|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews tabbah (properly a "cook, " and in a secondary sense "executioner, " because this office fell to the lot of the cook in Eastern countries), the bodyguard of the kings of Egypt (Genesis 37:36) and Babylon (2 Kings 25:8; Jeremiah 40:1; Dan. 2:14).
(2.) Hebrews rats, properly a "courier," one whose office was to run before the king's chariot (2 Samuel 15:1; 1 Kings 1:5). The couriers were also military guards (1 Samuel 22:17; 2 Kings 10:25). They were probably the same who under David were called Pelethites (1 Kings 14:27; 2 Samuel 15:1).
(3.) Hebrews mishmereth, one who watches (Nehemiah 4:22), or a watch-station (7:3; 12:9; Job 7:12).
In the New Testament (Mark 6:27) the Authorized Version renders the Greek spekulator by "executioner," earlier English versions by "hangman," the Revised Version by "soldier of his guard." The word properly means a "pikeman" or "halberdier," of whom the bodyguard of kings and princes was composed. In Matthew 27:65, 66; 28:11, the Authorized Version renders the Greek kustodia by "watch," and the Revised Version by "guard," the Roman guard, which consisted of four soldiers, who were relieved every three hours (Acts 12:4). The "captain of the guard" mentioned Acts 28:16 was the commander of the Praetorian troops, whose duty it was to receive and take charge of all prisoners from the provinces.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) To protect from danger; to secure against surprise, attack, or injury; to keep in safety; to defend; to shelter; to shield from surprise or attack; to protect by attendance; to accompany for protection; to care for.
2. (n.) To keep watch over, in order to prevent escape or restrain from acts of violence, or the like.
3. (n.) To protect the edge of, esp. with an ornamental border; hence, to face or ornament with lists, laces, etc.
4. (n.) To fasten by binding; to gird.
5. (v. i.) To watch by way of caution or defense; to be caution; to be in a state or position of defense or safety; as, careful persons guard against mistakes.
6. (n.) One who, or that which, guards from injury, danger, exposure, or attack; defense; protection.
7. (n.) A man, or body of men, stationed to protect or control a person or position; a watch; a sentinel.
8. (n.) One who has charge of a mail coach or a railway train; a conductor.
9. (v. t.) Any fixture or attachment designed to protect or secure against injury, soiling, or defacement, theft or loss
10. (v. t.) That part of a sword hilt which protects the hand.
11. (v. t.) Ornamental lace or hem protecting the edge of a garment.
12. (n.) A chain or cord for fastening a watch to one's person or dress.
13. (n.) A fence or rail to prevent falling from the deck of a vessel.
14. (n.) An extension of the deck of a vessel beyond the hull; esp., in side-wheel steam vessels, the framework of strong timbers, which curves out on each side beyond the paddle wheel, and protects it and the shaft against collision.
15. (n.) A plate of metal, beneath the stock, or the lock frame, of a gun or pistol, having a loop, called a bow, to protect the trigger.
16. (n.) An interleaved strip at the back, as in a scrap book, to guard against its breaking when filled.
17. (n.) A posture of defense in fencing, and in bayonet and saber exercise.
18. (n.) An expression or admission intended to secure against objections or censure.
19. (v. t.) Watch; heed; care; attention; as, to keep guard.
20. (n.) The fibrous sheath which covers the phragmacone of the Belemnites.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) sar ha-Tabbachim, "captain of the guard," literally, "slaughterers" (Genesis 37:36; Genesis 39:1; Genesis 40:3, 1; 41:10, 12); rabh Tabbachim (2 Kings 25:8, 11, 20 Jeremiah 39:9, etc.); rabh tabbachayyah (Daniel 2:14); ratsim, "guard," the King James Version "footmen" (1 Samuel 22:17); sare ha-ratsim, "chief of the guard" the King James Version "captains of the guard" (1 Kings 14:27); ta' ha-ratsim, "guard-chamber" (1 Kings 14:28; compare Ezekiel 40:21, etc., where "lodges" are "guardrooms"; see A.B. Davidson at the place).
