|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews `asar, "to bind;" hence the act of fastening animals to a cart (1 Samuel 6:7, 10; Jeremiah 46:4, etc.).
(2.) An Old English word for "armour;" Hebrews neshek (2 Chronicles 9:24).
(3.) Hebrews shiryan, a coat of mail (1 Kings 22:34; 2 Chronicles 18:33; rendered "breastplate" in Isaiah 59:17).
(4.) The children of Israel passed out of Egypt "harnessed" (Exodus 13:18), i.e., in an orderly manner, and as if to meet a foe. The word so rendered is probably a derivative from Hebrew hamesh (i.e., "five"), and may denote that they went up in five divisions, viz., the van, centre, two wings, and rear-guard.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) Originally, the complete dress, especially in a military sense, of a man or a horse; hence, in general, armor.
2. (n.) The equipment of a draught or carriage horse, for drawing a wagon, coach, chaise, etc.; gear; tackling.
3. (n.) The part of a loom comprising the heddles, with their means of support and motion, by which the threads of the warp are alternately raised and depressed for the passage of the shuttle.
4. (v. t.) To dress in armor; to equip with armor for war, as a horseman; to array.
5. (v. t.) Fig.: To equip or furnish for defense.
6. (v. t.) To make ready for draught; to equip with harness, as a horse. Also used figuratively.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
har'-nes: A word of Celtic origin meaning "armour" in the King James Version; it is the translation of shiryan, "a coat of mail" (1 Kings 22:34 2 Chronicles 18:33); of nesheq, "arms," "weapons" (2 Chronicles 9:24, the Revised Version (British and American) "armor"); of 'acar "to bind" (Jeremiah 46:4), "harness the horses," probably here, "yoke the horses"; compare 1 Samuel 6:7, "tie the kine to the cart" (bind them), Genesis 46:29; another rendering is "put on their accoutrements"; compare APC 1Macc 6:43, "one of the beasts armed with royal harness" (thorax), the Revised Version (British and American) "breastplates"; compare APC 1Macc 3:3, "warlike harness"; APC 1Macc 6:41 (hopla), the Revised Version (British and American) "arms"; APC 2Macc 3:25, etc.; harnessed represents chamushim, "armed," "girded" (Exodus 13:18, "The children of Israel went up harnessed," the Revised Version (British and American) "armed"). Tyndale, Cranmer, Geneva have "harnes" in Luke 11:22, Wycliff "armer."
W. L. Walker
Harness (9 Occurrences)
1 Kings 18:44 And it came to pass at the seventh time that he said, Behold there is a cloud, small as a man's hand, arising out of the sea. And he said, Go up, say to Ahab, Harness and go down, that the pour of rain stop thee not. (DBY)
1 Kings 20:11 And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell him, Let not him that girdeth on his harness boast himself as he that putteth it off. (KJV WBS)
2 Kings 9:21 And Jehoram saith, 'Harness;' and his chariot is harnessed, and Jehoram king of Israel goeth out, and Ahaziah king of Judah, each in his chariot, and they go out to meet Jehu, and find him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite. (YLT)
2 Chronicles 9:24 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, harness, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year. (KJV WBS YLT)
Job 39:10 Can you hold the wild ox in the furrow with his harness? Or will he till the valleys after you? (WEB NIV)
Psalms 50:19 "You give your mouth to evil. Your tongue frames deceit. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 46:4 Harness the horses, and get up, you horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, put on the coats of mail. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 10:11 And Ephraim 'is' a trained heifer -- loving to thresh, And I -- I have passed over on the goodness of its neck, I cause 'one' to ride Ephraim, Plough doth Judah, harrow for him doth Jacob. (See NAS)
Micah 1:13 Harness the chariot to the swift steed, inhabitant of Lachish. She was the beginning of sin to the daughter of Zion; For the transgressions of Israel were found in you. (WEB NAS RSV NIV)