) To give forth a low, moaning sound in breathing; to utter a groan, as in pain, in sorrow, or in derision; to moan.
2. (v. i.) To strive after earnestly, as with groans.
3. (v. t.) To affect by groans.
4. (n.) A low, moaning sound; usually, a deep, mournful sound uttered in pain or great distress; sometimes, an expression of strong disapprobation; as, the remark was received with groans.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
gron (na'aq, 'anaq; stenazo, embrimaomai): The English word, noun and verb, is an attempt to imitate the vocal sound which is expressive of severe pain or distress, physical or mental. It is cognate with the Scottish dialect word girn, and with grin in its original obsolete sense, as used in the Anglican Prayer-book version of Psalm 59:6, 14, "grin like a dog and go about the city"; here "grin" is a translation of hamah, and means the sound of the nightly howling of the pariah dogs in Jerusalem and other oriental cities. It is used in the Old Testament:
(1) To denote the expression accompanying physical suffering, as in the case of the Israelites in Egypt oppressed by Pharaoh's taskmasters (Exodus 2:24; Exodus 6:5), or in Palestine under the yoke of the Canaanites (Judges 2:18, neqaqah). It is also used in Job's description of the sufferings and wretchedness of the poor (Job 24:12) as well as in his complaint concerning his own suffering when smitten by the hand of God (Job 23:2). The Psalmist speaks of groaning when fever-stricken and remorseful, the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "roaring all the day long" (Psalm 32:3; Psalm 38:9; Psalm 102:5; 22:1).
(2) The expression of suffering on the part of beasts, hungry and thirsty in drought (Joel 1:18).
(3) The manifestation of mental and spiritual distress as in Psalm 6:6; Psalm 102:20 (the Revised Version (British and American) "sighing").
(4) Metaphorically groaning is the despairing note of Egypt in the prophecy of her overthrow by Babylon, the sound being that uttered by a deadly wounded man (Ezekiel 30:24; similarly in the prophecy of the Persian conquest the misery of Babylon is thus represented by Jeremiah 51:52); and the misery of Tyre when taken by Babylon is similarly described (Ezekiel 26:15, the King James Version "cry").
The word for "sigh" ('anachah) is closely allied, and the meanings are sufficiently akin, so that the terms seem interchangeable. A sigh is physically a sign of respiratory distress due to depressed action of the heart; sighing is consequently the indication of physical weakness or mental disquietude, as Psalm 12:5; Psalm 31:10; Psalm 79:11 Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah 24:7; Isaiah 35:10 Jeremiah 45:3.
Na'aq is the crying of persons dying or starving, as in Ezekiel 30:24 Job 24:12. A somewhat similar word, haghah, means the complaining sound like that of the cooing of doves (Isaiah 59:11 Nahum 2:7). Nehi is the sound of lamentation of the dead (Jeremiah 9:10; Jeremiah 31:15 Amos 5:16).
In the New Testament "groaning" is used for the expression of mental distress. In John 11:33, 15 the word used is part of the verb embrimaomai, which conveys the idea of deep and earnest emotion. The same word in two other passages is translated "strictly charged," and indicates the emphasis of the charge (Matthew 9:30 Mark 1:43). Elsewhere "sighing" and "groaning" are renderings of words derived from the verb stenazo, as in Romans 8:23 2 Corinthians 5:2, 4; Mark 7:34; Mark 8:12. Stephen calls the groaning of Israel in Egypt stenagmos (Acts 7:34), and the united wail of the travailing creation is expressed by Paul by the word sunstenazei (Romans 8:22). The sigh is a characteristic sign of woe in Isaiah 21:2; 24:07:00; Jeremiah 45:3; Lamentations 14, 8, 11, 12; Ezekiel 9:4; 21:6.