(2) mishmar, "guard," a defense to a point of danger (Nehemiah 4:22 Ezekiel 38:7).
(3) mishma`ath, "guard" (2 Samuel 23:23, where the American Revised Version, margin and the Revised Version, margin have "council," the body over which Benaiah was set by David and whose functions were perhaps those of consultation)
(4) spekoulator, "guard" (Mark 6:27, "a man of Herod's guard," where, as in one or two other cases, Mark, writing for Romans, simply transliterates the Latin speculator "a scout," "an executioner," as in loc.).
(5) stratopedarches, "captain of the guard" the King James Version, "captain of the praetorian guard" the Revised Version, margin, Acts 28:16. See CAPTAIN.
(6) (koustodia), "watch" the King James Version, "guard" the American Standard Revised Version and the Revised Version (British and American) (Matthew 27:65, 66; Matthew 28:11).
1. Royal Body-Guard:
An oriental monarch's body-guard consisted of picked men attached to his person and ready to fulfill his pleasure in important and confidential concerns. At the courts of Egypt and Babylon the members of the guard were known as "slaughterers," "executioners" (Genesis 37:36 King James Version margin, the American Revised Version, margin and the Revised Version, margin, where Potiphar is called their captain); 2 Kings 25:8, where Nebuzaradan is called their captain (King James Version margin "chief marshal"). Whether it had ever been the function of the body-guard to kill meat for the royal table there is little directly to show; that they acted as executioners can be well understood. In Israel they were known as "the footmen" (1 Samuel 22:17 the King James Version, the American Revised Version, margin and the Revised Version, margin "runners") who acted as royal messengers or couriers from the time of Saul onward (2 Kings 10:25; 2 Kings 11:6); and this designation connects them with the couriers of the kings of Persia (Esther 3:13, 15; Esther 8:14, where our versions render "posts," though the Hebrew is ratsim).
2. Composed of Foreigners:
The men of the royal body-guard were usually foreigners like the janissaries of oriental monarchs down to modern times, who prefer to have around their persons warriors uninfluenced by family connection with the people of the land. Rameses II had such a body-guard whose commanders ranked with the great officers of the crown (Maspero, Struggle of the Nations, 766). David's body-guard of 600, known also as the gibborim or "mighty men," consisted of Cherethites, Pelethites, and Gittites (2 Samuel 15:18; 2 Samuel 20:23), and we read of Carites (2 Kings 11:19), who may have been Carians or Cretans, as forming part of the guard at the coronation of King Jehoash.
3. Connection with the Temple:
That this guard had duties in connection with the temple as well as the king's house seems clear. That they were employed as slaughterers of the sacrifices before the Levites were entrusted with the office is unlikely, inasmuch as this guard is not said to have been composed of "slaughterers" but of "runners." But they accompanied King Rehoboam when he visited the temple (1 Kings 14:28), and to their captains were committed the shields of brass which took the place of the shields of gold which Solomon had hung up in the temple; Jehoiada employed their captains to put Athaliah to death and to exterminate the worshippers of Baal who had fled to the temple precincts (2 Kings 11:4); the temple gate leading to the palace was called "the gate of the guard" (2 Kings 11:19). At this time, and for this occasion, at least, the royal body-guard were the temple guards; and when Ezekiel drew up his plans for the temple which he conceived to replace the temple destroyed by Nebuchadrezzar, the "lodges" or "little chambers" were rooms for the accommodation of the temple guard (Ezekiel 40:7, 10, 21, 33, etc.).
Robertson Smith, OTJC, 262, and note.
pre-to'-ri-an: "My bonds in Christ are manifest in all the palace, and in all other, places" (Philippians 1:13 the King James Version). This verse is translated in the Revised Version (British and American), "My bonds became manifest in Christ throughout the whole praetorian guard, and to all the rest," and is noteworthy.
