|Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia|
hag'-rits (haghri'im): An Arab tribe, or confederation of tribes (1 Chronicles 5:10, 19, 20 the King James Version "Hagarites"; 1 Chronicles 27:31 the King James Version "Hagerite"; Psalm 83:6 "Hagarenes"), against which the Reubenites fought in the days of Saul. In Genesis 25:12-18 are recorded the descendants, "generations," of Ishmael, "whom Hagar the Egyptian Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham." Two, and possibly three, of these tribes, Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah (25:15), appear to be identical with the 3 tribes whom the Reubenites and the other Israelite tribes East of the Jordan conquered and dispossessed (1 Chronicles 5). The correspondence of names in Genesis and 1 Chronicles leaves little doubt that "Hagrite" is a generic term roughly synonymous with "Ishmaelite," designating the irregular and shifting line of desert tribes stretching along the East and South of Palestine. Those "East of Gilead," "Jetur, Naphish and Nodah," were overcome by Reuben: "The Hagrites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them.. And they took away their cattle. they dwelt in their stead until the captivity" (1 Chronicles 5:20-22).
These along with other Arab tribes are mentioned in the inscriptions of Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 B.C.). Jetur gave his name to the Itureans of Roman times, who were famed soldiers dwelling in Anti-Libanus. Compare Curtis, Commentary on Chronicles; Skinner, "Genesis," ICC, in the place cited.
Hagrites (5 Occurrences)
1 Chronicles 5:10 In the days of Saul, they made war with the Hagrites, who fell by their hand; and they lived in their tents throughout all the land east of Gilead. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 5:19 They made war with the Hagrites, with Jetur, and Naphish, and Nodab. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 5:20 They were helped against them, and the Hagrites were delivered into their hand, and all who were with them; for they cried to God in the battle, and he was entreated of them, because they put their trust in him. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 5:21 They took away their livestock; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred fifty thousand, and of donkeys two thousand, and of men one hundred thousand. (See NIV)
Psalms 83:6 The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab, and the Hagrites; (WEB JPS NAS RSV NIV)