|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews haran; i.e., "mountaineer." The eldest son of Terah, brother of Abraham and Nahor, and father of Lot, Milcah, and Iscah. He died before his father (Genesis 11:27), in Ur of the Chaldees.
(2.) Hebrews haran, i.e., "parched;" or probably from the Accadian charana, meaning "a road." A celebrated city of Western Asia, now Harran, where Abram remained, after he left Ur of the Chaldees, till his father Terah died (Genesis 11:31, 32), when he continued his journey into the land of Canaan. It is called "Charran" in the LXX. and in Acts 7:2. It is called the "city of Nahor" (Genesis 24:10), and Jacob resided here with Laban (30:43). It stood on the river Belik, an affluent of the Euphrates, about 70 miles above where it joins that river in Upper Mesopotamia or Padan-aram, and about 600 miles northwest of Ur in a direct line. It was on the caravan route between the east and west. It is afterwards mentioned among the towns taken by the king of Assyria (2 Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12). It was known to the Greeks and Romans under the name Carrhae.
(3.) The son of Caleb of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:46) by his concubine Ephah.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) Son of Terah, younger brother of Abraham and Nahor, and father of Lot (Genesis 11:27). He had two daughters, Milcah and Iscah (Genesis 11:29).
(2) A Gershonite, of the family of Shimei (1 Chronicles 23:9).
ha'-ran (charan; Charhran): The city where Terah settled on his departure from Ur (Genesis 11:31 f); whence Abram set out on his pilgrimage of faith to Canaan (Genesis 12:1). It was probably "the city of Nahor" to which Abraham's servant came to find a wife for Isaac (Genesis 24:10). Hither came Jacob when he fled from Esau's anger (Genesis 27:43). Here he met his bride (Genesis 29:4), and in the neighboring pastures he tended the flocks of Laban. It is one of the cities named by Rabshakeh as destroyed by the king of Assyria (2 Kings 19:12 Isaiah 37:12). Ezekiel speaks of the merchants of Haran as trading with Tyre (27:23).
The name appears in Assyro-Babalonian as Charran, which means "road"; possibly because here the trade route from Damascus joined that from Nineveh to Carchemish. It is mentioned in the prism inscription of Tiglath-pileser I. It was a seat of the worship of Sin, the moon-god, from very ancient times. A temple was built by Shalmaneser II. Haran seems to have shared in the rebellion of Assur (763 B.C., the year of the solar eclipse, June 15). The privileges then lost were restored by Sargon II. The temple, which had been destroyed, was rebuilt by Ashurbanipal, who was here crowned with the crown of Sin. Haran and the temple suffered much damage in the invasion of the Umman-Manda (the Medes). Nabuna`id restored temple and city, adorning them on a lavish scale. Near Haran the Parthians defeated and slew Crassus (53 B.C.), and here Caracalla was assassinated (217 A.D.). In the 4th century it was the seat of a bishopric; but the cult of the moon persisted far into the Christian centuries. The chief temple was the scene of heathen worship until the 11th century, and was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th.
The ancient city is represented by the modern Charran to the Southeast of Edessa, on the river Belias, an affluent of the Euphrates. The ruins lie on both sides of the stream, and include those of a very ancient castle, built of great basaltic blocks, with square columns, 8 ft. thick, which support an arched roof some 30 ft. in height. Remains of the old cathedral are also conspicuous. No inscriptions have yet been found here, but a fragment of an Assyrian lion has been uncovered. A well nearby is identified as that where Eliezer met Rebekah.
In Acts 7:2, 4, the King James Version gives the name as Charran.
Haran (19 Occurrences)
Acts 7:2 He said, "Brothers and fathers, listen. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran, (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 7:4 Then he came out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and lived in Haran. From there, when his father was dead, God moved him into this land, where you are now living. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 11:26 Terah lived seventy years, and became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 11:27 Now this is the history of the generations of Terah. Terah became the father of Abram, Nahor, and Haran. Haran became the father of Lot. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 11:28 Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his birth, in Ur of the Chaldees. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 11:29 Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram's wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran who was also the father of Iscah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 11:31 Terah took Abram his son, Lot the son of Haran, his son's son, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram's wife. They went forth from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan. They came to Haran and lived there. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 11:32 The days of Terah were two hundred five years. Terah died in Haran. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 12:4 So Abram went, as Yahweh had spoken to him. Lot went with him. Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed out of Haran. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 12:5 Abram took Sarai his wife, Lot his brother's son, all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls whom they had gotten in Haran, and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan. Into the land of Canaan they came. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 27:43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice. Arise, flee to Laban, my brother, in Haran. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 28:10 Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:4 Jacob said to them, "My relatives, where are you from?" They said, "We are from Haran." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 32:36 and Beth Nimrah, and Beth Haran: fortified cities, and folds for sheep. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Kings 19:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden that were in Telassar? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:46 Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 23:9 The sons of Shimei: Shelomoth, and Haziel, and Haran, three. These were the heads of the fathers' houses of Ladan. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 37:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, Haran, Rezeph, and the children of Eden who were in Telassar? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:23 Haran and Canneh and Eden, the traffickers of Sheba, Asshur and Chilmad, were your traffickers. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)