1. Pretorium in Philippians-Usual View:
It has been usual to connect the words, "the soldier that guarded him," Acts 28:16, with this statement in Philippians 1:13, that the apostle's bonds were manifest in the whole praetorium, and to understand that the former was the cause of the latter; that the result of Paul's making the gospel known in his own hired house to those soldiers to one of whom he was chained by the wrist day and night, was that it became known in all the praetorian regiment that his bonds were endured for Christ's sake, that it was for conscience' sake that he was suffering wrongfully, that he was no wrongdoer but a prisoner of Jesus Christ. In this way the gospel would spread through the whole of the praetorian guard in that regiment's headquarters which were situated in a permanent camp established by Tiberius in Rome, outside the Colline Gate, at the Northeast of the city. This verse would also mean that the gospel had been proclaimed in the same way to those members of the praetorian guard who were on duty as the bodyguard of the emperor and who were lodged in one of the buildings which adjoined the emperor's palace on the Palatine Hill.
2. Lightfoot on Interpretations:
Thus, Lightfoot, discussing the meaning of the phrase "in the whole praetorium" (Commentary on Philippians, 99;), reviews the different interpretations which have been given of the word, and shows
(1) that no instance is to be found of its signifying Nero's palace on the Palatine Hill;
(2) that there is no authority for the interpretation which would make it mean the praenterinn barracks on the Palatine;
(3) that neither is there any authority for making it mean the praetorian camp outside the walls of Rome. In Lightfoot's words (op. cit., 101), "All attempts to give a local sense to `praetorium' thus fail for want of evidence." Lightfoot accordingly defends the interpretation, "the praetorian guard," and the Revised Version (British and American), above cited, follows him in this.
3. View of Mommsen and Ramsay:
One of the meanings of "praetorium" is a council of war, the officers who met in the general's tent (see PRAETORIUM). Lightfoot is very decided in interpreting "praetorium" to mean the praetorian regiment, the imperial guards, and he adds, "in this sense and in this alone can it be safely affirmed that the apostle would hear the word praetorium used daily," and that this sense is in all respects appropriate. But the other meaning, though not appropriate here, namely, a council of war composed of the officers and their general, is much nearer to that which is now accepted by such authorities as Mommsen and Sir W.M. Ramsay, who hold that in this passage "praetorium" means a council, not of war, however, but the council of judgment, the emperor's court of appeal in which he was assisted by his legal assessors (see Mommsen, Berlin Akad. Sitzungsber., 1895, 501; Ramsay, Paul the Traveler and the Rein Citizen, 357; Workman, Persecution in the Early Church, 35). Over this court there presided the emperor or his delegate, the prefect of the praetorian guard, and associated with him were twenty assessors selected from the senators. Formerly their votes were taken by ballot, but Nero preferred to receive from each a written opinion and on the next day to deliver his judgment in person. Such, it is now believed, is the praetorium to which Paul refers.
The meaning, therefore, of the words, "My bonds in Christ are manifest in the whole praetorium," will be that when Paul wrote the Epistle to the Philippians his first Roman trial was already so far advanced that he had been able to impress upon his judges, the twenty assessors and their president, the fact that he was no evildoer, but that the sole cause of his imprisonment was his loyalty to Christ. It was manifest to all the members of the emperor's court of appeal that Paul was enduring his long imprisonment, suffering wrongfully, but only for the sake of Jesus Christ.
