|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Frozen rain-drops; one of the plagues of Egypt (Exodus 9:23). It is mentioned by Haggai as a divine judgment (Haggai 2:17). A hail-storm destroyed the army of the Amorites when they fought against Joshua (Joshua 10:11). Ezekiel represents the wall daubed with untempered mortar as destroyed by great hail-stones (Ezek. 13:11). (See also 38:22; Revelation 8:7; 11:19; 16:21.)
A salutation expressive of a wish for the welfare of the person addressed; the translation of the Greek Chaire, "Rejoice" (Luke 1:8). Used in mockery in Matthew 27:29.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) Small roundish masses of ice precipitated from the clouds, where they are formed by the condensation of vapor. The separate masses or grains are called hailstones.
2. (v. i.) To pour down particles of ice, or frozen vapors.
3. (v. t.) To pour forcibly down, as hail.
4. (a.) Healthy. See Hale (the preferable spelling).
5. (v. t.) To call loudly to, or after; to accost; to salute; to address.
6. (v. t.) To name; to designate; to call.
7. (v. i.) To declare, by hailing, the port from which a vessel sails or where she is registered; hence, to sail; to come; -- used with from; as, the steamer hails from New York.
8. (v. i.) To report as one's home or the place from whence one comes; to come; -- with from.
9. (n.) An exclamation of respectful or reverent salutation, or, occasionally, of familiar greeting.
10. (n.) A wish of health; a salutation; a loud call.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hal (baradh; chalaza):
1. Its Occurrence:
Hail usually falls in the spring or summer during severe thunder storms. Hailstones are made up of alternate layers of ice and snow, and sometimes reach considerable size, causing great damage by their fall. Upward currents of air carry up raindrops already formed to the colder regions above, where they freeze, and as they again pass through layers of cloud, their bulk increases until, too heavy to be carried by the current, they fall to the ground. Hailstorms, like thunder storms, occur in narrow belts a few miles in breadth and are of short duration. Almost without exception they occur in the daytime. If they take place before the time of harvest they do great damage to grain and fruit, and in extreme cases have injured property and endangered life.
2. In Syria:
Hailstorms, while by no means common in Syria and Palestine, are not unusual and are of great severity. They occasionally take place in Egypt. Within a few years hailstones of unusual size fell in Port Said, breaking thousands of windows.
3. Biblical Instances:
(1) The plague of hail (Exodus 9:23-24 Psalm 78:47), which was a local storm, as they usually are, falling on the Egyptians and not striking the children of Israel in Goshen. It was of great severity. "There was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation" (Exodus 9:24). It took place in January, for the barley "was in the ear, and the flax was in bloom" (Exodus 9:31), and caused great damage.
(2) After the battle with the Amorites at Gibeon, "Yahweh cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more who died with the hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword" (Joshua 10:11).
4. As Punishment:
Hail is often spoken of as a means of punishing the wicked: "As a tempest of hail. will he cast down" (Isaiah 28:2); "The hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies" (Isaiah 28:17); and as symbols of God's anger: "I will rain. great hailstones, fire, and brimstone" (Ezekiel 38:22); "There shall be. great hailstones in wrath to consume it" (Ezekiel 13:13; compare Isaiah 30:30 Haggai 2:17 Revelation 8:7; Revelation 11:19; Revelation 16:21).
5. God's Power:
Yahweh's power and wisdom are shown in controlling the hail: "Hast thou seen the treasuries of the hail?" (Job 38:22); "Fire and hail, snow and vapor. fulfilling his word" (Psalm 148:8).
Alfred H. Joy
hal: Interjection, found only in the Gospels as the translation of chaire, chairete, imp. of chairo, "to rejoice," is used as a greeting or salutation. The word "Hail" is Old English and was formerly an adjective, used with the verb to be, meaning "well," "sound," "hale," e.g. "Hale be thou." Wycliff has "heil" without the verb, followed by other English VSS, except that the Geneva has "God save thee," in Matthew 26:49; Matthew 28:9. The word occurs in Matthew 26:49; Matthew 27:29; Matthew 28:9, "all hail"; Mark 15:18 Luke 1:28 John 19:3.
