|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews pattish, used by gold-beaters (Isaiah 41:7) and by quarry-men (Jeremiah 23:29). Metaphorically of Babylon (Jeremiah 50:23) or Nebuchadnezzar.
(2.) Hebrews makabah, a stone-cutter's mallet (1 Kings 6:7), or of any workman (Judges 4:21; Isaiah 44:12).
(3.) Hebrews halmuth, a poetical word for a workman's hammer, found only in Judges 5:26, where it denotes the mallet with which the pins of the tent of the nomad are driven into the ground.
(4.) Hebrews mappets, rendered "battle-axe" in Jeremiah 51:20. This was properly a "mace," which is thus described by Rawlinson: "The Assyrian mace was a short, thin weapon, and must either have been made of a very tough wood or (and this is more probable) of metal. It had an ornamented head, which was sometimes very beautifully modelled, and generally a strap or string at the lower end by which it could be grasped with greater firmness."
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like, consisting of a head, usually of steel or iron, fixed crosswise to a handle.
2. (n.) Something which in firm or action resembles the common hammer
3. (n.) That part of a clock which strikes upon the bell to indicate the hour.
4. (n.) The padded mallet of a piano, which strikes the wires, to produce the tones.
5. (n.) The malleus.
6. (n.) That part of a gunlock which strikes the percussion cap, or firing pin; the cock; formerly, however, a piece of steel covering the pan of a flintlock musket and struck by the flint of the cock to ignite the priming.
7. (n.) Also, a person of thing that smites or shatters; as, St. Augustine was the hammer of heresies.
8. (v. t.) To beat with a hammer; to beat with heavy blows; as, to hammer iron.
9. (v. t.) To form or forge with a hammer; to shape by beating.
10. (v. t.) To form in the mind; to shape by hard intellectual labor; -- usually with out.
11. (v. i.) To be busy forming anything; to labor hard as if shaping something with a hammer.
12. (v. i.) To strike repeated blows, literally or figuratively.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ham'-er: The Hebrew maqqebheth, occurs in Judges 4:21, where it refers to the mallet (probably wooden) used to drive tent-pins into the ground. The same word occurs in 1 Kings 6:7 Isaiah 44:12 Jeremiah 10:4 as applied to a workman's hammer. paTTish (compare Arabic, fatis), occurs in Isaiah 41:7 Jeremiah 23:29; Jeremiah 50:23. It was probably a blacksmith's hammer or heavy hammer used for breaking rock. There is doubt about the rendering of Judges 5:26, where the word, halmuth, occurs. From the context, the instrument mentioned was probably not a hammer. In Psalm 74:6, kelaph, is better translated "axes," not "hammers."
James A. Patch
Hammer (15 Occurrences)
Exodus 25:31 "You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work shall the lampstand be made, even its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it. (Root in WEB BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 16:38 And let the vessels of those men, who with their lives have made payment for their sin, be hammered out into plates as a cover for the altar; for they have been offered before the Lord and are holy; so that they may be a sign to the children of Israel. (Root in BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 4:21 Then Jael Heber's wife took a tent peg, and took a hammer in her hand, and went softly to him, and struck the pin into his temples, and it pierced through into the ground; for he was in a deep sleep; so he swooned and died. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 5:26 She put her hand to the tent peg, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer. With the hammer she struck Sisera. She struck through his head. Yes, she pierced and struck through his temples. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 6:7 The house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready at the quarry; and there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 25:18 One who gives false witness against his neighbour is a hammer and a sword and a sharp arrow. (BBE)
Proverbs 27:22 Even if a foolish man is crushed with a hammer in a vessel among crushed grain, still his foolish ways will not go from him. (BBE)
Ecclesiastes 12:11 The words of the wise are pointed, and sayings grouped together are like nails fixed with a hammer; they are given by one guide. (BBE)
Isaiah 2:4 And he will be the judge between the nations, and the peoples will be ruled by his decisions: and their swords will be turned into plough-blades, and their spears into vine-knives: no longer will the nations be turning their swords against one another, and the knowledge of war will be gone for ever. (See NAS)
Isaiah 41:7 So the carpenter encourages the goldsmith. He who smoothes with the hammer encourages him who strikes the anvil, saying of the soldering, "It is good;" and he fastens it with nails, that it might not totter. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 10:4 They deck it with silver and with gold; they fasten it with nails and with hammers, that it not move. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 23:29 Isn't my word like fire? says Yahweh; and like a hammer that breaks the rock in pieces? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 50:23 How is the hammer of the whole earth cut apart and broken! how is Babylon become a desolation among the nations! (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 51:20 You are my battle axe and weapons of war: and with you will I break in pieces the nations; and with you will I destroy kingdoms; (See RSV)
Micah 4:3 And he will be judge between great peoples, and strong nations far away will be ruled by his decisions; their swords will be hammered into plough-blades and their spears into vine-knives: nations will no longer be lifting up their swords against one another, and knowledge of war will have gone for ever. (Root in BBE NAS)