4. Bearing on Paul's Captivity and Trial:
The important bearing will be seen which this signification of "praetorium" in this passage has on the question of the order in which Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon-the epistles of Paul's captivity in Rome-were written. On subjective evidence Lightfoot concludes that Philippians is the earliest of them, basing his opinion largely on the resemblance which exists in many particulars between the thoughts and expressions in Philippians and in the Epistle to the Romans, making Philippians, as it were, a connecting link between Paul's earlier and his later epistles. See Lightfoot, Philipplans, 42 f; he writes: "These resemblances suggest as early a date for the Epistle to the Philippians as circumstances will allow," earlier, that is, than Colossians and Ephesians. But Lightfoot's argument is set aside by the new light which has been thrown upon the real meaning of "praetorium." Sir W.M. Ramsay (St. Paul the Traveler, 357) writes: "The trial seems to have occurred toward the end of A.D. 61. Its earliest stages were over before Paul wrote to the Philipplans, for he says, `The things which happened unto me have fallen out rather unto the progress of the Good News; so that my bonds became manifest in Christ in the whole Pretorium, and to all the rest; and that most of the Brethren in the Lord, being confident in my bonds, are more abundantly bold to speak the word of God without fear.' This passage has been generally misconceived and connected with the period of imprisonment; and here again we are indebted to Mommsen for the proper interpretation. The Praetorum is the whole body of persons connected with the sitting in judgment, the supreme Imperial Court, doubtless in this case the Prefect or both Prefects of the Praetorian Guard, representing the emperor in his capacity as the fountain of justice, together with the assessors and high officers of the court. The expression of the chapter as a whole shows that the trial is partly finished, and the issue as yet is so favorable that the Brethren are emboldened by the success of Paul's courageous and freespoken defense and the strong impression which he evidently produced on the court; but he himself, being entirely occupied with the trial, is for the moment prevented from preaching as he had been doing when he wrote to the Colossians and the Asian churches generally."
5. Bearing on Date of Epistle:
Thus, the correct meaning of "praetorium" enables us to fix the date of the Epistle to the Philippians as having been written close to the end of Paul's first Roman imprisonment. That this inference is correct is confirmed by various other facts, such as his promise to visit that city, and the fact that in Philippians 2:20 the King James Version he says regarding Timothy, "I have no man likeminded, who will naturally care for your state. For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's." We could not conceive of Paul writing like this if Mark, Tychicus, Aristarchus, and especially if Luke had been with him then, and yet we know (Colossians 4:7, 10, 14) that each and all of these companions of the apostle were with him in Rome when he wrote the Epistle to the Colossians. They had evidently, along with others, been sent on missions to Asia or other places, so that Paul now had only Timothy "likeminded" when he wrote to Philippi.
See PAUL, THE APOSTLE; PHILIPPIANS, THE EPISTLE TO THE.
All these facts and considerations confirm us in accepting the signification of "praetorium" as the emperor's supreme court of appeal, before which Paul when he wrote the Epistle to the Philippians had so conducted his defense as to produce a most favorable impression, from which he inferred that he might soon be liberated from imprisonment. And his liberation, as the event proved, soon followed.
Guard (185 Occurrences)
Matthew 5:25 Agree with your adversary quickly, while you are with him in the way; lest perhaps the prosecutor deliver you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the officer, and you be cast into prison. (See RSV)
Matthew 16:6 Jesus said to them, "Take heed and beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees." (See NIV)
Matthew 16:11 How is it that you don't perceive that I didn't speak to you concerning bread? But beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees." (See NIV)
Matthew 16:12 Then they understood that he didn't tell them to beware of the yeast of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. (See NIV)
Matthew 27:36 and sat down there on guard. (WEY DBY)
Matthew 27:54 As for the Captain and the soldiers who were with Him keeping guard over Jesus, when they witnessed the earthquake and the other occurrences they were filled with terror, and exclaimed, "Assuredly he was God's Son." (WEY DBY NAS NIV)
Matthew 27:65 Pilate said to them, "You have a guard. Go, make it as secure as you can." (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:66 So they went with the guard and made the tomb secure, sealing the stone. (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 28:11 Now while they were going, behold, some of the guards came into the city, and told the chief priests all the things that had happened. (Root in WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 6:27 Immediately the king sent out a soldier of his guard, and commanded to bring John's head, and he went and beheaded him in the prison, (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT RSV)
Mark 8:15 and when He admonished them, "See to it, be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and the yeast of Herod," (WEY)