Groan (32 Occurrences)
John 11:33 When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews weeping who came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled, (Root in WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Acts 7:34 I have surely seen the affliction of my people that is in Egypt, and have heard their groaning. I have come down to deliver them. Now come, I will send you into Egypt.' (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:23 Not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for adoption, the redemption of our body. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 5:2 For most certainly in this we groan, longing to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven; (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 5:4 For indeed we who are in this tent do groan, being burdened; not that we desire to be unclothed, but that we desire to be clothed, that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Job 24:12 From out of the populous city, men groan. The soul of the wounded cries out, yet God doesn't regard the folly. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 30:7 Among shrubs they do groan, Under nettles they are gathered together. (YLT)
Psalms 12:5 "Because of the oppression of the weak and because of the groaning of the needy, I will now arise," says Yahweh; "I will set him in safety from those who malign him." (Root in WEB YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 38:8 I am faint and severely bruised. I have groaned by reason of the anguish of my heart. (Root in WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 77:3 I remember God, and I groan. I complain, and my spirit is overwhelmed. Selah. (WEB NIV)
Psalms 102:20 to hear the groans of the prisoner; to free those who are condemned to death; (Root in WEB KJV JPS DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 5:11 You will groan at your latter end, when your flesh and your body are consumed, (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; but when the wicked rule, the people groan. (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 19:8 The fishermen will be sad, and all those who put fishing-lines into the Nile will be full of grief, and those whose nets are stretched out on the waters will have sorrow in their hearts. (See NIV)
Isaiah 24:7 The new wine is thin, the vine is feeble, and all the glad-hearted make sounds of grief. (See NIV)
Isaiah 42:14 I have long been quiet, I have kept myself in and done nothing: now I will make sounds of pain like a woman in childbirth, breathing hard and quickly. (See NAS)
Jeremiah 4:31 A voice has come to my ears like the voice of a woman in birth-pains, the pain of one giving birth to her first child, the voice of the daughter of Zion, fighting for breath, stretching out her hands, saying, Now sorrow is mine! for my strength is gone from me before the takers of life. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 22:23 Inhabitant of Lebanon, who makes your nest in the cedars, how greatly to be pitied you will be when pangs come on you, the pain as of a woman in travail! (See NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 51:52 Therefore, behold, the days come, says Yahweh, that I will execute judgment on her engraved images; and through all her land the wounded shall groan. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Lamentations 1:4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn assembly; all her gates are desolate, her priests do sigh: her virgins are afflicted, and she herself is in bitterness. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Lamentations 1:11 All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for food to refresh the soul: look, Yahweh, and see; for I am become abject. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Lamentations 1:21 They have heard that I sigh; there is none to comfort me; All my enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that you have done it: You will bring the day that you have proclaimed, and they shall be like me. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 9:4 And He calleth unto the man who is clothed with linen, who hath the scribe's inkhorn at his loins, and Jehovah saith unto him, 'Pass on into the midst of the city, into the midst of Jerusalem, and thou hast made a mark on the foreheads of the men who are sighing and who are groaning for all the abominations that are done in its midst.' (Root in YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 21:6 Sigh therefore, you son of man; with the breaking of your thighs and with bitterness you will sigh before their eyes. (See NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 21:7 It shall be, when they tell you, Why do you sigh? that you shall say, Because of the news, for it comes; and every heart shall melt, and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall be weak as water: behold, it comes, and it shall be done, says the Lord Yahweh. (See NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 24:17 Cease to groan, 'for' the dead thou dost make no mourning, thy bonnet bind on thee, and thy shoes thou dost put on thy feet, and thou dost not cover over the upper lip, and bread of men thou dost not eat.' (YLT NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 24:23 Your tires shall be on your heads, and your shoes on your feet: you shall not mourn nor weep; but you shall pine away in your iniquities, and moan one toward another. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 26:15 Thus says the Lord Yahweh to Tyre: shall not the islands shake at the sound of your fall, when the wounded groan, when the slaughter is made in the midst of you? (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 30:24 I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break the arms of Pharaoh, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 1:18 How the animals groan! The herds of livestock are perplexed, because they have no pasture. Yes, the flocks of sheep are made desolate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Micah 4:10 Be in pain, and labor to bring forth, daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail; for now you will go forth out of the city, and will dwell in the field, and will come even to Babylon. There you will be rescued. There Yahweh will redeem you from the hand of your enemies. (See RSV)