See GODSPEED; GREETING.
Hail (42 Occurrences)
Matthew 26:49 Immediately he came to Jesus, and said, "Hail, Rabbi!" and kissed him. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 27:29 They braided a crown of thorns and put it on his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they kneeled down before him, and mocked him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 28:9 And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Mark 15:18 They began to salute him, "Hail, King of the Jews!" (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
John 19:3 They kept saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" and they kept slapping him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 23:26 Claudius Lysias, to the most noble governor Felix, hail: (YLT)
James 1:1 James, of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ a servant, to the Twelve Tribes who are in the dispersion: Hail! (YLT)
2 John 1:10 if any one doth come unto you, and this teaching doth not bear, receive him not into the house, and say not to him, 'Hail!' (YLT)
2 John 1:11 for he who is saying to him, 'Hail,' hath fellowship with his evil works. (YLT)
Revelation 8:7 The first sounded, and there followed hail and fire, mixed with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. One third of the earth was burnt up, and one third of the trees were burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 11:19 God's temple that is in heaven was opened, and the ark of the Lord's covenant was seen in his temple. Lightnings, sounds, thunders, an earthquake, and great hail followed. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 16:21 Great hailstones, about the weight of a talent, came down out of the sky on people. People blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, for this plague is exceedingly severe. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:18 Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as has not been in Egypt since the day it was founded even until now. Leviticus (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:19 Now therefore command that all of your livestock and all that you have in the field be brought into shelter. Every man and animal that is found in the field, and isn't brought home, the hail shall come down on them, and they shall die."'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:22 Yahweh said to Moses, "Stretch forth your hand toward the sky, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, on man, and on animal, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:23 Moses stretched forth his rod toward the heavens, and Yahweh sent thunder, hail, and lightning flashed down to the earth. Yahweh rained hail on the land of Egypt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:24 So there was very severe hail, and lightning mixed with the hail, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:25 The hail struck throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and animal; and the hail struck every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, there was no hail. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:28 Pray to Yahweh; for there has been enough of mighty thunderings and hail. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:29 Moses said to him, "As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands to Yahweh. The thunders shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that you may know that the earth is Yahweh's. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:33 Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands to Yahweh; and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:34 When Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 10:5 and they shall cover the surface of the earth, so that one won't be able to see the earth. They shall eat the residue of that which has escaped, which remains to you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which grows for you out of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 10:12 Yahweh said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail has left." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 10:15 For they covered the surface of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened, and they ate every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. There remained nothing green, either tree or herb of the field, through all the land of Egypt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 25:6 and thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be unto thee, and peace be to thy house, and peace be unto all that thou hast. (See JPS)
2 Chronicles 17:7 Also in the third year of his reign he sent his princes, even Ben Hail, and Obadiah, and Zechariah, and Nethanel, and Micaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 38:22 Have you entered the treasuries of the snow, or have you seen the treasures of the hail, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 18:12 At the brightness before him his thick clouds passed, hailstones and coals of fire. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 18:13 Yahweh also thundered in the sky. The Most High uttered his voice: hailstones and coals of fire. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 78:47 He destroyed their vines with hail, their sycamore fig trees with frost. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 78:48 He gave over their livestock also to the hail, and their flocks to hot thunderbolts. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 105:32 He gave them hail for rain, with lightning in their land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 147:17 He hurls down his hail like pebbles. Who can stand before his cold? (WEB NIV)
Psalms 148:8 Lightning and hail, snow and clouds; stormy wind, fulfilling his word; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 28:2 Behold, the Lord has a mighty and strong one. Like a storm of hail, a destroying storm, and like a storm of mighty waters overflowing, he will cast them down to the earth with his hand. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 28:17 I will make justice the measuring line, and righteousness the plumb line. The hail will sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters will overflow the hiding place. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 30:30 Yahweh will cause his glorious voice to be heard, and will show the descent of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and the flame of a devouring fire, with a blast, storm, and hailstones. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 32:19 Though hail flattens the forest, and the city is leveled completely. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Haggai 2:17 I struck you with blight, mildew, and hail in all the work of your hands; yet you didn't turn to me,' says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)