Mark 12:38 Moreover in the course of His teaching He said, "Be on your guard against the Scribes who like to walk about in long robes and to be bowed to in places of public resort, (WEY)
Mark 13:9 "You yourselves must be on your guard. They will deliver you up to Sanhedrins; you will be brought into synagogues and cruelly beaten; and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to be witnesses to them for me. (WEY NAS NIV)
Mark 13:23 But as for yourselves, be on your guard: I have forewarned you of everything. (WEY NIV)
Mark 14:44 Now he who betrayed him had given them a sign, saying, "Whoever I will kiss, that is he. Seize him, and lead him away safely." (See NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 4:10 for it is written,'He will put his angels in charge of you, to guard you;' (WEB WEY ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 8:29 For Jesus was commanding the unclean spirit to come out of the man. For the unclean spirit had often seized the man. He was kept under guard, and bound with chains and fetters. Breaking the bands apart, he was driven by the demon into the desert. (WEB WEY ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 12:1 Meanwhile, when a multitude of many thousands had gathered together, so much so that they trampled on each other, he began to tell his disciples first of all, "Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. (See NIV)
Luke 12:15 And to the people He said, "Take care, be on your guard against all covetousness, for no one's life consists in the superabundance of his possessions." (WEY NAS NIV)
Luke 17:3 Be on your guard. "If your brother acts wrongly, reprove him; and if he is sorry, forgive him; (WEY NAS)
Luke 21:34 "So be careful, or your hearts will be loaded down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day will come on you suddenly. (See NAS)
Luke 22:4 He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them. (See NIV)
Luke 22:52 Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders, who had come against him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs? (See NIV)
John 17:12 While I was with them, I kept them in thy name which thou hast given me: and I guarded them, and not one of them perished, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled. (Root in ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Acts 4:1 While they were saying this to the people, the Priests, the Commander of the Temple Guard, and the Sadducees came upon them, (WEY NAS NIV)
Acts 5:23 "We found the prison shut and locked, and the guards standing before the doors, but when we opened them, we found no one inside!" (Root in WEB WEY NAS NIV)
Acts 5:24 When the Commander of the Temple Guards and the High Priests heard this statement, they were utterly at a loss with regard to it, wondering what would happen next. (Root in WEY NAS NIV)
Acts 12:4 When he had arrested him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four squads of four soldiers each to guard him, intending to bring him out to the people after the Passover. (WEB ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 12:6 The same night when Herod was about to bring him out, Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains. Guards in front of the door kept the prison. (Root in WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 12:10 When they were past the first and the second guard, they came to the iron gate that leads into the city, which opened to them by itself. They went out, and went down one street, and immediately the angel departed from him. (WEB ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 16:23 When they had laid many stripes on them, they threw them into prison, charging the jailer to keep them safely, (See NAS NIV)
Acts 20:28 Take heed, therefore, to yourselves, and to all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the assembly of the Lord and God which he purchased with his own blood. (See NAS)
Acts 23:35 "I will hear you fully when your accusers also arrive." He commanded that he be kept in Herod's palace. (See RSV NIV)
Acts 24:23 He ordered the centurion that Paul should be kept in custody, and should have some privileges, and not to forbid any of his friends to serve him or to visit him. (See NIV)
Acts 28:16 When we entered into Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard, but Paul was allowed to stay by himself with the soldier who guarded him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 8:20 For against one thing we are on our guard--I mean against blame being thrown upon us in respect to these large and liberal contributions which are under our charge. (WEY)
Philippians 1:13 so that it became evident to the whole praetorian guard, and to all the rest, that my bonds are in Christ; (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Philippians 2:14 Be ever on your guard against a grudging and contentious spirit, (WEY)
Philippians 4:7 And the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and your thoughts in Christ Jesus. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS NIV)
2 Thessalonians 3:3 But the Lord is faithful, who will establish you, and guard you from the evil one. (WEB WEY ASV YLT RSV)
1 Timothy 4:16 Be on your guard as to yourself and your teaching. Persevere in these things; for by doing this you will make certain your own salvation and that of your hearers. (WEY)
1 Timothy 6:20 Timothy, guard that which is committed to you, turning away from the empty chatter and oppositions of the knowledge which is falsely so called; (WEB WEY ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Timothy 1:12 For this cause I also suffer these things. Yet I am not ashamed, for I know him whom I have believed, and I am persuaded that he is able to guard that which I have committed to him against that day. The Letter to the Hebrews (WEB ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Timothy 1:14 That good thing which was committed to you, guard through the Holy Spirit who dwells in us. (WEB WEY ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Timothy 4:15 Against whom be thou also on thy guard, for he has greatly withstood our words. (DBY NAS NIV)
Hebrews 4:1 Therefore let us be on our guard lest perhaps, while He still leaves us a promise of being admitted to His rest, some one of you should be found to have fallen short of it. (WEY)
Hebrews 12:15 Be carefully on your guard lest there be any one who falls back from the grace of God; lest any root bearing bitter fruit spring up and cause trouble among you, and through it the whole brotherhood be defiled; (WEY)
1 Peter 3:10 for 'he who is willing to love life, and to see good days, let him guard his tongue from evil, and his lips -- not to speak guile; (YLT)
2 Peter 3:17 You, therefore, dear friends, having been warned beforehand, must continually be on your guard so as not to be led astray by the false teaching of immoral men nor fall from your own stedfastness. (WEY NAS NIV)
1 John 5:21 Dear children, guard yourselves from idols. (WEY ASV YLT NAS)
2 John 1:8 Keep guard over yourselves, so that you may not lose the results of your good deeds, but may receive back a full reward. (WEY)
Jude 1:24 Now unto him that is able to guard you from stumbling, and to set you before the presence of his glory without blemish in exceeding joy, (ASV YLT)
Revelation 3:10 Because in spite of suffering you have guarded My word, I in turn will guard you from that hour of trial which is soon coming upon the whole world, to put to the test the inhabitants of the earth. (Root in WEY)
Genesis 2:15 And Jehovah Elohim took Man, and put him into the garden of Eden, to till it and to guard it. (DBY)
Genesis 3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed Cherubs at the east of the garden of Eden, and the flame of a sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of life. (WEB DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 37:36 The Midianites sold him into Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 39:1 Joseph was brought down to Egypt. Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh's, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him from the hand of the Ishmaelites that had brought him down there. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 40:3 He put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 40:4 The captain of the guard assigned them to Joseph, and he took care of them. They stayed in prison many days. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 41:10 Pharaoh was angry with his servants, and put me in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, me and the chief baker. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 41:12 There was with us there a young man, a Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard, and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams. To each man according to his dream he interpreted. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 41:35 Let them gather all the food of these good years that come, and lay up grain under the hand of Pharaoh for food in the cities, and let them keep it. (See NAS)
Exodus 23:13 And ye shall be on your guard as to everything that I have said unto you; and shall make no mention of the name of other gods it shall not be heard in thy mouth. (DBY NAS)
Exodus 23:20 "Behold, I send an angel before you, to keep you by the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 23:21 Pay attention to him, and listen to his voice. Don't provoke him, for he will not pardon your disobedience, for my name is in him. (See NAS)
Numbers 10:25 And the standard of the camp of the children of Dan set forward, the rear-guard of all the camps according to their hosts, and over his host was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; (DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 6:7 They said to the people, "Advance! March around the city, and let the armed men pass on before Yahweh's ark." (See NIV)
Joshua 6:9 And the armed men went before the priests who blew with the trumpets, and the rearguard came after the ark; they blew with the trumpets in marching. (Root in DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 6:13 The seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of Yahweh went on continually, and blew the trumpets: and the armed men went before them. The rear guard came after the ark of Yahweh. The trumpets sounded as they went. (WEB DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 8:13 So they set the people, even all the army who was on the north of the city, and their ambush on the west of the city; and Joshua went that night into the midst of the valley. (See NAS RSV)
Joshua 10:18 Joshua said, "Roll large stones to the mouth of the cave, and set men by it to guard them; (WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 7:19 So Gideon, and the hundred men who were with him, came to the outermost part of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch, when they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and broke in pieces the pitchers that were in their hands. (See NIV)
Judges 8:11 And Gideon went up by the caravan route east of Nobah and Jog'behah, and attacked the army; for the army was off its guard. (DBY RSV)
1 Samuel 2:9 So Joshua blessed them, and sent them away; and they went to their tents. (See RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 7:1 The men of Kiriath Jearim came, and fetched up the ark of Yahweh, and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill, and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of Yahweh. (See NIV)
1 Samuel 19:2 Jonathan told David, saying, "Saul my father seeks to kill you. Now therefore, please take care of yourself in the morning, and live in a secret place, and hide yourself. (See NAS NIV)
1 Samuel 22:14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, "Who among all your servants is so faithful as David, who is the king's son-in-law, and is taken into your council, and is honorable in your house? (See NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 22:17 The king said to the guard who stood about him, "Turn, and kill the priests of Yahweh; because their hand also is with David, and because they knew that he fled, and didn't disclose it to me." But the servants of the king wouldn't put forth their hand to fall on the priests of Yahweh. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 26:15 And David said to Abner, Art not thou a man? and who is like to thee in Israel? and why hast thou not guarded thy lord the king? for one of the people came in to destroy the king thy lord. (Root in DBY NAS NIV)
1 Samuel 26:16 This thing is not good which thou hast done. As Jehovah liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not guarded your master, Jehovah's anointed. And now see where the king's spear is, and the cruse of water that was at his head. (Root in DBY NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 16:6 He cast stones at David, and at all the servants of king David, and all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left. (See NIV)
2 Samuel 20:3 David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in custody, and provided them with sustenance, but didn't go in to them. So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood. (See NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 20:10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand. So he struck him with it in the body, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and didn't strike him again; and he died. Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri. (See NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 23:23 He was more honorable than the thirty, but he didn't attain to the first three. David set him over his guard. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 1:8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. (See NIV)
1 Kings 1:10 but Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah, and the mighty men, and Solomon his brother, he didn't call. (See NIV)
1 Kings 14:27 King Rehoboam made in their place shields of brass, and committed them to the hands of the captains of the guard, who kept the door of the king's house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 14:28 It was so, that as often as the king went into the house of Yahweh, the guard bore them, and brought them back into the guard chamber. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 20:39 As the king passed by, he cried to the king; and he said, "Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and behold, a man turned aside, and brought a man to me, and said,'Guard this man! If by any means he be missing, then your life shall be for his life, or else you shall pay a talent of silver.' (WEB NAS NIV)
2 Kings 6:10 And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of; and he guarded himself there, not once nor twice. (Root in JPS DBY NAS NIV)
2 Kings 9:14 So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. --Now Joram had been guarding Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Aram; (Root in JPS RSV)
2 Kings 10:25 It happened, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, "Go in, and kill them! Let none escape." They struck them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:4 In the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the captains over hundreds of the Carites and of the guard, and brought them to him into the house of Yahweh; and he made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of Yahweh, and showed them the king's son. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:5 He commanded them, saying, "This is the thing that you shall do: a third part of you, who come in on the Sabbath, shall be keepers of the watch of the king's house; (See RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:6 A third part shall be at the gate Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard. So you shall keep the watch of the house, and be a barrier. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:7 The two companies of you, even all who go out on the Sabbath, shall keep the watch of the house of Yahweh around the king. (See RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:11 The guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, from the right side of the house to the left side of the house, along by the altar and the house, around the king. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:13 When Athaliah heard the noise of the guard and of the people, she came to the people into the house of Yahweh: (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:19 He took the captains over hundreds, and the Carites, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of Yahweh, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king's house. He sat on the throne of the kings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 25:8 Now in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, to Jerusalem. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)